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Green Buildings

Presentation by-
Saurabh R.Mahajan
T.Y. B.Tech.(Civil)
VJTI,Mumbai
INDEX……………

1. Introduction
2. Benefits
3. National Priorities
4. Rating System
5. Checklist
6. Site selection and Planning
7. Water Efficiency
8. Energy Efficiency
9. Materials
10.Indoor environmental quality
11.Innovation and design process.

contd….
1.Introduction

The building sector in India is growing at a rapid pace and


contributing immensely to the growth of the economy. This
augurs well for the country and now there is an imminent
need to introduce green concepts and techniques in this
sector, which can aid growth in a sustainable manner.
The green concepts and techniques in the building sector
can help address national issues like water efficiency, energy
efficiency, reduction in fossil fuel use for commuting,
handling of consumer waste and conserving natural
resources. Most importantly, these concepts can enhance
occupant health, productivity and well-being.
Contd…
Against this background, the Indian Green Building Council
(IGBC) has launched ‘IGBC Green New Buildings rating
system® to address the national priorities. This rating
programme is a tool which enables the designer to apply
green concepts and reduce environmental impacts that are
measurable. The rating programme covers methodologies to
cover diverse climatic zones and changing lifestyles.

IGBC has set up the Green New Buildings Core Committee


under the leadership of Ar. Raghavendran, to develop the
rating programme. This committee comprised of key
stakeholders, including architects, builders, consultants,
developers, owners, institutions, manufacturers and
industry representatives. The committee, with a diverse
background and knowledge has enriched the rating system,
both in its content and process.
contd…..
2.Benefits of Green New Buildings

Green New buildings can have tremendous benefits,


both tangible and intangible. The most tangible
benefits are the reduction in water and energy
consumption right from day one of occupancy. The
energy savings could range from 20 - 30 % and water
savings around 30 - 50%. The intangible benefits of
green new buildings include enhanced air quality,
excellent daylighting, health & well-being of the
occupants, safety benefits and conservation of scarce
national resources.

contd…..
3.National Priorities

The IGBC Green New Buildings rating system


addresses the most important national priorities which
include water conservation, handling waste, energy
efficiency, reduced use of fossil fuels, lesser
dependence on usage of virgin materials and health &
well-being of occupants. The rating system requires the
application of National standards and codes such as the
NBC, ECBC, MoEF guidelines, CPCB guidelines, and
several others. The overarching objective is to be better
than the national standards so as to create new
benchmarks.
contd…
•Water Conservation:
Most of the Asian countries are water stressed and in
countries like India, the water table has reduced drastically
over the last decade. IGBC Green New Buildings rating
system encourages use of water in a self-sustainable
manner through reduce, recycle and reuse strategies. By
adopting this rating programme, green new buildings can
save potable water to an extent of 30 - 50%.
•Handling of Consumer Waste:
Handling of waste in buildings is extremely difficult as most
of the waste generated is not segregated at source and
has a high probability of going to landfills. This continues to
be a challenge to the municipalities which needs to be
addressed. The rating system intends to address this by
encouraging buildings to segregate the building waste.
•Energy Efficiency:
The building sector is a large consumer of electrical
energy. Through IGBC Green New Buildings rating
system, buildings can reduce energy consumption
through energy efficient - building envelope, lighting, air
conditioning systems, etc., The energy savings that can
be realised by adopting this rating programme can be to
the tune of 20 - 30%.

•Reduced Use of Fossil Fuels:


Fossil fuel is a slowly depleting resource, the world over.
The use of fossil fuel for transportation has been a major
source of pollution. The rating system encourages the
use of alternate fuel vehicles for transportation.
•Reduced Dependency on Virgin Materials:
The rating system encourages projects to use recycled &
reused material and discourages the use of virgin
materials, thereby, addressing environmental impacts
associated with extraction and processing of scare natural
resources.
•Health and Well-being of Occupants:
Health and well-being of occupants are the most important
aspect of IGBC Green New Buildings rating system. The
rating system ensures adequate ventilation, daylight and
occupant well-being facilities which are essential in a
building. The rating system also recognises measures to
minimise indoor air pollutants.
According to the Indian Green Building Council (IGBC)
Almost 14 lakh houses in India have chosen to go for a
‘green building’ tag which amounts to about 6.33 billion sq
ft (58.81 Crs SqM.) It however constitutes mere 5% of total
residential properties present in the country.
India now has an ambitious target of having 10 billion sq ft
(92.90 Crs SqM.)green building footprint by 2022. It is
expected to increase the green footprint by around 10%.
India is ranked third after China and Canada, with more
than 752 LEED-certified (Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design) projects. This is as per the LEED
annual top 10 countries and regions, announced
by USGBC (US Green Building Council).
contd…
Business potential
IGBC estimates the market potential for green building
products and technologies to be about USD 300 billion
by 2025.
There is a growing acceptance and demand for green
homes.
Builders and buyers are keen to know about the green
technology.
“Large companies such as Amazon, Google and others,
demand green features before leasing out properties.
Home buyers are also asking for green features before
buying new homes. The demand for green homes is
rising every day.
Home buyers today have started demanding green
features in products apart from the regular criteria for
selection of products such as quality, cost, etc.
State Governments including:-
West Bengal Rajastha
Punjab Haryana
Uttar Pradesh Himachal Pradesh
Jharkhand Maharashtra (Pune)

