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A 1000 kg sportscar accelerates from zero to 25

m/s in 7.5 s. What is the average power


delivered by the automobile engine?
25% 25% 25% 25%
1. 20.8 kW
2. 30.3 kW
3. 41.7 kW
4. 52.4 kW

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A bobsled makes a run down an ice track starting at 150
m vertical distance up the hill. If there is no friction, what
is the velocity at the bottom of the hill?

1. 27 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 36 m/s
3. 45 m/s
4. 54 m/s

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A jet engine develops 105 N of thrust in moving an
airplane forward at a speed of 900 km/hr. What is the
power developed by the engine?

1. 500 kW 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 1 MW
3. 2.5 MW
4. 5 MW

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A speedboat requires 80 kW to move at a
constant speed of 15 m/s. What is the
resistive force of the water at this speed?
1. 2667 N 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. 5333 N
3. 6500 N
4. 7711 N

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A pole vaulter clears 6 m. With what
velocity does he strike the mat in the
landing area?
1. 2.7 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. 5.4 m/s
3. 10.8 m/s
4. 21.6 m/s

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A parachutist of mass 50 kg jumps out of an airplane at
a height of 1000 m. The parachute deploys, and she
lands on the ground with a velocity of 5 m/s. How much
energy was lost to air friction during this jump?

1. 49,375 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 98,750 J
3. 197,500 J
4. 489,375 J

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Water flows over a section of Niagara Falls at a
rate of 1.2 x 106 kg/s and falls 50 m. What is
the power wasted by the waterfall?

1. 588 MW 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 294 MW
3. 147 MW
4. 60 MW

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A baseball outfielder throws a baseball of mass 0.15 kg
at a speed of 40 m/s and initial angle of 30° . What is
the kinetic energy of the baseball at the highest point of
the trajectory? Ignore air friction.

1. zero 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 30 J
3. 90 J
4. 120 J

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A Russian weightlifter is able to lift 250 kg
2 m in 2 s. What is his power output?

1. 500 W 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 2.45 kW
3. 4.9 kW
4. 9.8 kW

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A worker pushes a 500 N weight wheelbarrow up a
ramp 50.0 m in length and inclined at 20° with the
horizontal. What potential energy change does the
wheelbarrow experience?

1. 1500 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 3550 J
3. 4275 J
4. 8550 J

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A worker pushes a 500 N weight wheelbarrow to the top of a 50.0 m
ramp, inclined at 20° with the horizontal, and leaves it unattended. The
wheelbarrow is accidentally bumped causing it to slide back down the
ramp during which a 80 N frictional force acts on it over the 50.0 m.
What is the wheelbarrow's kinetic energy at the bottom of the ramp?
(g = 9.8 m/s2 )
25% 25% 25% 25%
1. 4550 J
2. 6550 J
3. 8150 J
4. 13100 J

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35 36 3
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What is the kinetic energy of a 0.135 kg
baseball thrown at 40 m/s (90 mph)?

1. 54 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 87 J
3. 108 J
4. 216 J

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A 15.0 kg crate, initially at rest, slides down a ramp 2.0 m long
and inclined at an angle of 20° with the horizontal. If there is no
friction between ramp surface and crate, what is the kinetic
energy of the crate at the bottom of the ramp? (g = 9.8 m/s2 )

25% 25% 25% 25%


1. 221 J
2. 688 J
3. 10.2 J
4. 100 J

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A worker pushes a wheelbarrow with a force of 50 N over a
level distance of 5 m. If a frictional force of 43 N acts on the
wheelbarrow in a direction opposite to that of the worker,
what net work is done on the wheelbarrow?

25% 25% 25% 25%


1. 250 J
2. 215 J
3. 35 J
4. 10 J

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If during a given physical process the only force acting
on an object is friction, which of the following must be
assumed in regard to the object's kinetic energy?

1. decreases 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. increases
3. remains constant
4. cannot tell from the
information given

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As an object is lowered into a deep hole in the
surface of the earth, which of the following must
be assumed in regard to its potential energy?

1. increase 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. decrease
3. remain constant
4. cannot tell from the
information given

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When an object is dropped from a tower,
what is the effect of the air resistance as it
falls?
1. does positive work 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. increases the object's
kinetic energy
3. increases the object's
potential energy
4. None of these choices
are valid.

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The unit of work, joule, is dimensionally
the same as which of the following?

1. newton/second 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. newton/kilogram
3. newton-second
4. newton-meter

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The unit of power, watt, is dimensionally
the same as which of the following?

1. joule-second 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. joule/second
3. joule-meter
4. joule/meter

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The rate at which work is done is
equivalent to which of the following?

1. increase in 25% 25% 25% 25%


potential energy
2. thermal energy
3. potential energy
4. power

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A worker pushes a wheelbarrow with a
horizontal force of 50 N over a distance of
5 m. What work does the man do?
1. 10 J 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. 1250 J
3. 250 J
4. 55 J

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A 40 N crate is pulled up a 5 m inclined plane at a constant
velocity. If the plane is inclined at an angle of 37° to the
horizontal and there exists a constant force of friction of 10 N
between the crate and the surface, what is the net gain in
potential energy by the crate in the process?

