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PRESENTAION ON SAP2000

SOFTWARE
SPECIAL PROJECT I

UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF ASSISTANT PROF. ASHIM PAUL

THE ICFAI UNIVERSITY TRIPURA


Submitted by
• SUKANTA SARKAR • 17ATCE320
• SHUBHAM DAS • 17ATCE309
• SHUBHAM DEBNATH • 17ATCE341
• SAIF UDDIN CHOWDHURY • 17ATCE345
• BARUN BHOWMIK • 17ATCE347
• ARATI DAS • 16ATCE004
INTRODUCTION
SAP2000 is a versatile user interface powered by an unmatched analysis engine and
design tools for engineers working on structural program. From its 3D object based graphical modeling
environment to the wide variety of analysis and design options completely integrated across one powerful user
interface, SAP2000 has proven to be the most integrated, productive and practical general purpose structural
program on the market today. This intuitive interface allows you to create structural models rapidly and
intuitively without long learning curve delays.

Complex Models can be generated and meshed with powerful built in templates. Integrated design code
features can automatically generate wind, wave, bridge, and seismic loads with comprehensive automatic steel
and concrete design code checks per US, Canadian and international design standards.

From a simple small 2D static frame analysis to a large complex 3D nonlinear dynamic analysis, SAP2000 is
the easiest, most productive solution for your structural analysis and design needs.
FEATURES
 MODELING
SAP2000 has a wide selection of templates for quickly starting a new model.
SAP2000 includes parametric templates for the following types of structures:
Simple Beams, 3D Trusses, 3D Frames, Storage Vessels, Staircases, Dam
Structures, and Pipes.

 ANALYSIS
SAP2000 can perform both linear static and multi-step static analysis. Certain
types of load patterns are multi-stepped, meaning that they actually represent
many separate spatial loading patterns applied in sequence. These include the
vehicle, live, and wave types of load patterns.
 OUTPUT & DISPLAY
Shear and moment diagrams display internal shear forces, moments, and
displacements at all locations along the length of a frame element for any load case or
load combination. SAP2000 gives the option to scroll along the length to display
values or scroll directly to the maximum value location.

 LOADING
SAP2000 will automatically generate and apply seismic and wind loads based on
various domestic and international codes. SAP2000 also has a sophisticated moving
load generator that allows users to apply moving loads to lanes on frame and shell
elements.
 USER INTERFACE
SAP2000 offers a single user interface to perform: Modeling,
Analysis, Design, and Reporting.

 STRUCTURAL COMPONENTS
Automatically create joints at structural object intersections or
internal joints when meshing structural objects. Joint coordinates and
information may be displayed on screen in the model window or in
tabular format.
 DESIGN
Fully integrated steel/concrete frame design includes member size optimization
and implementation of design codes. It allows users to interactively view design
results at any frame member, change the parameters or section properties, and display
the updated member results.

 IMPORT & EXPORT


SAP2000 supports many industry standards for importing and exporting data.
Autodesk Revit Structure, Tekla Structures, AutoCAD (DXF/DWG), CIS/2, IFC,
IGES, and SDNF are all supported. SAP2000 also supports exporting of a model to
an Microsoft Access database. If users are using other analysis packages, SAP2000
can import files from FrameWorks Plus, STAAD, and STRUDL
STEPS
11 NEW MODEL: In this Step, the appropriate template need to be selected for
developing the model for analysis as per our requirements.
22 DEFINE A MATERIAL: In this Step, two material properties are to be defined;
one for concrete and one for Rebar as per our requirements.
33 DEFINE FRAME SECTION: In this Step, frame section property type will be
defined for the beam/truss for the required model.
44 DEFINE LOAD PATTERNS: In this Step, modified/add new load will be
defined as per the criteria of the analysis.
55 DRAW FRAME OBJECTS: In this Step, frame objects with the associated
sections previously defined are drawn.
66 ADD RESTRAINS: In this Step, supports of the beam/truss are defined as per the
requirements.
77 ASSIGN LOADS: In this Step, loads will be assigned either point load or UDL in
the beams/truss as per the requirements.
88 RUN ANALYSIS: In this Step, the analysis model will be viewed and the analysis
will be run.
STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS
Structural analysis is the determination of the effects of loads on physical structures and their
components. Structures subject to this type of analysis include all that must withstand loads, such as
buildings, bridges, vehicles, furniture, attire, soil strata, prostheses and biological tissue. Structural
analysis employs the fields of applied mechanics, materials science and applied mathematics to compute
a structure's deformations, internal forces, stresses, support reactions, accelerations, and stability. The
results of the analysis are used to verify a structure's fitness for use, often precluding physical tests.
Structural analysis is thus a key part of the engineering design of structures.