are offering additional Floor Area Ratio (FAR) ranging


from 5 to 15% for IGBC silver, gold and platinum rated
projects.

While policy initiatives promote adoption of green building


practices, cost savings and sustainable living practices
attract buyers of environment-friendly homes with green
features.
4.Rating System
The green building field began to come together more formally
in the 1990s. A few early milestones in the U.S. include:
American Institute of Architects (AIA) formed the Committee
on the Environment (1989)
Environmental Resource Guide published by AIA, funded by
EPA (1992)
EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy launched the ENERGY
STAR program (1992)
First local green building program introduced in Austin, TX
(1992)
U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC) founded (1993)
"Greening of the White House" initiative launched (Clinton
Administration 1993)
USGBC launched their Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design (LEED)
contd…
IGBC Green New Buildings Rating System guide Sept
2016
Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) has launched ‘IGBC
Green New Buildings rating system® to address the
national priorities. This rating programme is a tool which
enables the designer to apply green concepts and reduce
environmental impacts that are measurable. The rating
programme covers methodologies to cover diverse
climatic zones and changing lifestyles.
IGBC has set up the Green New Buildings Core
Committee to develop the rating programme. This
committee comprised of key stakeholders, including
architects, builders, consultants, developers, owners,
institutions, manufacturers and industry representatives.
The committee, with a diverse background and knowledge
has enriched the rating system, both in its content and
process.
A.Features:
IGBC Green New Buildings rating system® is a voluntary
and consensus based programme. The rating system has
been developed based on materials and technologies that
are presently available. The objective of IGBC Green New
Buildings rating system is to facilitate a holisitc approach to
create environment friendly buildings, through architectural
design, water efficiency, effective handling of waste,
energy efficiency, sustainable buildings, and focus on
occupant comfort & well-being.
The rating system evaluates certain mandatory
requirements & credit points using a prescriptive approach
and others on a performance based approach. The rating
system is evolved so as to be comprehensive and at the
same time user-friendly. The programme is fundamentally
designed to address national priorities and quality of life for
occupants.
Some of the unique aspects addressed in this rating
system are as follows:

Recognition for architectural excellence through integrated


design approach.

Recognition for passive architectural features.

Structural design optimisation with regard to steel and


cement. This is a developmental credit. Projects are
encouraged to attempt this credit, so as to help IGBC in
developing baselines for future use.

Water use reduction for construction. This is also a


developmental credit.
Based on the feedback from green building proponents, use
of certified green products will be encouraged. IGBC has
launched a new initiative to certify green products to
transform markets. Products would be evaluated right from
extraction to disposal.

Handholding from IGBC Counsellors will now be available


for the projects.

A site visit and audit is proposed before award of the rating.

