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BRIBERY

The Abuse of Power for Gain & Destruction


OBJECTIVES
• Define Bribery
• Identify places where bribe is given
• Analyze the causes of bribery
• Discuss effects of bribery (on economical, social
and political sectors)
• Suggest remedies to overcome bribery
BRIBERY
• CORRUPTION – Dishonest or fraudulent conduct by those in
power, typically involving bribery.

• BRIBE – Dishonestly persuade (someone) to act in one’s


favor by a gift of money or other inducement
Places
where
bribe is
given
CAUSES
 Low Salaries: As everyone is finding a way to better their
living standard as much as they can;. So mostly corruption is
to be seen where there are people having fewer salaries
they use corrupt ways to achieve the goal. It is true that they
do not have any other way to fulfill their wants.
 Personal Greed: that leads to an unrestricted desire for
money or power, with no regard whatsoever to moral
boundaries.
 No sense of service when working in public or private
Institutions: This is seen, for instance, in those who use
politics for their selfish interests, instead of serving the
common good through politics.
CAUSES
 Decline of personal ethical sensitivity: Due to lack of
education or negative learning experiences, developed by
downplaying perverse conduct in the past.
 Downplaying or reacting mildly to bribery charges: Little
power of decision within organizations to penalize, acts of
corruption to set examples creates an environment
conducive to increasing corruption.
 Lack of tolerance: Tolerance of people towards bribery,
complete lack of intense public outcry against bribery and
the absence of strong public forum to oppose illegal acts.
EFFECTS OF BRIBERY
Political sector:
• Undermines democracy by disregarding formal processes such as rigging in
elections, leading to undeserved leaders.
• Corruption in the judiciary compromises justices for innocents.
• Corruption in public administration results in the inefficient provision of services.
Social Sector:
• Corruption facilitates environmental destruction. While corrupt societies may have
formal legislation to protect the environment, it cannot be enforced if officials
can easily be bribed. Lead to socials issues Such as Child labor.
Health sector:
• Payments made to reputed surgeons by patients attempting to be on top of the
list of forthcoming surgeries leads to risk of death some times.
• Bribes paid by suppliers to the automotive industry in order to sell low-quality
connectors used for instance in safety equipment such as airbags, bribes paid by
suppliers to manufacturers of defibrillators (to sell low-quality capacitors) leads to
health risk due to compromised facilities.
EFFECTS OF BRIBERY
Education Sector:
• Contributions paid by wealthy parents to the "social and culture
fund" of a prestigious university in exchange for it to accept their
children(admission) leads to minimum seats for capable students
due to merit less selection.
• Bribes paid to obtain diplomas. Leads to fake expression of
qualification during employment.
Economic Sector
• Bribery often makes a country less attractive for foreign investors
and may thus keep down the standard of living in the country.
• Fake degree holders will not able to serve their country efficiently as
compared to eligible, result in less generation of capital.
REMEDIES TO OVERCOME
BRIBERY
1. Strengthening of Institutions, by camera in most government office.
2. Supremacy of Law (Law to dismiss from service if found to be
involved in corruption).
3. Prevalence of code of conduct.
4. Proper check and balance on all officials as well as citizens.
5. Increase in salaries and incentives.
6. Restoration of judiciary on free basis.
7. Hiring of new employees on merit rather than beneficiaries.
8. Proper awareness campaigns need to be formed.