25% 25% 25% 25%


1. 120 J
2. -120 J
3. 200 J
4. -200 J

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A 40 N crate starting at rest slides down a rough 6 m
long ramp, inclined at 30° with the horizontal. The force
of friction between crate and ramp is 6 N. What will be
the velocity of the crate at the bottom of the incline?

1. 1.6 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 3.3 m/s
3. 4.5 m/s
4. 6.4 m/s

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Which of the following is an example
of a non-conservative force?

1. gravity 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. magnetism
3. Both magnetism
and gravity
4. friction

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Which of the following is that form of
energy associated with an object's
motion?
1. potential 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. thermal
3. bio-chemical
4. kinetic

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Which of the following is that form of
energy associated with an object's
location in a conservative force field?
1. potential 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. thermal
3. bio-chemical
4. kinetic

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A 50 N crate is pulled up a 5 m inclined plane by a worker at
constant velocity. If the plane is inclined at an angle of 37° to
the horizontal and there exists a constant force of 10 N
between the crate and the surface, what is the force applied
by the worker?
25% 25% 25% 25%
1. zero
2. 20 N
3. 30 N
4. 40 N

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A small wagon moving at constant velocity carries a 200
N crate 10 m across a level surface. What is the net
work done in the process?

1. zero 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 1/20 J
3. 20 J
4. 2000 J

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The quantity of work equal to one joule is
also equivalent to which of the following?

1. watt 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. watt/s
3. watt x s
4. watt/s2

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A 3 kg object starting at rest falls to the ground from a
height of 10 m. Just before hitting the earth what will be
its kinetic energy? (g = 9.8 m/s2 and assume air
resistance is negligible.)

1. 98 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 0.98 J
3. 29.4 J
4. 294 J

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An arrow, shot straight up from a crossbow has
an initial velocity of 50 m/s. Ignore energy lost
to air friction. How high will the arrow rise?

1. 49 m 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 62.4 m
3. 98 m
4. 127.5 m

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What is the minimum amount of energy
required for an 80-kg climber carrying a 20-kg
pack to climb Mt. Everest, 8850 m high?

1. 8.67 mJ 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 4.16 mJ
3. 2.47 mJ
4. 1.00 mJ

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A professional skier reaches a speed of 56 m/s on a 30°
ski slope. Ignoring friction, what is the minimum distance
along the slope the skier would have to travel, starting from
rest?

1. 110 m 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 160 m
3. 320 m
4. 640 m

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A girl and her bicycle have a total mass of 40 kg. At the
top of the hill her speed is 5 m/s. The hill is 10 m high
and 100 m long. If the force of friction as she rides down
the hill is 20 N, what is her speed at the bottom?

1. 5 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 10 m/s
3. 11 m/s
4. She stops before
she reaches the
bottom.

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Old Faithful geyser in Yellowstone Park shoots water
more or less hourly to a height of 40 meters. With what
velocity does the water leave the ground?

1. 7.0 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 14.0 m/s
3. 19.8 m/s
4. 28.0 m/s

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An 80,000 kg airliner is flying at 900
kilometers/hour at a height of 10 kilometers.
What is its total energy (kinetic + potential)?

1. 250 MJ 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 478 MJ
3. 773 MJ
4. 10,340 MJ

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A 1200 kg automobile moving at 25 m/s has the
brakes applied with a deceleration of 8 m/s2 .
How far does the car travel before it stops?

1. 39 m 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 47 m
3. 55 m
4. 63 m

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A girl and her bicycle have a total mass of 40 kg. At the top of
the hill her speed is 5 m/s and her speed doubles as she rides
down the hill. The hill is 10 m high and 100 m long. How much
kinetic energy and potential energy is lost to friction?

1. 2420 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 1500 J
3. 2000 J
4. 3920 J

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A 60 g golf ball is dropped from a height
of 2 m and rebounds to 1.5 m. How much
energy is lost?
1. 0.29 J 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. 0.5 J
3. 0.88 J
4. 1J

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A golf ball hits a wall and bounces back at 3/4 the
original speed. What part of the original kinetic energy
of the ball did it lose in the collision?

1. 1/4 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 3/8
3. 7/16
4. It did not lose
kinetic energy.

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If both the mass and the velocity of a ball
are tripled, the kinetic energy is increased
by a factor of
1. 3 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. 6
3. 9
4. 27

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A 2 kg ball which originally has zero kinetic and
potential energy is dropped into a well which is 10 m
deep. Just before the ball hits the bottom, the sum of its
kinetic and potential energy is

1. 0 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 196 J
3. -196 J
4. 392 J

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A 2 kg ball which originally has zero potential and
kinetic energy is dropped into a well which is 10 m
deep. After the ball comes to a stop in the mud, the sum
of its potential and kinetic energy is

1. 0 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 196 J
3. -196 J
4. 392 J

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A hill is 100 m long and makes an angle of 12° with the
horizontal. As a 50 kg jogger runs up the hill, how much
work does gravity do on the jogger?