Projects are encouraged to report energy and water


consumption data on an annual basis, to facilitate research
in this area.
B.Scope
IGBC Green New Buildings rating system® is designed
primarily for new buildings, both for air-conditioned and
non air-conditioned buildings. New Buildings include (but
are not limited to) offices, IT parks, banks, shopping
malls, hotels, hospitals, airports, stadiums, convention
centers, educational institutions (colleges, universities),
libraries, museums, etc., Building types such as
residential, factory buildings, schools, integrated
townships will be covered under other IGBC rating
programmes.
IGBC Green New Buildings rating system is broadly
classified into two types:
1.Owner-occupied buildings are those wherein 51%
or more of the building’s built-up area is occupied by
the owner.
2.Tenant-occupied buildings are those wherein 51%
or more of the building’s built-up area is occupied by
the tenants.
Based on the scope of work, projects can choose any of
the above options.
C.The Future Of IGBC Green Buildings Rating
System
Many new green building materials, equipment and
technologies are being introduced in the market. With
continuous up-gradation and introduction of new green
technologies and products, it is important that the rating
programme also keeps pace with current standards and
technologies.
Therefore, the rating programme will undergo periodic
revisions to incorporate the latest advancement and
changes. It is important to note that project teams
applying for IGBC Green New Buildings rating system®
should register their projects with the latest version of the
rating system. During the course of implementation,
projects have an option to transit to the latest version of
the rating system.
Overview and Process
IGBC Green New Buildings rating system® addresses
green features under the following categories:
A.Sustainable Architecture and Design
B.Site Selection and Planning
C.Water Conservation
D.Energy Efficiency
Building Materials and Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality
Innovation and Development
The guidelines detailed under each mandatory
requirement & credit enables the design and construction
of new buildings of all sizes and types (as defined in
scope). Different levels of green building certification are
awarded based on the total credits earned. However, every
green new building should meet certain mandatory
requirements, which are non-negotiable.
The various levels of rating awarded are as below:

Certification Level Recognition

Certified---------------------------Best Practices

Silver------------------------------Outstanding Performance

Gold-------------------------------National Excellence

Platinum--------------------------Global Leadership
5.Checklist

Checklist.docx

contd….
6.Site selection and Planning
Basic Amenities
Select a site with access to at least seven basic amenities,
within a walking distance of 1 km from the building entrance.
List of Basic Amenities:
ATM / Bank
Clinic / Hospital
Crèche / School
Grocery store / Supermarket
Laundry / Dry cleaners
Park / Garden
Pharmacy
Post office / Courier service
Restaurant / Cafeteria /Service apartment / Hotel
Sports club / Fitness center / Gym /Theatre
Utility bill payment center (Electricity / Water)
Proximity to Public Transport
Locate the building within 800 meters walking distance
from an intra-city railway station (or) a bus-stop (or) other
modes of public transport.
Shuttle Service
The project can operate or have a contract in place for shuttle
services (from / to the nearest intra-city railway station or
bus-stop), for atleast 25% of the building occupants.
Low-emitting Vehicles
1.Electric Vehicles
Use electric vehicles within or outside the site, to cater at
least 5% of the building occupants (excluding visitors).
Also, designate preferred parking spaces for such vehicles
within the site.
Additionally, the project shall install electric charging
facilities within the projects’ parking area to cater to the
electric vehicles.
2.Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Powered Vehicles
Use Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) powered vehicles
within or outside the site, to cater at least 5% of the building
occupants (excluding visitors). Also, designate preferred
parking spaces for such vehicles within the site.
Additionally, the project shall have at least one CNG filling
station within 5 km distance from the projects’ campus
entrance.

3.Charging Facilities for Low-emitting Vehicles


Provide charging facilities for low-emitting vehicles within
the site, to cater atleast 5% of the total parking capacity
(excluding visitor parking).
Natural Topography or Vegetation
Avoid disturbance to the site by retaining natural
topography (and/ or) design vegetated spaces on the
ground, for at least 15% of the site area.
Vegetation over Built Structures
Restore disturbed site area by designing vegetated spaces
over built structures and on the ground, for at least 30% of
the site area (including development footprint).
Preservation or Transplantation of Trees
Preserve or transplant at least 75% of existing fully grown
trees within the project site / campus.
Plantation of Tree Saplings
Plant tree saplings that can mature into grown up trees
within the next 5 years on the project site, as per the below
criteria (including existing and transplanted trees in the
project site).
Heat Island Reduction, Non-roof
Non-roof Impervious Areas
Provide one or combination of the following, for at least
50% of exposed non-roof impervious areas within the
project site:
Shade from existing tree cover/ newly planted saplings
within 5 to 8 years of planting

Open grid pavers or grass pavers

Hardscape materials (including pavers) with SRI (Solar


Reflective Index) of at least 29 (and not higher than 64)
Covered Parking
Provide at least 50% of the parking spaces under cover.
Heat Island Reduction, Roof

High Reflective Materials


Use material with a high solar reflective index to cover at least
75% of the exposed roof area, including covered parking.

Vegetation
Provide vegetation to cover at least 50% of the exposed roof
area, including covered.

