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CHAPTER 11 - LOOKING AT THE

FILIPINO PAST
Antonio Morga

1580 1600 1636 1889 1909


September

Served as the Was a spanish Died Decided to publish the


Lieutenant-Governor Morga's Work -
administrator who annotations himself
of the Philippines in (Rizal) in Garnier Sucesos de las
served in the
1953 and become a
Philippines in the late Hermanos, a printing Islas Filipinas
judge of that the press based in Paris
sixteenth century
Audiencia in 1958.

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CHAPTER 11 - LOOKING AT THE FILIPINO Click icon to

PAST add picture

5 reasons behind Rizal's Choice that provides Historian Ambeth Ocampo

1 2 3 4 5

According to Ocampo, Morga was a civil A secular account More sympathetic Morga's work was a
the fact that Margo's fitting choice
administrator and was more credible towards the
work in its original because he was in
spanish edition was therefore provided than those written natives in contrast
eyewitness to
rare. In fact, the original a secular account by religious to the biased historical events that
spanish text had never was more credible missionaries accounts written occured in the Ph
been reprinted in full than those written
until Rizal published his by the friars. during the peiod of
annotations in 1889.
by religous early spanish
missionaries colonization.
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CHAPTER 12 – INDOLENCE OR INDUSTRY add picture

Filipinos were
Freedo Educatio
Indolence described as “Sobre la
Indolencia de m n
lazy
los Filipinos”

in the natives was Rizal and other The freedom of Filipinos With all this said Rizal
Rizal’s Work (On was a major issue, since
common view held by propagandists, disputed points out how to reform
this claim and made the Indolence of Spaniards claims the
the indolence among
foreigners who came Philippines as their colony,
efforts to rectify this false the Filipinos) to try Filipinos: through
to the Philippines.—of judgement. Filipinos were
and that the Moro piracies
which what the not always lazy. Before
to rectify the (slave-raiding and piracy education and freedom.
caused by the Moros or Lastly, he argues that
Spaniards mean the Spaniards came, misconception. Muslims) happened way indolence is not an
when they refer to industry, agriculture and back, causing destructions
inherent trait but rather
commerce was and deaths, snatching the
native Filipinos as a sickness with its own
flourishing. Filipinos’ motivation to work.
Indio. causes and cure.
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CHAPTER 13 – EL FILIBUSTERISMO Click icon to

CONTEXT AND CONTENT add picture

Filibustero: History and Context

1872 1888 1890 1891 1891


February February March September

El Fili dictated to Sequel to the Noli me Wenceslao Retana Completed the


wrote filibustero and
Published with the
Gomburza, three priests Tangere after Rizal novel after three
who were accused of returned from Europe. described as “the one help of Valentin
being filibusters in 1872. who, eager for the years in Biarritz Ventura.
The three priests were Written in midst of independence of the
Don Mariano Gomez, threats and country, resorts to
Don Jose Burgos, and oppression because various extralegal
Don Jacinto Zamora of Noli and Calamba proceedings in order to
executed at Bagumbayan reach the objective that
on February 17, 1872.
incident.
he pursues.”
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CHAPTER 13 – EL FILIBUSTERISMO Click icon to

CONTEXT AND CONTENT add picture

Major Characters in El Filibusterismo

Kabesan Other
Simoun Basilio Isagani g Tales Characters

• Don Custodio
A wealthy jeweler, who's Full name Telesforo Juan
true identity is Crisóstomo Basilio's best friend. de Dios, a former cabeza • Paulita Gómez
Ibarra. Fueled by his Paulita Gómez' partner de barangay (barangay
mistreatment at the hands
Sisa's son and before being dumped head) who reappeared as • Father Florentino
of the Spaniards and his Crispin's older by Juanito Peláez. On the bandit Matanglawin;
fury at Maria Clara's fate, his father, Old Man Selo, • Padre Sibyla
brother, now an the later part, He is one
came back with his of the main reason why dies eventually after his
vengeance plan and aspiring doctor own son Tano, who
• Huli
the beginning of
ignite the revolution with who befriended revolution was
became a guardia civil, • Ben Zayb
Basilio. unknowingly shoots his
Simoun. interrupted or stopped. grandfather in an • Placido Penitente
encounter. 9/29/19
5 • Quiroga
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• Old Man Selo

• Father Fernandez