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BEHAVIOUR OF

RETROFITTED PILED RAFT

PRESENTED BY GUIDED BY
Anjali Satheesh Dr. Hari G
M3 Gs Professor
Roll No:01 Dept Of Civil
OVER VIEW

• INTRODUCTION
• OBJECTIVE
• SCOPE
• METHODOLOGY
• PROPOSED SCHEDULE
• REFERENCES
INTRODUCTION

• Piled rafts are hybrid foundation comprising a raft and


piles.
• This system can act as a settlement reducer.
INTRODUCTION… CONTD

• When raft is subjected to non-uniform loadings, piles of


different diameters and lengths may be required to prevent
the foundation from rotating to reduce the differential
settlement.
OBJECTIVE

• To analyse piled rafts with piles of different lengths and


diameters by finite layer method .

• To study differential settlement under non uniform loading .

• To study interactions between raft-soil-pile.


SCOPE

• Study of piled rafts and its suitability as a foundation


technique.

• Suggest its suitability in different types of soil through finite


layer method.
METHODOLOGY

• Analysis - by a combination of finite layer & finite element


methods

• The soil is divided into horizontal layers with different


material properties

• The raft is subjected to external forces and contact


stresses between piles or soil & raft.
METHODOLOGY…CONTD

(i) Pile-to-Pile – deflection of an unloaded pile due to an


adjacent loaded pile
(ii) Pile-to-Soil – deflection of the soil surface due to a loaded
pile
(iii) Soil-to-Pile – deflection of a pile due to the loaded soil
surface
(iv) Soil-to-Soil – deflection of the soil surface due to another
loaded area on the soil surface
PROPOSED SCHEDULE

Literature survey
10-10-2019

Collection of soil sample


21-11-2019

Laboratory ivestigation
5-1-2019

Software analysis
REFERENCES

• Mendonca, A. V. and Paiva, J. B. (2015). “ An elastostatic FEM/BEM


analysis of vertically loaded raft and piled raft foundation.” Engineering
Analysis with Boundary Elements, 27, 919-933
• Poulos, H. G. (2014). “An approximate numerical analysis of pile-raft
interaction.” Int. Jl. for Numerical and Analytical Methods in
Geomechanics, 18(2) 73-92.
• Reul, O. (2016). In-situ measurements and numerical studies on the bearing
behaviour of piled rafts. PhD thesis, Darmstadt University of Technology,
Germany.
• Reul, O. and Randolph, M. F. (2015). “Piled rafts in overconsolidated clay:
comparison of in-situ measurements and numerical analyses.”
Geotechnique, 53(3)301-315.
• Reul, O. and Randolph, M. F. (2013). “Design Strategies for Piled Rafts
Subjected to Nonuniform Vertical Loading.” Jl. of Geotechnical and
Geoenvironmental Eng., ASCE, 130(1)1-11