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SITE SELECTION &

PLANT LAYOUT
In RELATION TO PLANT DESIGN

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SITE SELECTION
Factors that should be considered in
the process of choosing suitable
location are:
1. Raw Material Availability
2. Market Potential
3. Labour Supply
4. Reasonable Land Price
5. Strategic Location
6. Transport Facilities
7. Utilities
8. Regulations and Policy
9. Waste and Disposal Facility
10. Politics and economics

2
SITE SELECTION
Gazette Areas
- Industrial/ Petrochemical Zone
Infrastructures
Logistics
Transportations
- Air Freight
- Vessels
- Railways
- Road Tankers
- Boat
THE PROCESS PLANT
CRITERIA
 The Area/Size
 Raw Materials
 Utilities
 Products
 Time
 Manpower
 Value
SITE SCREENING - typical
THREE (3) main Areas/ Zone short listed as site alternatives
to set up a plant for production 100,000 MTA Acrylic Acid
Plant.
1. Gebeng Industrial Estate, KUANTAN, PAHANG DM.
2. SOGT (Sabah Oil & Gas Terminal), KIMANIS, SABAH.
3. RAPID (Refinery And Petrochemical Integrated
Development), PENGERANG, JOHOR DT.

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COMPARISION OF POTENTIAL
SITE LOCATION

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Characteristics Gebeng, Pahang Kimanis, Sabah Pengerang, Johor
Distance from 25 from Kuantan 45 from Kota 108.7 from Johor
nearest town Kinabalu Bharu
4 3 2
Land Price ( RM/ 9-16 10 2-8
ft2)
2 3 5
Developer / Perbadanan PETRONAS, Naim Johor Petroleum
Management
Kemajuan Negeri Holding Berhad, Development
Pahang Samsung,Korea Corporation
Berhad(JPDC)

4 4 4
Availability of raw Petronas, Kerteh Sabah offshore S&M Edible Oil (M)
material
fields Sdn Bhd

5 4 4
7
Characteristics Gebeng, Pahang Kimanis, Sabah Pengerang, Johor
Airport Facility Sultan Ahmad Shah Kota Kinabalu Senai International
International Airport
Airport

4 4 4
Road Facility East Coast Highway Kimanis NT Senai-Desaru
Highway Expressway

4 4 5
Port Facility Gebeng & Kuantan Sungai Kimanis Changi point ferry
port Sungai Papar terminal
Sungai Rengit
4 4 4
Electrical Supply TNB TNB TNB
4 4 4

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Characteristics Gebeng, Kimanis, Sabah Pengerang, Johor
Pahang
Electrical Supply TNB TNB TNB
4 4 4
Water Supply Pengurusan Air Sipitang Syarikat Air Negeri Johor
Pahang(PAIP)
3 3 4
Labour • UMP, UIA, • MARA • USM, UM, UTM
- Skill
- Half-skill POLISAS • Kota Kinabalu • Industry foreign workers
- Non-skill • Giat Mara Industrial
Training
Institute,Skills
Development
Centre in Miri
3 3 3

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Characteristics Gebeng, Pahang Kimanis, Sabah Pengerang, Johor
Preferred • Shipping • Oil and gas • Petrochemical
Industry Type
• Logistics industry
• Petrochemical • Automotive
industrial. • Pharmaceutical
3 3 4
Waste water • Petronas • Petronas • Petronas
treatment /
waste material Centralised Carigali Sdn Centralised
treatment facilities Bhd facilities

4 4 4

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Characteristics Gebeng, Pahang Kimanis, Sabah Pengerang, Johor

Incentives  General Incentives  General Incentives  General Incentives


 Incentives for R&D  Incentives for R&D  Incentives for R&D
 Pre-packaged  Pre-packaged Incentives  Pre-packaged
Incentives  Incentives for Strategic Incentives
 Incentives for Projects  Incentives for
Strategic Projects  Incentives for Strategic Projects
 Incentives for Manufacturing  Incentives for
Manufacturing Companies Manufacturing
Companies Incentives for High Companies
 Incentives for High Technology Companies Incentives for High
Technology Technology
Companies Companies

4 4 4
TOTAL 45 50 51

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PLANT LAYOUT
TYPICAL PLANT LAYOUT
COMPONENTS OF
PLANT LAYOUT
MAIN
1. PRODUCTION AREA
2. UTILITES
3. LABORATORY
4. CONTROL ROOM
5. WORKSHOP & MAINTENANCE
6. WASTE TREATMENT AREA
7. LOADING BAY
8. STORAGE (RAW MATERIALS & PRODUCTS)
9. TNB/ WATER/ FIRE STATIONS
10. ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICE
11. CANTEEN
12. MUSOLLA
13. CLINIC
14. SECURITY
15. ASSEMBLY AREAS
16. PARKING
17. FUTURE EXPANSION, ETC..
THE MAIN
PRINCIPLES
involve in the site
layout are:
1. Process Flow Considerations
2. Constructions, Operations And
Maintenance Reliability
3. Safety And Comfort Ability
4. Uniformity & Standards
5. Economic Consideration