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ChE 541

Module 8
(REPUBLIC ACT NO. 9003)

Overview of Ecological Solid Waste


Management Act of 2000
Solid Waste
discarded household and
commercial waste
non-hazardous institutional and
industrial waste
street sweepings
construction debris
agricultural waste
Classification of Waste as defined by
RA 9003

Compostables Recyclables

Special Wastes Non-recyclables/residuals


Solid waste is
considered one
of the most
critical problems
of the Philippines
The Ecological Solid Waste Management
Act
RA 9003

An Act providing for an ecological solid


waste management program, creating the
necessary institutional mechanisms, declaring
certain prohibited acts.
Was passed by the Congress and Senate on
December 2000 and signed by the President
on January 26, 2001.
Salient Features of RA 9003
 Creation of the National Solid Waste Management
Commission, National Ecological Center and LGU
Solid Waste Management Boards
 Creation of multi-purpose Environmental
Cooperatives or Associations in every LGU
 Waste segregation, waste reduction and recycling
programs
Salient Features of RA 9003
 Construction of Material Recovery Facilities/Systems
 Conversion of open dumpsites to sanitary landfills
 Integration of Ecological Waste Management
concepts in academic curricula for formal and non-
formal education
 Administrative and enforcement procedures
Institutional Structure

National Solid Waste


Management
Commission

Ecological Solid
Waste
Management Act

Local Government Units Waste Generators/


Citizens
INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM
(National Level)

The National Solid Waste


Management Commission
 Created under the Office of the President
 EMB of the DENR provides secretariat support
 Secretariat to be headed by an Executive Director
to be nominated by the Commission and
appointed by the Chairman
 Composed of 14 members from the government
and 3 from the private sector
INSTITUTIONAL MECHANISM
(National Level)
Government Sector:
DENR (Chairman) PIA
DILG MMDA
DOST TESDA
DPWH League of Provinces
DOH League of Cities
DTI League of Municipalities
DA Liga ng mga Barangay

Non-Government Sector:
• 1 representative from the NGO
• 1 representative from the recycling industry
• 1 representative from the manufacturing/ packaging industry

Private sector representatives shall be appointed by the President for


a term of 3 years.
Role of the DENR
as the Lead Agency
provide technical and other capability
building assistance and support to LGUs
recommend policies to eliminate barriers to
waste reduction programs
exercise visitorial and enforcement powers to
ensure strict compliance
issue rules and regulations
National Ecology Center
 Facilitate training & education in integrated
ecological solid waste management;
 Establish solid waste management information
database;
 Establish a national recycling network;
 Provide technical assistance in pilot modeling of solid
waste management facilities.
Solid Waste Management Boards at the
Local Government Level

Consolidate Plans and


Programs,establishing activities and Provincial
complementing efforts at the local SWM Board
and barangay levels

Collection of non-recyclable materials


City/Municipal
and special wastes shall be the
SWM Board
responsibility of the municipality or city

Segregation and collection of


biodegradable, compostable, & Barangay
reusable solid wastes shall be SWM
conducted at the barangay level Committee
Functional Elements/Mechanics of Solid
Waste Management

Waste
On-site Storage
Generation

Transfer &
Transport Collection

Processing/
Disposal
Treatment
Ecological Solid Waste Management
Systematic administration of activities that
provide for segregation at source, segregated
transport, storage, transfer, processing,
treatment and disposal of solid waste and all
other waste management activities that do
not harm the environment.
Approach to Ecological Solid Waste
Management
Source reduction & minimization of
wastes
Resource recovery,
recycling & reuse at the
community/barangay level
Collection, proper transfer
& transport of wastes
by city/municipality
Management/
destruction or
reuse of
residuals / final
disposal
Requirements for Segregation & Volume
Reduction
 Separate containers for compostables,
recyclables, special wastes and residuals
 Separate collection schedules / separate
trucks or haulers / compartmentalized
collection vehicles
 Material Recovery Facilities for recyclables
& biodegradables
 Inventory of markets for composts and
recyclables
Recycling Program
Environmentally preferable purchase
Specifications, product descriptions and
standards
Eco-labeling
Non-environmentally acceptable products
Reclamation programs and buy-back centers
Management of Residuals
& Final Disposal Sites
Closure of all open dumpsites
Conversion of all open dumpsites to controlled
dumps within 3 years
Minimum requirements in siting, designing
and operation of disposal sites
Sanitary landfills
Business and Industry Role
• The Commission shall encourage commercial and
industrial establishments, through appropriate
incentives other than tax incentives to:
 initiate, participate and invest in integrated EWM
Projects
 manufacture environment-friendly products
 introduce, develop and adopt innovative processes
• recycle and re-use materials
• conserve raw materials and energy
• reduce waste
• prevent pollution
• undertake community activities to promote and
propagate
effective SWM practices
Prohibited Acts
Violation Fines/Penalties
Littering, throwing and P 300 – P1,000
dumping of waste matters Or
in public places and water Community service
bodies
between 1 – 15 days
Open burning of solid P 300 – P1,000
waste Or
Imprisonment of 1 – 15
days
Prohibited Acts
Violation Fines/Penalties
Collection and transport of P 1,000 – P 3,000
non-segregated or unsorted
waste Or
Squatting in open dumpsite Imprisonment of 15 days to
and landfills 6 months
 Open dumping, burying of
biodegradable & non-
biodegradable materials in flood
prone areas
Unauthorized removal of
recyclable materials for
collection by authorized persons
Prohibited Acts
Violation Fines/Penalties
 Operation of open P500,000.00
dumpsites Or
 Manufacture, distribution Imprisonment of 1 to 3
or use of non- years
environmentally
acceptable packaging
materials
 Importation of consumer
products packaged in
non-environmentally
acceptable materials
Prohibited Acts
Violation Fines/Penalties
 Importation of toxic wastes P 10,000 – P 200,000
misrepresented as Or
“recyclable” or “with
recyclable content” Imprisonment of 30 days to
 Transport and dumping in
3 years
bulk of collected domestic,
industrial, commercial and
institutional wastes in areas
other than centers or
facilities prescribed by law
Prohibited Acts
Violation Fines/Penalties
 Construction, expansion or P100,000 – P 1M
operation of waste management
facilities without an Or
Environmental Compliance Imprisonment of 1 to 6
Certificate years
 Construction of any
establishment within 200 meters
from open or controlled dump
sites and sanitary landfills
Construction or operation of
landfills or any waste disposal
facility within or near an aquifer,
groundwater reservoir or
watershed
Conceptual Framework of RA 9003
Municipality/ City
level Residuals Management

Collection by
municipality/city
level MRF

Non-recyclables Special
Wastes

Barangay
Compostables
Level
Recyclables Gardens/
Farms

Junkyards/Factories
END OF MODULE