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N

Mediterranean
Sea

W E

Indian
Ocean

S
Africa hosts a large diversity of ethnicities,
cultures and languages. In the late 19th century

the world's second largest and second


most-populous continent

Land Area : 30.3 million km²

Countries : 54 Countries and 2 undisputed


the world's second largest and second
most-populous continent
 T he current population of Africa is 1, 315,284,
021 based on the latest United Nations estimate.

 Africa’s population is equivalent to 16.72% of the


total world population.
 Africa ranks number 2 among regions of the
world ordered by population.
 The population density of Africa is 44 per Km²
(114 people per mi²).
GOVERNMENT
Africa’s Types of
tumultuous Government
political history Parliamentary
Republic
has resulted in
Presidential
extreme Republic
disparities Semi-presidential
between the Republic
wealth of its Monarchies
countries.
GOVERNMENT The president, as an
elected official, operates
independently of the
legislature as the executive
• PRESIDENTIAL authority.

REPUBLICS Some countries perform


true constitutional
republics. Some functions
virtual autocracies but
others installed by military
coup or civil war.

Twenty six (26) African


nations have presidential
republic governments.
GOVERNMENT Executive authority is given to a cabinet of
PARLIAMENTARY ministers rather than the president. Seven nations
possess parliamentary republic governments
REPUBLIC including South Africa, Libya, Ethiopia, Somalia,
Botswana and Mauritius.

This combines elements of presidential and


parliamentary systems. A popularly president is
SEMI-PRESIDENTIAL elected and serve as head of state, and also
REPUBLIC cabinets beholden to the legislature. 17 countries
practice this system.

Monarchies now exists only in 3 countries


MONARCHY in Africa. With the king as head of state a
prime minister as head of government.
ECONOMY
In March 2013, Africa was identified as the poorest
inhabited continent. However, the African
Development Bank reported Africa to be the
world’s second-fastest growing economy and is
expected the economy to grow progressively in the
coming years.
Several international business observers have also
named Africa as the future economic growth
engine of the world.
ECONOMIC
UNDERDEVELOPMENT
GOVERNANCE
ENDEMIC WARFARE - CORRUPTION
- FREQUENT WARFARE
AMONG TRIBAL COLONIALISM
SOCIETIES - EXPLOITED AFRICA’S
NATURAL WEALTH AT
COLD WAR LOW COST
LANGUAGE
- INCREASED THE
CORRUPTION AND DIVERSITY
DESPOTISM INFRASTRUCTURE - COMMUNICATION
DIFFICULTIES
- LACK OF INFRASTRUCTURE
INVESTMENTS
ECONOMIC PROGRESS

INCREASING BOOSTING
POLITICAL TRADE ECONOMIC
STABILITY DEBT RELIEF ACTIVITIES
GROWTH
Africa has the highest rates of
educational exclusion in the world.
Over 1/5 of the children between the
ages of 6 and 11 and 1/3 between the
ages of 12 and 14 are out of school.
Almost 60% of children in sub-
Saharan Africa between the ages of
15 and 17 are not in school. Without
government support, education in
Africa is left in the hands of
missionaries and other religious
groups.
9.
7.
4. A
5.Sub-Saharan
6.
10.8. In
UNICEF
If
The
UNESCO
There sub-Saharan
every
rate
are of
studyopposes
partnered
girl in
gross
appsin with
sub-
2012
in
3.
2. 1.
the
Saharan
Girls
Almost
Africa
Eastern
LEGO
enrollment
showed that
are 60%
has
Europe much
Foundation
Africa in
the the
and
completed
tertiary
number
of to
of
Africa,phones
mobile only about that
more
the
highest
Central likely
children
establish
even
education
primary-aged justin aan to
educational
Asia wheninstay
online
primary
sub-Saharan
children it
not
one-quarter
provides
comes
attending
training
education,
Africa to
is gender
school
theplatform
the
of
knowledge
in
pre-
disparity
Africa
that
maternal
lowest in the
out
where
primary of
sub-Saharan
exclusion school
gaps in
exist
teachers than
are
the
in the
are
accounted
in education
reached
mortality
world, foramong
150,000
rate
sitting more
would
only than
urban
teachers
8% likely
as
not in
educational
half of the
indecrease
South boys.
world.
school.
trained.
global
areas. system.
by total.
Africa
of 2014. alone.
70%.
SOLUTIONS:
 There needs to be a focus on the unglamorous area of
vocational training. The governments must work
closely with employers to find out where the skill gaps
lie.

 African schools must harness new technology.


Distance learning through internet can provide a
backstop of quality when standards vary.

 The energies of the private sector should be set free to


assist public education system. It is the responsibility
of the government to improve the teachers’ training for
quality education.
TIGER
A symbol
which
means
Africans
are
strong,
wild and
brave.
TRADITIONAL BELIEF SONG

HERITAGE AND TRADITIONAL


ARCHITECTURE CLOTHING

SPORTS LITERATURE

MUSIC AND
MEDIA
DANCE
FILM
African culture is varied and manifold,
consisting of a mixture of countries
with various tribes that each have their
own unique characteristics.
CULTURAL BELIEFS

Shamanism

Animism

Encompasses the A religious practice that


belief that there is no involves a practitioner to
separation between the interact with a spirit
spiritual and physical world and channel these
(or material) world. into these world
TRADITIONAL
SONG
CLOTHING

KANZU SHOSHOLOZA
A traditional folk song referred
to as South Africa’s second
national anthem.

KANGA
SPORTS
TRADITIONAL MASKS

BAULE MASK
Used in tribal dances during
harvest festivals to honor
distinguished visitors and
funerals.
FOOTBALL

BIOMBO MASK
Usually worn during
tribal ritual and
ceremonies.
MUSIC AND
DANCE