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Legal Bases

of A.L.S.
in the
Philippines
Alternative
Learning System
Sept. 28, 2018
-vof-
The Alternative Learning
System(ALS)
• Empower the Filipinos

Desirable Critical Creativity


KAVS Thinking Innovation
• Reduce illiteracy
• Continue education through
basic development projects
(i.e. vocational training, leadership training, adult
training, skills training etc.)
What does ALS do?
• opens more educational opportunities
for Filipino citizens of different interests,
capabilities of demographic
characteristics, socioeconomic origins and
status
• cuts the time needed to finish high school
• provides opportunities to OSYs and
ALS Ambassador & People’s
adults, elementary and secondary school
Champ for Education drop-outs; industry-based workers;
housewives; maids; factory workers;
drivers; members of cultural minorities;
indigenous people and the
disabled/physically challenged
Alternative Learning System Legal
Bases
• Public Law 94-142 (Nov. 29, 1975)
Education For All Handicapped
Children Act
• intended to improve opportunities in education for
handicapped children and adults through the provision of a
free appropriate public education
• This law provided that handicapped children and adults
ages 3-21 be educated in the "least restrictive
environment" to the maximum extent appropriate, meaning
that they are educated with children who are not
handicapped and that special classes, separate schools or
other removal of children from their regular educational
environment occurs only when the severity of the handicap
is such that education in regular classes cannot be
achieved.
Alternative Learning System Legal Bases
• 1987 Philippine Constitution
Article XIV: Education,
Science & Technology, Arts,
Culture and Sports Education
Sec 2 par 4 & 5:
(4) Encourage non-formal, informal, and indigenous
learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent,
and out-of-school study programs particularly those
that respond to community needs;
(5) Provide adult citizens, the disabled, and out-of-school
youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency, and
other skills.
Alternative Learning System Legal
Bases
• Manual of Regulations for Private
Schools 2008
• Executive Order # 117 (January 30, 1987)

REORGANIZATION OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION,


CULTURE AND SPORTS PRESCRIBING ITS POWERS AND
FUNCTIONS AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
SEC. 5. Powers and Functions. To
accomplish its mandate and objectives,
the Ministry shall have the powers and
functions of formulating, planning,
implementing and coordinating the
policies, plans, programs and projects
for the following areas of
responsibility:
(b) Non-formal and vocational/technical
kinds of education;
• Executive Order # 117
SEC. 15. Bureau of Continuing
Education, hereby renamed as Bureau of
Non-Formal Education. The Bureau of
Continuing Education shall have the
following functions:
(a) Serve as a means of meeting the learning needs of those
unable to avail themselves of the educational services and
program of formal education;
(b) Coordinate with various agencies in providing
opportunities for the acquisition of skills necessary to
enhance and ensure continuing employability, efficiency,
productivity, and competitiveness in the labor
market;
(c) Serve as means of expanding access to educational
opportunities to citizens of varied interests, demographic
characteristics and socio- economic origins of status.
• Governance Act for Basic
Education (RA 9155)
• Proclamation # 480(Oct 16, 1989. Pres. Aquino)
SEC. 15. Declaring the Period of 1990
to 1999 as the “Decade of Education
For All”.: Creation of a National
Committee on Education For All
WHEREAS, the State shall encourage nonformal, informal and
indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning,
independent, and out-of-school study programs particularly
those that respond to community needs;

WHEREAS, the Education for All targets are universalization


of primary (elementary) education, eradication of
illiteracy and continuing education for out of school youth
and adults;
• Dep Ed Order 110, s. 1999 (Oct. 21, 1999)

Agreements between Department of


Education, Culture and Sports and
Technical Education Skills and
Development Authority
Re: Nonformal Education Accreditation and Equivalency
Secondary Level Certificate Holders
(memo based on DECS Memo # 204, s. 1998)
2. The development of Nonformal Education Accreditation and
Equivalency (NFE A&E) System as an alternative means of
certification of learning to those Filipinos aged fifteen (15)
years and above who are unable to avail of the formal school
system or who have dropped out of formal elementary or secondary
school is a core component of the PNFE Project.
3. The collaboration of Department of Education, Culture and
Sports (DECS) with the different agencies is necessary to be able
to attain its ultimate goal of eradicating illiteracy Recently,
the DECS has established linkage with Technical Education Skills
and Development Authority (TESDA) and signed a Memorandum of
Agreement (MOA) with the following commitments...
• Dep Ed Order # 22, s. 1999
Pilot Implementation of the Nonformal
Education Accreditation and
Equivalency System
• The development of a nonformal alternative system for out-
of- school youth (OSY) and adults who are unable to avail
of the educational opportunities of the traditional formal
school system, has been a dream of the Philippines
Government for over twenty years. The driving force behind
this dream has been a commitment to break the cycle between
illiteracy and poverty and provide opportunities to the
educationally disadvantaged to upgrade their skills,
knowledge and competencies, in order to improve their
social, political and economic well being. The development
of the Nonformal Education Accreditation and Equivalency
(NFE A&E) System by the Bureau of Nonformal Education
(BNFE) marks the transformation of this dream into a
reality.
• The NFE A&E System was launched by His Excellency,
President Joseph Ejercito Estrada in Aroma, (formerly
Smokey Mountain), Tondo, Manila on 25 January 1999.
• Dep Ed Order 28, s. 1999 (Mar. 16, 1999)