Combination of High Reflective Materials and Vegetation


Install combination of materials with high solar reflective index
and vegetation to cover at least 75% of the exposed roof area,
including covered parking.
Outdoor Light Pollution Reduction
Reduce light pollution to increase night sky access and
enhance the nocturnal environment.

Universal Design
Design the building / campus to provide the following, for
differently abled andsenior citizens in accordance with
the guidelines of the National Building Code (NBC) of
India 2005.

Basic Facilities for Construction Workforce


Provide basic facilities for construction workforce to
exceed the guidelines of ‘The Building and other
Construction Workers Act, 1996 & Rules, 1998’.
List of Credits applicable for Green Building Guidelines
•Basic Amenities
•Proximity to Public Transport
•Low-emitting Vehicles
•Natural Topography or Vegetation
•Preservation or Transplantation of Trees
•Heat Island Reduction, Non-roof
•Heat Island Reduction, Roof
•Outdoor Light Pollution Reduction
•Universal Design
•Rainwater Harvesting, Roof & Non-roof
•Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures
•Management of Irrigation Systems
•Wastewater Treatment and Reuse
•Water Metering
•Energy Efficiency
•Ozone Depleting Substances
•Eco-friendly Refrigerants
•On-site Renewable Energy
•Energy Metering and Monitoring
•Segregation of Waste, Post occupancy
•Sustainable Building Materials
•Organic Waste Management, Post occupancy
•Handling of Waste Materials, During Construction
•Use of Certified Green Building Materials, Products &
Equipments
•Minimum Fresh Air Ventilation
•Tobacco Smoke Control
•CO2 Monitoring
•Daylighting
•Outdoor Views
•Minimise Indoor & Outdoor Pollutants
•Low-emitting Materials
(Paints, Adhesives, Carpets, Composite Wood, and New
Wood Furniture)
•Occupant Well-being Facilities
•Indoor Air Quality Testing, After Construction and Before
Occupancy
•Indoor Air Quality Management, During Construction
7.Water Efficiency

Rainwater Harvesting, Roof & Non-roof


Enhance ground water table and reduce municipal water
demand through effective rainwater management.
Design rainwater harvesting system to capture at least one
day rainfall runoff volume from roof and non-roof areas.

High Ground Water Table


In areas where the Central / State Ground Water Board
does not recommend artificial rain water recharge (or) if
the groundwater table is less than 8 meters, the project is
required to provide justification for not implementing
rainwater harvesting system.
Water Efficient Plumbing Fixtures
Enhance efficiency of plumbing fixtures, thereby
minimising potable water use.
Use water efficient plumbing fixtures (as applicable)
whose flow rates meet the baseline criteria in aggregate.
The total annual water consumption of the building should
not exceed the total base case water consumption
computed.
Landscape Design
Design landscape to ensure minimum water consumption.
Limit use of turf on the site to conserve water and / or
ensure that landscaped area is planted with drought tolerant
/ native / adaptive species.
Management of Irrigation Systems
Reduce water demand for irrigation through water efficient
management systems and techniques.
Provide or install highly efficient irrigation systems
incorporating the features mentioned below:
(Minimum four features)
Central shut-off valve
Soil moisture sensors integrated with irrigation system.
Turf and each type of bedding area must be segregated into
independent zones based on watering needs.
At least 75% of landscape planting beds must have a drip
irrigation system to reduce evaporation.
Time based controller for the valves such that evaporation
loss is minimised and plant health is ensured.
Pressure regulating device(s) to maintain optimal pressure
to prevent water loss.
Any other innovative methods for watering.
Waste Water Treatment and Reuse
Treat waste water generated on-site, so as to avoid polluting
the receiving streams by safe disposal.
Use treated waste water, thereby reducing dependence on
potable water.
Waste Water Treatment:
Have an on-site treatment system to handle 100% of waste
water generated in the building, to the quality standards
suitable for reuse, as prescribed by Central (or) State
Pollution Control Board, as applicable.
Waste Water Reuse:
Use treated waste water for at least 25% of the total water
required for landscaping, flushing, and cooling tower make-
up water (if the project uses water-cooled chillers).
Water Metering
Encourage sub-metering to improve water performance of
the building, and thereby save potable water.
Building-level Metering:
Demonstrate sub-metering for at least three of the following
water use applications,as applicable:
Municipal water supply,Bore water consumption,Treated
waste water consumption,Water consumption for
landscape requirements,Water consumption for flushing
Water consumption for air-conditioning cooling tower
makeup,Any other major source of water consumption.
Tenant-level Metering: for Tenant-occupied buildings
Demonstrate sub-metering for the following water use
applications,as applicable:
Municipal water supply / Water consumption through bore-
well (Potable water)
Water consumption for flushing (Non-potable water)
8.Energy Efficiency
Ozone Depleting Substances
Encourage use of eco-friendly refrigerants and halons in the
building, thereby minimising negative impact on the ozone
layer.

