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STUDENT DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME ON

ELECTRICAL DESIGN ESTIMATING & COSTING


DOMESTIC WIRING & SERVICE LINE INSTALLATION

PRESENTATION BY
SOWMYA G .J
Assistant Professor
Dept. of Electrical & Electronics Engineering
R.R Institute of Technology
CONTENTS

GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF
ELECTRICAL ESTIMATION &
COSTING

DOMESTIC WIRING

SERVICE LINE INSTALLATION


GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF ESTIMATING

 IMPORTANT TERMS USED IN ESTIMATING

 PURPOSE OF ESTIMATING & COSTING

 RESPONSIBILITIES OF AN ESTIMATOR

 IMPORTANT STEPS TO BE CARRIED OUT IN ESTIMATING


IMPORTANT TERMS USED IN ESTIMATING
 ELECTRIC SHEDULE: It is that list or plan of building which provides us
the information regarding the no of points(ceiling outlets, single pole 3 way & 4
way rotary switches, wall plugs & other special plugs) in each room of a
building under estimation
 CATALOUGUES: Price lists giving the net price per each item or per ten or
per 100 or per meter according to estimator requirements. Or pricelists
consisting of net figures (printed price in standard catalogues less with
discount allowable.
 CONTEGENCIES: The amount(5% of total cost) is provided under
cognancies cover additional material cost, labour cost & other allied expenses
which could not be accounted for. Such expenses may due to natural
calamities such as floods, earthquakes, storms, hailstorms etc..
 OVERHEAD CHARGES: Overhead charges or standing charges of the
business cover all expenditure necessary to carryout the business. It includes
rent of offices/ workshops, wear and tear of buildings, plant and machinery-
depreciation,taxes,advertising,insurance,postage,electricity & telephone bill,
wages of staff, travelling expenses, legal expenses etc…
 Overhead charges =10 to 15% of net cost of each estimating.
 ESTIMATING: It is an art of assessment of quantities of different items &
cost there of to plan the amount required for executing a work before actually
carrying out the work

 PURPOSE OF ESTIMATING & COSTING:


 It becomes necessary to prepare a complete project estimate for the given
work to be carried out as it will act as a guide in the successful completion of
work without any interruption.
 The estimate project report provides us an accurate assessment of the
amount of money required, availability of material etc
 The estimate project report includes complete details of the work to be carried
out such as detailed drawings of the work, complete details of the required
materials with costing and the sequence of operations to be performed.

RESPONSIBILITIES OF AN ESTIMATOR
 Estimation of quantity of the material required & the cost involved.
 Analysis of costs.
 Maintain ace of proper records related to the project estimation.
IMPORTANT STEPS TO BE CARRIED OUT IN
ESTIMATING

 MARKET SURVEY & SOURCE SELECTION

 PURCHASE OF REQUIRED MATERIALS-Purchase


Department

 RECORDING OF ESTIMATES:
DOMESTIC WIRING
 Typical domestic/house wiring circuit.
 Distribution board system.
 Factors effecting the choice of wiring method
 Loop in system of wiring method.
 Sub circuits: Lighting & Heating.
 Rules to be fallowed in domestic wiring installation.
 Determination of total load.
 Determination of no of sub circuits.
 Determination of Ratings of main switch & Distribution board.
 Determination of size of conductor.
 Preparation of domestic wiring estimate report for given house
layout.
TYPICAL DOMESTIC/HOUSE WIRING CIRCUIT.
DISTRIBUTION BOARD SYSTEM.
It is used to distribute the supply from the main circuit into various circuit
& sub- circuits .
FACTORS AFFECTING THE CHOICE OF WIRING:
1. DURABILITY: Type of wiring selected should conform to
standard specifications, so that it is durable i.e. without
being affected by the weather conditions, fumes , etc.
2. SAFETY: The wiring must provide safety against leakage ,
shock and fire hazards for the operating personnel.
3. APPEARANCE: Electrical wiring should give an aesthetic appeal
to the interiors.
4. COST: It should not be prohibitively expensive.
5. ACCESSIBILTY: The switches and plug points provided should be
easily accessible. There must be provision for
further extension of the wiring system, if necessary.
6. MAINTENANCE COST: The maintenance cost should be a minimum.
7. MECHANICAL SAFETY: The wiring must be protected against any
mechanical damage.
LOOP IN SYSTEM OF WIRING METHOD
LOOPING IN FROM 3 PLATE CEILING ROSE
RULES TO BE FALLOWED IN DOMESTIC
WIRING INSTLLATION
STEPS IN ESTIMATION OF DOMESTIC
WIRING INSTALLATION
 Determination of total load
 Following ratings may be assumed unless the values are known or
specified
1.Fluoresent lamps-choke type:50W.
2.Incandescent lamps, fans &5 A sockets:60W.
3.Power sockets-15A:1000W.
Note:
1. Max load on lighting sub circuit=800W.
2. Max no of points per lighting sub circuit=10.
3. Max load on heating/power sub circuit=3000W.
4. Max no of points per heating/power sub circuit=2.
 Determination of no of sub-circuits
 The no of sub-circuits (lighting &power circuits) are decided as per no of
points to be wired and total load to be connected to the supply systems
Ex: when connected load=960W
no of points=16
 Connected load >800W .Hence, consider two sub circuits comprising of 8
points each with load 480W (per sub circuit).
 Determination of ratings of main switch & distribution board

Main switch :Decided as per total current of the circuit to be controlled by it.
Total current controlled by the wiring circuit: Total connected load/supply
voltage(240V)
Ex: When current rating=5.2A, select main switch: 240V grade,16A,DPIC switch
with fuse unit.

Distribution board:Decided as per no of sub circuits to be connected to it &


current of sub circuit having highest current rating.
Current rating of sub circuit=load on sub circuit/supply voltage.
Ex:When ,
No of sub circuits=2 & Max current rating on sub circuit=2.6A,
Select distribution board:2-way, 240V, 16A/way MCB type ICDB.

Determination of size of conductor:


 Following three points must be taken into account, while determining size of
conductor for internal wiring of a given circuit.
1.Minimum size mainly for mechanical reasons: 1/1.12 mm in copper &
1/1.40mm in aluminium-sub circuits.
>1 square mm in copper & > 1.5 square mm in aluminium-flexible cords & fitting
wires.
2.Voltage drop.
3.Current carrying capacity.
SELECTION OF CONDUCTORS BASED ON CURRENT RATING
 Preparation of single line diagram for domestic wiring plan to
be installed

 Preparation of wirng plan :


 Represents connection of sub circuits with loads and concerned switch
boards in house plan.
 Represents position of meter board & distribution board
.

 Preparation of Circuit diagram:

Represents complete looping in wiring connection of sub circuits along with


Meter board & ICDB

 Calculation of length of conduit required

 Preparation of Estimate & costing report by reffering wiring


plan & catalogues
Note:Include contingencies =5% & overhead charges=15%
TPIC connection to the meter board
Floor wise subcircuits
Examples :Estimation & costing of single
phase domestic wiring installation
Estimation & Costing of Hall wiring
Wiring plan layout
Single line diagram
SERVICE MAINS

 The overhead line or cable connecting the suppliers distributing


line the consumer premises is called service main or service line
or service connection
THANK YOU