1. 49,000 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 10,000 J
3. -10,000 J
4. zero

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Two blocks are released from the top of a building. One
falls straight down while the other slides down a smooth
ramp. If all friction is ignored, which one is moving faster
when it reaches the bottom?

1. The block that went 25% 25% 25% 25%


straight down.
2. The block that went down
the ramp.
3. They both will have the
same speed.
4. Insufficient information to
work the problem.

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A simple pendulum, 2.0 m in length, is released by a push
when the support string is at an angle of 25° from the vertical.
If the initial speed of the suspended mass is 1.2 m/s when at
the release point, to what maximum angle will it move in the
second half of its swing? (g = 9.8 m/s2 )

25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 37°
2. 30°
3. 27°
4. 21°

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An automobile delivers 30 hp to its wheels when moving
at a constant speed of 22 m/s. What is the resistance
force on the automobile at this speed? (1 hp = 746
watts)

1. 18,600 N 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 410,000 N
3. 1,020 N
4. 848 N

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I use a rope to swing a 10 kg weight around my head.
The rope is 2 m long and the tension in the rope is 20
N. In half a revolution how much work is done by the
rope on the weight?

1. 40 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 126 J
3. 251 J
4. 0

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The work done by static
friction is always
1. positive 25% 25% 25% 25%
2. negative
3. along the surface
4. zero

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A simple pendulum, 2.0 m in length, is released with a push
when the support string is at an angle of 25° from the vertical. If
the initial speed of the suspended mass is 1.2 m/s when at the
release point, what is its speed at the bottom of the swing? (g =
9.8 m/s2 )
25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 2.3 m/s
2. 2.6 m/s
3. 2.0 m/s
4. 0.5 m/s

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A horizontal force of 200 N is applied to a 55 kg cart
across a 10 m level surface. If the cart accelerates at
2.0 m/s2 then what force of friction acts to retard the
motion of the cart?

1. 110 N 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 90 N
3. 80 N
4. 70 N

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A baseball catcher puts on an exhibition by catching a 0.15 kg
ball dropped from a helicopter at a height of 101 m. What is the
speed of the ball just before it hits the catcher's glove 1.0 m
above the ground? (g = 9.8 m/s2 and ignore air resistance)

25% 25% 25% 25%

1. 44.3 m/s
2. 38.0 m/s
3. 31.3 m/s
4. 22.2 m/s

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A baseball catcher puts on an exhibition by catching a 0.15 kg
ball dropped from a helicopter at a height of 100 m above the
catcher. If the catcher "gives" with the ball for a distance of 0.75
m while catching it, what average force is exerted on the mitt by
the ball? (g = 9.8 m/s2 )
25% 25% 25% 25%
1. 78 N
2. 119 N
3. 196 N
4. 392 N

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A horizontal force of 200 N is applied to move a
55 kg cart across a 10 m level surface. What
work is done by the 200 N force?

1. 4000 J 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 5400 J
3. 2000 J
4. 2700 J

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A simple pendulum, 1.0 m in length, is released from rest
when the support string is at an angle of 35° from the
vertical. What is the speed of the suspended mass at the
bottom of the swing? (ignore air resistance, g = 9.8 m/s2 )

1. 0.67 m/s 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 0.94 m/s
3. 1.33 m/s
4. 1.88 m/s

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A pile driver drives a post into the ground. The mass of the pile
driver is 2500 kg and it is dropped through a height of 8 m on
each stroke. If the resisting force of the ground is 4 x 106 N,
how far is the post driven in on each stroke?

25% 25% 25% 25%


1. 4.9 cm
2. 9.8 cm
3. 16.0 cm
4. 49.0 cm

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A 2000-kg ore car rolls 50 meters down a frictionless 10°
incline. If there is a horizontal spring at the end of the
incline, what spring constant is required to stop the ore car
in a distance of 1 meter?
25% 25% 25% 25%
1. 340.3 kN/m
2. 680.7 kN/m
3. 980.0 kN/m
4. 1960.0 kN/m

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An amount of work equal to 1 J is required to
compress the spring in a spring-gun. To what
height can this "gun" shoot a 20-gram marble?

1. 5.1 m 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 10.2 m
3. 15.3 m
4. 20.4 m

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A 60-kg woman runs up a flight of stairs having
a rise of 4 meters in a time of 4.2 seconds.
What average power did she supply?

1. 380 W 25% 25% 25% 25%


2. 560 W
3. 616 W
4. 672 W

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A 15.0 kg crate, initially at rest, slides down a ramp 2.0 m long
and inclined at an angle of 20° with the horizontal. If there is no
friction between the ramp surface and crate, what is the velocity
of the crate at the bottom of the ramp? (g = 9.8 m/s2 )

25% 25% 25% 25%


1. 6.1 m/s
2. 3.7 m/s
3. 10.7 m/s
4. 8.3 m/s

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