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KINSHIP

BY
BLOOD
PRESENTED TO YOU
BY GROUP 1
WHAT IS KINSHIP?
The bond of blood and marriage which bind
people in group
According to the dictionary of Anthropology,
kinship system includes socially recognized
relationships based on supposed as well as
actual genealogical ties. This relationship is
a result of social interaction and recognized
by the society
KINSHIP BY BLOOD
UNILINEAL
PATRILINEAL
MATRILINEAL
AMBILINEAL
UNILINEAL
Most cultures severely limit the range of
people through whom descent os traced by
using a UNILINEAL descent principle.
This traces only through a single line of
ancestors, male or female.
Two basic forms of UNLINEAL are
PATRILINEAL and MATRILINEAL
UNILINEAL
PATRILINEAL
With PATRILINEAL descent, both males
and females belong to their father's kin
group but not their mother's
A woman's children are members of her
husband's patrilinela lines.
The red people below are related to each
other patrilineally.
PATRILINEAL
MATRILINEAL
To form of unilineal descent that follows a
female line is known as matrilineal.
When using this pattern, individuals are
relatives if they can trace descent though
females to the same female ancestors.
While both male and female children's are
members of their mother's matrilineal group,
only the daughters can pass through the family
line
MATRILINEAL
MATRILINEAL
In societies using matrilineal, the social
relationship between children and biological
father tends to be different.
In that case, the ego below, the man who
take formal responsiblities that European
cultures assign to a father would be his
mother's brother since he is the closest
elder make kinsmen.
MATRILINEAL
MATRILINEAL
For example, in Ashanti Kingdom of Central
Ghana, a king traditionally passes his title
and status on to his sister's son. A king's
own biological son does not inheret the
kingship because he is not a member of a
ruling matrilineal family group. Women
usually inheret status and property directly
from their mother's matrilineal societies.
AMBILINEAL DESCENT
Is an unusual descent system that, in sense,
combines unilineal patterns.
Descent from either male or female are
recognized, but individuals may select only one
line to trace the descent.
Since, each generation can choose which
parent to trace descent through, a family line is
either patrilineal or matrilineal each generation
AMBILINEAL
AMBILINEAL DESCENT
The reason for choosing one side over the
other often has to do with the relative
importance of each family.
Thus, ambilineal descent is flexible in that
people can adjust to changing family
situations.
For instance if a man marries a woman
from political family, he may agree to let
AMBILINEAL DESCENT
his children identify with their mother's family
line to enhance their prospects and standing
within the society.