Revised Policy Framework for the


Implementation of Nonformal Education
Programs
1. The Bureau of Nonformal Education (BNFE) is mandated to
set national standards and a national policy framework for
the implementation of nonformal education programs of the
Department of Education, Culture and Sports. Pursuant to
this mandate, the following policy clarifications/revisions
are hereby issued:
1.1 The target learners of the DECS Nonformal
Education programs are Filipinos 15 years old and above who
are:
Out-of-School-Youth (OSY) and Adults
Functional Illiterates
Unemployed OSY and adults
Elementary and secondary school drop-outs
Industry-based workers
Differently-abled
Members of cultural communities
• Dep Ed Order 28, s. 1999 (Mar. 16, 1999)

Revised Policy Framework for the


Implementation of Nonformal Education
Programs
1.2 A new national definition of functional literacy has
recently been developed by the Literacy Coordinating Council,
necessitating a revision of the definitions and competency
parameters of the old UNESCO literacy levels. Under this new
national definition functional literacy is defined as:
“A range of skills and competencies – cognitive, affective and
behavioral — which enables individuals to:
live and work as human persons
develop their potential
make critical and informed decisions
function effectively in society within the context of
their environment and that of the wider community (local,
regional, national, global) in order to improve the quality of
their life and that of society.”
A set of major indicators of functional literacy accompany this
expanded definition of functional literacy, detailing the range of
competencies an adult Filipino citizen will need to possess to
function effectively in Filipino society as it enters the
21st century
• Dep Ed Order 28, s. 1999 (Mar. 16, 1999)

Revised Policy Framework for the


Implementation of Nonformal Education
Programs
1.3. To date, the DECS-NFE has been making use of the generic
UNESCO levels of literacy in the absence of any literacy levels or
literacy competency profiles specific to the context of the
Philippines. The Bureau of Nonformal Education (BNFE) has
developed new competency profiles for three levels of literacy
built around the new definition of functional literacy which can
be broadly described as:
Basic Literacy Level – illiterate level for those who have no
literacy skills and the first step to basic/simple literacy
towards functional literacy
Elementary Level – semi-literate level for the reinforcement
of basic reading, writing and numeracy skills to a self-
sustaining (neo- literate level)
Secondary Level – adequately functionally literate or self-
learning level for continuing education
3. Nonformal education differs from formal education in terms of
its target learners, learning strategies, delivery mechanisms and
philosophical frame of reference.
• Dep Ed Order 28, s. 1999 (Mar. 16, 1999)
Revised Policy Framework for the Implementation of
Nonformal Education Programs
FORMAL NONFORMAL
Pedagogy Andragogy
Academic Focus Functional Focus
School Learning Center
Pupil/ Student Learner
Teacher Instructional Manager/ Facilitator
Class Learning Group/ Session
Grade/ Year Level Levels of Literacy
Textbooks Learning Materials/ Modules
Lesson Plan Session Guide
Graduate Completer
Diploma Certificate
Teacher’s Manual Facilitator’s Guide
4. In order to ensure consistency of spelling and terminology usage in
documents of the DECS, the term nonformal should be a single word and
unhyphenated, i.e., nonformal not non-formal nor non formal.
References:

https://www.slideshare.net/jeph_elisha/report-on-alternative-learning-system-by-
phoebe-w-taruc

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/constitutions/the-1987-constitution-of-the-
republic-of-the-philippines/the-1987-constitution-of-the-republic-of-the-philippines-
article-xiv/

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1987/01/30/executive-order-no-117-s-1987/

http://ideasbehindmind.blogspot.com/2012/03/alternative-learning-system.html

http://www.officialgazette.gov.ph/1989/10/16/proclamation-no-480-s-1989/

http://www.deped.gov.ph/1999/10/21/do-110-s-1999-agreements-between-department-of-
education-culture-and-sports-decs-and-technical-education-skills-and-development-
authority-tesda-re-nonformal-education-accreditation-and-equiv/

http://www.deped.gov.ph/1999/03/01/do-22-s-1999-pilot-implementation-of-the-nonformal-
education-accreditation-and-equivalency-nfe-ae-system/