Statically determinate structures are structures that can be analyzed using statics equations only, (i.e.,
equilibrium in all directions). On the other hand, statically indeterminate structures can't be analyzed
using statics equations only; they require other material properties, such as deformations, in order to
analyze them.
BEAM ANALYSIS
A beam is a structural element that primarily resists loads applied laterally to the beam's axis. Its mode of deflection is
primarily by bending. The loads applied to the beam result in reaction forces at the beam's support points. The total
effect of all the forces acting on the beam is to produce shear forces and bending moments within the beam, that in
turn induce internal stresses, strains and deflections of the beam. Beams are characterized by their manner of support,
profile (shape of cross-section), length, and their material.
TYPES OF BEAMS
• Simply supported beam – a beam supported on the ends which are free to rotate and have no moment resistance.
• Fixed beam – a beam supported on both ends and restrained from rotation.
• Over hanging beam – a simple beam extending beyond its support on one end.
• Propped cantilever beam– a beam fixed in one end and other end is supported by roller joint.
• Continuous beam – a beam extending over more than two supports.
• Cantilever beam– a projecting beam fixed only at one end.
TRUSS ANALYSIS
A Truss typically consisting of rafters, posts, and struts , supporting a roof, bridge or other
Structure.

The only concentrated load that acting to any truss, the load are acting only at the joint.
METHOD OF TRUSS ANALYSIS
 Method of joints: This method uses the free-body-diagram of joints in the structure to determine the
forces in each member. For example, in the above structure we have 5 joints each having a free body
diagram as follows

Note how Newton’s third law controls how one introduces on the joints A and on the joint B.
In the above example there are seven unknown member forces (FAB, FBC, FCD, FED, FEC, FBE, FAE) plus three
unknown support reactions (A, Dx, Dy), giving a total of 10 unknowns to solve for using the 10 equations obtained
from equilibrium.
2. Methods of section: This method uses free-body-diagrams of sections of the truss to obtain unknown forces. For
example, if one needs only to find the force in BE, it is possible to do this by only writing two equations. First, draw
the free body diagram of the full truss and solve for the reaction at A by taking moments about D. Next draw the free
body diagram of the section shown and take moments about E to find the force in BE.

In the method of sections one can write three equations for each free-body-diagram (two components of force and
one moment equation).
SCOPE OF WORK
 ANALYSIS OF 3D TRUSSES.
 ANALYSIS OF 3D FRAME STRUCTURE
 ANALYSING OF MULTI-STOREYRD BUILDING
 ANALYSIS OF BEAM STRUCTURE.
USES
• SAP2000 follows in the same tradition featuring a very advanced, intuitive and versatile user interface powered
by an unmatched analysis engine and design tools for engineers working on transportation, industrial, public
works, sports, and other facilities.

• From its 3D object based graphical modeling environment to the wide variety of analysis and design options
completely integrated across one powerful user interface, SAP2000 has proven to be the most integrated,
productive and practical general purpose structural program on the market today.

• This intuitive interface allows you to create structural models rapidly and intuitively without long learning curve
delays. Now you can harness the power of SAP2000 for all of your analysis and design tasks, including small day-
to-day problems.

• Complex Models can be generated and meshed with powerful built-in templates. Integrated design code
features can automatically generate wind, wave, bridge, and seismic loads with comprehensive automatic steel
and concrete design code checks per US, Canadian and international design standards.
THANK YOU