CFC-free Refrigerants
Demonstrate that refrigerants used in the buildings Heating,
Ventilation & Air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment are CFC
(Chloro Fluoro Carbon)-free.

Halon-free Fire Suppression Systems


Demonstrate that fire suppression systems used in the
building are free from Halons or any other ozone depleting
substances.
contd….
Minimum Energy Efficiency
Optimise energy consumption, to reduce negative
environmental impacts from excessive energy use.

Air-conditioned Buildings:
Design the building to comply with Energy Conservation
Building Code .

Non air-conditioned Buildings:


Non air-conditioned buildings are those which are not
serviced and will not be serviced in the future, either
through central air-conditioned systems or unitary air-
conditioners.
Building Envelope:
The project must ensure that the following building
envelope measures meet the baseline criteria.
1)Solar Heat Gain Coefficient (SHGC) *
2)Window Glazing U-value (only if WWR > 40%) **
3)Overall Wall Assembly U-value
4)Overall Roof Assembly U-value

Lighting:

The Lighting Power Density (LPD) in the building interior,


exterior and parking areas shall be reduced by minimum
10% over ECBC base case.
Air-conditioning Systems:
Projects having air-conditioners (as per criteria the defined
for non air-conditioned buildings), shall consider unitary
air-conditioners with BEE 3-star rating (or) air-conditioners
with a COP equivalent to 3.1 (EER of 10.58), or more.
Heating Systems:
Projects having more than 150 Heating degree days**
(HDD18) shall consider heating systems in proposed case
to meet a base line COP of 2.5 (EER of 8.53), when heat
pumps are installed in the building.
Fans:
Fans installed in the building shall have an efficiency
equivalent to BEE 3-star rating or more.
Pumps & Motors:
Pumps & Motors installed in the building shall have an
efficiency equivalent to BEE 3-star rating or more.
Commissioning Plan for Building Equipment & Systems
Submit a plan to show how the building would be audited
for its green building performance after occupancy, with
regard to the following:

HVAC systems - chiller, VRV systems, primary &


secondary water pumps, cooling tower, AHU fans, fresh
air fans and flow settings, fresh air treatment units, heat
recovery wheel, VFDs

Unitary air-conditioners

Temperature and RH measurements in individual spaces

Pumps & motors

Lighting systems
Renwable energy systems.

CO2 monitoring system


Energy & Water metering


Building management system


DG sets or Back-up systems


Sewage treatment plant


™ny other equipments and system


A
Submit post-occupancy survey to verify occupant

comfort (lighting levels, temperature, relative humidity,
noise levels, etc.,).
Eco-friendly Refrigerants

Encourage use of eco-friendly refrigerants in the facility,


thereby minimising impact on the ozone layer.

Demonstrate that refrigerants used in the buildings


Heating, Ventilation & Air-conditioning (HVAC) equipment
are eco-friendly and have low or no Ozone Depletion
Potential (ODP) and Global Warming Potential (GWP).

Enhanced Energy Efficiency


Optimise energy consumption, to reduce negative
environmental impacts from excessive energy use.
On-site Renewable Energy

Encourage the use of on-site renewable technologies, to


minimise the environmental impacts associated with the
use of fossil fuel energy.
Renewable energy sources include solar energy, wind
power, biomass, etc.

Off-site Renewable Energy


Encourage the use of off-site renewable technologies, to
minimise the environmental impacts associated with fossil
fuel energy use.
Energy Metering and Management

