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PERIMETER, AREA

AND VOLUME
PERIMETER is the sum of the
lengths of the sides of polygon.
Triangle P=a+b+c
Square P = 4s
Rectangle P = 2 (l + w)
Parallelogram P = 2 (a + b)
Example: Find the perimeter of each
figure.
Sol.
a. P = 2 (a + b)
1.4 mm P = 2 (1.4 + 1.8)
P = 2 (3.2)
1.8 mm P = 6.4 mm

b. Sol.
P=6+4+2+3+9
P = 24 cm
Find the perimeter of the following:
1.A square with side of 9cm
2.A rectangle 5 dm by 8 dm
3.A parallelogram 10 cm by 8cm
4. 9 cm

5.
9 cm
13 cm
Area (A) is measured in square units.

Area of Square A= 𝑠 2

Area of Rectangle A= (L)(W)


1
Area of Triangle A = bh
2
Area of circle A= 𝜋𝑟 2

Area of Parallelogram A = bh
Examples:
1. Find the area of the square whose side is 8 cm.
Solution: A = 8 x 8 = 64 𝑐𝑚2

2. What is the side of square if it has an area of 100 𝑐𝑚2 .


Solution = 100 = 10 cm

3. A rectangle with length 2.5 inches and width 2 inches.


What is its area?
Solution:
A = lw
A = 2.5 x 2
A = 5 𝑖𝑛𝑐ℎ𝑒𝑠 2
Find the area of the following:
A. Square
1. Side = 7cm 2. side = 15mm

B. Rectangle
1. Length = 7cm, Width = 3 cm
2. Length = 11cm, width = 9 cm
3. Length = 10 cm, width = 7cm
4. A regularization sized basketball court that
measures 94 feet by 50 feet will be constructed in
barangay plaza. If a 5-feet cat walk around the court
will be added to the construction, find the total land
area for this structure.
SOL.

A = (60 ft) (104 ft)


A = 6,240 𝑓𝑡 2
4. The Freedom Park is triangular in shape. Its dimensions are
shown in the figure below. Find the area
of the park and the length of the fence
required to enclose it.

Sol.
The area of the park The length of the required
is given by: fence (perimeter) is:
1 P = 15m + 12m + 7m
A = (7m) (10m) P = 34 m
2
1
A = (70 𝑚2 )
2
A = 35 𝑚2
5. Find the perimeter and area of trapezoid below.

Sol.
The perimeter is:
P = 12.3 cm + 9.9 cm + 15 cm + 9.5 cm
P = 46.7 cm
The area is:
1
A = h (a + b)
2
1
A = (8.1 cm) (12.3 cm + 15cm)
2
1
A = (8.1cm) (27.3 cm)
2
1
A = (221.13 𝑐𝑚 ) 2
2
A = 110.565 𝒄𝒎 𝟐
CIRCUMFERENCE AND AREA OF CIRCLE

Circle – the set of all points in a


plane with a given distance from
a given point in the plane.
Parts of a Circle
Radius – a segment from the center of the
circle to a point on the circle
Chord – segment whose endpoints lie in
the circle
Diameter – chord that contains the center
of the circle.
The distance around the circle is
called circumference.
C = 𝝅d or C = 2𝝅r (𝝅 = 3.14)

Area of a circle = C = 𝛑𝒓 𝟐
Example:
A. Determine the circumference of the circle
given the diameter.
1.24 cm 2. 28 cm

Sol. C = 𝝅d
1. C = (3.14) (24cm)
C = 28.26 cm
2. C = (3.14) (28 cm)
C = 87.92 cm
B. The radius of a circle is 4.5 cm.
Find its circumference.
Sol. C = 2𝝅r
C = 2 (3.14) (4.5cm)
C = (6.28) (4.5cm)
C = 28.26 cm
C. The circumference of a circle is 43.96 m.
Find its radius.
C = 2𝝅r
43.96 = 2 (3.14) r
43.96 = 6.28 r
43.96
r=
6.28
r=7m
1. 20cm
2. 50 dm
3. 30 cm
4. 15 cm
5. 32 cm
VOLUME
Volume (V) is the amount of space
an object occupies.

Cube V=𝑒 3

Rectangular Prism V = LWH


1
Triangular Prism V= ( bh) H
2
Cylinder V= 𝜋𝑟 h
2
FIND THE VOLUME OF THE FOLLOWING AS INDICATED:
1. Cube with edge = 15 cm
2. Rectangular Prism with the ff dimensions:
Length = 15 meters
Width = 6 meters
Height = 7 meters
3. Triangular Prism
Height of the triangular base = 12 cm
Base = 6 cm
Height of the prism = 10 cm
4. The dimensions of the cylinder:
Radius = 5 inches
Height of the cylinder = 1 foot
5. The rectangular prism with length, width and height are 6 ft,
4.5 ft, 7.5 ft, respectively.
TIME
UNITS OF TIME
60 seconds = 1 minute
60 minutes = 1 hour
24 hours = 1 day
365 days = 1 year
52 weeks = 1 year
Examples:
1. A car leaves Batasan Hills NHS at 7:15 AM and
arrives at Quezon City Hall at 8:05 AM. How
long does the trip take?
2. Marlon started his teaching time at 6:00 AM
and stopped at 9:30 AM. How long did he
teach?
Perform the indicated operation:
1. 6 minutes 15 sec 4. 11:30 AM
+15 minutes 32 sec - 3: 04 AM

2. 28 minutes 48 sec 5. 3:40 AM


- 12 minutes 44 sec - 1:32 AM

3. 15 hr 33 min
- 08 hr 48 min
TEMPERATURE
TEMPERATURE SCALES AND THEIR
FORMULAS
5
a.Celsius scale: °C = (°F - 32) –
9
discovered by Anders Celsius
9
b.Fahrenheit scale: : °F = (°C) + 32 –
5
discovered by Gabriel Fahrenheit
c. Kelvin scale: : °K = 273.15 + °C –
discovered by Lord Kelvin
Fahrenheit to Celsius
Convert the following:
1.116.75 °F
2.36.7 °F
Celsius to Fahrenheit
Convert the following:
1.36.75 °C
2.25.91 °C
3.115.4 °C