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Prefixes, Suffixes, and Root

Words often used in


Biology
1. a-
• not/without • abiotic
2. di-
• two • dioxide
3. hemato-
• blood • hematology
4. aero-
• air/oxygen • aerobic
5. an-
• not/without • anaerobic
6. anthropo-
• human • anthropology
7. anti-
• against/oppo • antibody
site of
8. archae-
• ancient/primitiv • archaebacteria
e
9. auto-
• self/by itself • autotroph
10. herb-
• plants • herbicide
11. bio-
• life • biology
12. trans-
• across/through • transpiration
13. photo-
• light • photosynthesi
s
14. hydro-
• water • hydrolysis
15. meta-
• change of • metaphase
position
16. bi-
• having two • bilateral
17. cephalo-
• head • cephalopod
18. cerebro
• brain • cerebrum
19. hetero-
• different • heterozygou
s
20. homo-
• same • homozygous
21.chloro-
• green • chlorophyll
22. meso-
• middle • Mesozoic
23. con-
• come • condensation
together/
combine
24. cyto-
• cell • cytoplasm
25. de-
• away/remove • dehydrate
26. dia-
• through/across • diameter
27. ecto-
• outside • ectotherm
28. -some
• part of the • chromosome
body
29. -philia
• fondness • thermophilic
30. -phobia
• fear • arachnophobia
31. -ploid
• number of sets of • diploid
chromosomes
32. -derm
• skin/layer/ • epidermis
covering
33. -therm
• heat • thermometer
34. hyper-
• over/excessive • hyperactive
35. hypo-
• below/less • hypoglycemia
than normal
36. non-
• not/a lack of • nondisjunctio
n
37. neuro-
• nerve • neuron
38. -troph
• food • heterotroph
39. -phage
• taking over • bacteriophage
40. macro-
• large • macromolecule
41. micro-
• small • microscopic
42. mono-
• one • monosaccharide
43. poly-
• many • polymer
44. iso-
• equal • isotonic
45. pro-
• before/primitiv • prokaryotic
e
46. phago-
• taking • phagocytosis
over/eating
47. lyso-
• disintegratio • lysosome
n/break
down
48. karyo-
• nucleus • karyotype
49.endo-
• inside/into • endocytosis
50.sym-
• with/togethe • symbiosis
r
51. epi-
• outer/top • epidermis
52. eu-
• true/well • eukaryotic
53. exo-
• out • exocytosis
54. gastro-
• stomach • gastric juice
55. -able

• capable of teachable
56. Acou or acous
• hear
Acoustic
57. deca
• Ten decameter
58. -cycle; cycl-
Ring Circle Cycling
59. cardi
• Heart cardiovascular
60.carn
• Meat Carnivore
61.ex
• Out of , away from exit
62.hist
• Tissue Histology
63.-logy
• The study of geology
64. lat
• Side latitude
65. Lip-
• Fat lipids
66. mamm
• Breast mammogram
67.omni
• All
omnivore
68. nas
• Nose nasal passage
69. nephro
• Kidney
nephrotic syndrome
70. aden
• gland

Eample: Adenofibrosis
71. ase
• Forms names of enzymes

EX: Amylase
72.halo
• Salt

EX: halocarbon
73. hort
• Garden

Ex: horticulture
74. dorm
• Sleep

Ex: dormant
75. calor
• Heat

Ex: calorie
76. morph
• Shape or form

Ex: metamorphosis
77. noct
• Night

EX: nocturnal
78. nat
• Born

Ex: innate
79. osteo
• Bone

EX: Osteoarthritic
80.

Aqua – water
Aquatic
81.
•Bacter – bacteria
•Examples: Bacteria
82.
-cid(e)

Means - kill
Example – suicide, pesticide
83.
•Carcin- meaning: cancer
causing
•Examples - carcinogen
84.
Eco
Means – house
Example – ecosystem
85.

Co -
Means – together or with
Example - coevolution
86.
Cilia
Means – hair like
Example - ciliates
87. gene
Means – origin or birth
Example - biogenesis
88. Glyco()
Means – sugar
Example - glycogen
89. Gluc-
Means – sugar
Example - glucose
90. Hibern –
Means – Sleep
Example -
Hibernate
91. -itis
Means – inflammation
Example - arthitis
92. -lys
Means – decompose,
split, dissolve
Example – analysis or
cell lysis
93. Multi-
Means – many
Example – multicellular
94. -phyll
Means –leaf
Example – chlorophyll
95. -plasm
Means – jelly or
formative substance
Example -cytoplasm
96. -pod
Means – foot
Example - arthopod
97. Pseudo-
Means – false
Example – pseudopod
98. sacchar
Means – sugar
Example - polysaccaride
99. syn
Means – to put together
Example - photosynthesis
100.uni-
Means – one or single
Example - unicellular
101. -vor-
means- devour or
eat
Examples - carnivore
102. Zo/zoa
Means – animal
Example – protozoa –
protist that are animal
like - consumer
103. Zyg-
Means – union or to
form
Example - zygote
Root Meaning Example

3. audi hear audible


Root Meaning Example

6. chrono time chronology


Segment #1
Root Meaning Example

12.ped child pediatrics


Segment #1
Root Meaning Example

14.tele far of telephone


Segment #1
Root Meaning Example

15.vac empty vacant


Segment #2
Root Meaning Example

4. dent/ 4.teeth 4.dentist /


dont orthodontist
Segment #2
Root Meaning Example

5. dyn 5. power 5. dynamite


Root Meaning Example

inter between inter-


national
Segment #2
Root Meaning Example

9. kil 9. thousand 9. kilowat


Segment #2
Root Meaning Example

10.mal 10.bad 10.malpractic


e
Segment #2
Root Meaning Example

13.mort 13.death 13.immortal


Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

3. manu 3. hand 3. manual


Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

4. proto 4. first 4. prototype


Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

6.ter / 6.earth 6.territory


terr
Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

8. path 8. feeling 8. sympathy


Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

11.clud 11.close 11.exclude /


/ clos d closed
Segment #3
Root Meaning Example

15.tox 15.poison 15.toxic


Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

1. graph 1. write 1. graphic


Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

6. vid / 6. see 6. video /


vis vision
Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

7.flect 7.bend 7.reflect /


/ flex flexible
Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

8. frag / 8. break 8. fragment


fract / fracture
Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

13.metro 13.city 13.metropolis


Segment #4
Root Meaning Example

14.cap 14.head 14.decapitate


Segment #5
Root Meaning Example

1. -al 1. relating 1. maternal


to
Segment #5
Root Meaning Example
2. ambi - 2. both 2. ambiguous
Segment #5
Root Meaning Example

8. dis- 8. opposite 8. disable


Segment #5
Root Meaning Example

11.in- 11.not 11.invalid


Segment #5
Root Meaning Example

13.intra 13.withi 13.intra-


- n murals
Segment #5
Root Meaning Example

15.nano- 15.billion 15.nanosecond


Segment #6
Root Meaning Example

4.neo- 4.new 4.neonatal


Segment #6
Root Meaning Example

7. peri- 7. all 7. periscope


around
Segment #6
Root Meaning Example

Lact- milk lactose


Segment #6
Root Meaning Example

9. post- 9. after 9. postpone


Root Meaning Example

Lysis burst cytolysis


Root Meaning Example

Ortho straight orthodonist


Root Meaning Example

Ovi egg ovary


Root Meaning Example

Pneumo lung pneumonia


Root Meaning Example

Phylo calssifica phylogeneti


tion c