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CLINICAL

TEACHING
METHODS USED
IN NURSING

Presented by – LALITA
SHARMA
MSc. NURSING 1ST YEAR
1-“Good teaching is more a giving of right
questions than a giving of right answer”

Acc. To Josef Albers


1-The clinical teaching is a type of group
conference in which a patient or patients is
observed and studied , directed towards the
improvement and improvement of nursing
care.

2-Clinical teaching is a individualized or


group teaching to the nursing student in the
clinical area by the nurse educators ,staff nurse
and clinical nurse manager.
1. To provide individualized care in a
systematic, holistic approach.
2. To develop high technical
component skills.
3. To practice various procedures.
4. To collect and analyze the data.
5. To conduct research.
6. To maintain high standards of
nursing practice.
7. To become independent enough
to practicing nursing.
10.The students will develop the techniques of
observation.
11.To meet the needs of the client.
12.To improve standards of nursing practice.

13.To identify the problem of clients.


14.To learn various diagnostic procedures.
15.To develop communication skills and to
maintain interpersonal relationship.
1. Client family centered method.
2. Observation method.
3. Conference.
4. Bedside clinic.
5. Nursing round or medical round.
6. Demonstrations and re
demonstration of procedure.
7. Ward class
.. conti ....
8. ... Ward class.
9. Ward clinic.
10. Case study.
11. Group discussion.
12. Brainstorming method.
13. Process recording.
14. Laboratory method.
15. Incidental and planned health talks
16. Nursing care study.
OBSERVATION METHODS

 Observation of actual experience


in the field or of a demonstration
provides for learning through
modeling.
(Oermann)
Purposes:
Prepares learners for future experiences with clients,
giving them a perspective of what the care or specific
intervention is like

Enables them to view others in practice, which serves


as guide for the development of their own behaviors

Makes it possible for students to observe a clinical


situation with which they may not have an opportunity
to be involved themselves

Provides a means for improving their own observation


skills.
CONFERENCE:
Group conference
Staff conference
Nursing care conference
Individual conference.
It is a method of clinical teaching. It
always entails the presence of the
patient. Nursing clinics are conducted by
the head nurse or clinical instructor . The
purpose is the improvement of nursing
care.
1-To portray the nursing problems
typically associated with a particular

disease or disorder .
2-To give a vivid picture of the related nursing
care associating it with a specific individual.
 The unit must be prepared.
 Prior permission must be taken from
the patient and significant others.
 All the reports of the patient may be
kept
ready.
 The group selected should be small in
size.
 The time period should be around
30 minutes.
 Consent should be obtained from the
patient and his family.
 The environment should be conducive
for teaching.
 Proper time should be selected for
teaching , as to prevent unnecessary
interference with the patient’s routine and
student’s work.
 Student should gather around the patient .
All the student should be able to view
the patient and procedure like physical
examination, if performed.
 The clinical instructor will introduce the
group to the patient and the patient to
the group.
 He /She explain the biodata, medical
history,
treatment modalities being carried on and
be involved and asked about
his feelings towards the
treatment and nursing care.
This is followed by
discussion.
 Help in arousing interest and imitativeness
in the students.
 Encourages discussion among the
student about the patient’s problems
and its management.
 Gives an opportunity for the teacher to
evaluate or assess the knowledge and skills
in nursing care of the students in his/her
ward.
1-Patient may feel
uncomfortable if large
group of health team
members are included.
2-The may overhear the discussion and
feel bad about his disease condition.
DEFINITION-

Nursing rounds are conducted by the


head nurse/ nurse teacher for the
member of his
/her staff or students for a clear
understanding of the disease process and
the effect of nursing care for each patient.
 To observe the physical and the mental
condition of the patients and the
progress made day to day.
 To observe the work of staff.
 To make specific observation of the
patient and to give report to doctor.
 To carry out the plan made for the care of
the patients.
 Help in orienting a new nurse/student to
the patients.
 It offer a real life learning situation.
 An interesting strategy involving the
student
, teacher and the patient.
 This method is a means of testing
the student’s knowledge.
 The confidentiality of the patient
is hampered.
 Distraction are present in ward.
 An unprepared nursing rounds has
little teaching learning value.
 If the group is large , the teacher may not
be able to speak loudly .
DEFINITION-
1 An nursing care conference is a “ course of
action discussion ,the focus is on assessing
the nursing problem arriving at possible
solutions , helping staff to examine a
patient’s problem
from his point of view.”
2 “ An act of consulting together.”
There are three main
phases-

 Initial Phase

 Working Phase

 Closing Phase
1 The nursing care conference is used as a
consultation tool to help in problem
solving.
2 The teacher must be flexible and she will
help the students during discussion.
3 The conference should involve all
the students in discussion.
4 He/ she will provide ample time for
the students to think.
 It provides real practical
learning environment to the
students.
 It provides free opportunity to
think.
 Each member will be actively participating
in the conference.
 It fortifies the thinking of students,
thereby the creativity and judgment
capacity will be increased.
 Itwill be of little use if the students do
not accustom to such situation.

 There are chances of using these conference hour for


classroom teaching.
DEFINITION-
Process recording as “A verbatim
between nurse and the patient.”
Acc. To Walker
Process recording as “An exact written report
of the conversation between the nurse and
the patient during the time they were
together”
Acc. To Hudson
There are mainly three uses-

1-As a teaching – learning

tool 2-As an evaluation tool

3-As a therapeutic tool


 Improves the skill of communication
and technique of interaction.
 It improves the more specific
therapeutic conversation.
 Improves the ability to face
stressful situation.
 Provides link to theory and
practice.
 Understands the use of mental
mechanism.
 It
is time
consuming.

 Need strict
confidentiality.