Demonstrate sub-metering for at least five of the following


energy use applications, as applicable:
Interior & Common area lighting ,Exterior area lighting,
Municipal water pumping,Ground water pumping,
Treated waste water pumping,Renewable energy
generation,Power backup systems (Generators sets, Gas
turbines, etc.,) ,Elevators, Escalators, Travelators, etc.,
BTU meter for chilled water consumption.
Any other energy consuming equipment and systems
9.Materials
Segregation of Waste, Post-occupancy
Facilitate segregation of waste at source to encourage
reuse or recycling of materials, thereby avoiding waste
being sent to landfills.
Building-level Facility
Provide separate bins to collect dry waste (paper, plastic,
metals, glass, etc.,) and wet waste (organic), at all the
floors and common areas of the building, as applicable.
Divert the collected waste to a centralised facility, which is
easily accessible for hauling.
Centralised Facility
In addition to dry and wet waste bins, provide separate
bins for safe disposal of the following hazardous waste, at
the centralised facility
Sustainable Building Materials
Encourage the use of building materials to reduce
dependence on materials that have associated negative
environmental impacts.
Building Reuse:
Ensure at least 50% (by area) of the structural and/or at
least 25% (by area) of the non-structural (interiors)
elements of the existing building are retained.
Reuse of Salvaged Materials:
Ensure at least 2.5% of the total building materials (by
cost) used in the building (as per owner / developer’s
scope) are salvaged or reused or refurbished.
Materials with Recycled Content:
Use materials with recycled content in the building (as per
owner / developer’s scope) such that the total recycled
content constitutes at least 10% of the total cost of building
materials.
Local Materials:
Ensure at least 20% of the total building materials (by
cost) used in the building (as per owner / developer’s
scope) are manufactured locally within a distance of
400 km.
Wood Based Materials:
Ensure at least 50% of all new wood based materials
(by cost) used in the building.
Organic Waste Management, Post-occupancy
Ensure effective organic waste management, so as to
avoid domestic waste being sent to landfills and to
improve sanitation and health.
Install an on-site waste treatment system for handling at
least 50% of the organic (kitchen) waste generated in
the building (including tenant-occupied areas). The
generated manure or bio-gas shall be utilised as
appropriate.
Handling of Waste Materials, During Construction
Facilitate segregation of construction and demolition waste at
source to encourage reuse or recycling of materials, thereby
avoiding waste being sent to landfills.
Demonstrate that at least 75% of waste generated during
construction (as per owner / developer’s scope) is diverted
from landfills, for reuse or recycling. Use consistent metrics,
either weight or volume, to show compliance.
Use of Certified Green Building Materials, Products &
Equipment
Use certified green building materials, products, and
equipment, so as to reduce dependence on materials that
have associated negative environmental impacts.
Ensure that the project uses at least five passive or active
green building materials, products, and equipment that are
certified by CII under Green Product Certification Programme
(GreenPro) or by a third party agency approved by IGBC.
10.Indoor environmental quality Innovation and
design process.
Minimum Fresh Air Ventilation
Provide adequate outdoor air ventilation, so as to avoid
pollutants affecting indoor air quality.

Mechanically Ventilated Spaces


Demonstrate that the fresh air ventilation in all regularly
occupied areas (owner-occupied and tenant-occupied) to
meet the minimum ventilation rates, as prescribed in
ASHRAE Standard 62.1 – 2010.

Non Air-conditioned
Provide operable windows and / or Doors to the exteriors,
in all regularly occupied areas, such that the operable area
is designed to meet the criteria.
Tobacco Smoke Control
Minimise exposure of non-smokers to the adverse health
impacts arising due to passive smoking in the building.
No Smoking
Demonstrate that smoking is prohibited in the project,
and is in accordance with the regulations of Ministry of
Health & Family Welfare, Government of India.
Outdoor Smoking Areas
In case the project has assigned outdoor smoking areas,
locate such areas at a minimum of 7.6 meters from all
outdoor air intakes (entrance doors, window openings
etc.)
Designated Smoking Rooms
Alternately, compliance can be shown through
designated smoking rooms which capture and remove
tobacco smoke from the building.
CO2 Monitoring

Continuously monitor and control carbon dioxide level in


the building to ensure occupant comfort and well-being.

Demonstrate that the project has installed CO2 sensors in


return air ducts to maintain a differential CO2 level of
maximum 530 ppm in all regularly occupied areas.

Daylighting:

Ensure connectivity between the interior and the exterior


environment, by providing adequate day lighting.
Indoor Air Quality Testing, After Construction and
Before Occupancy
Avoid occupant’s exposure to indoor airborne contaminants
before occupying the premises, so as to reduce the
adverse health impacts on building occupants.
After construction and prior to occupancy, conduct baseline
IAQ testing using testing protocols consistent with the ISO
method
Indoor Air Quality Management, During Construction
Reduce indoor air quality problems resulting from
construction activities, and promote comfort and well-being
of construction workers and building occupants.
Develop and implement an Indoor Air Quality (IAQ)
management plan during construction and pre-occupancy
phase.
11.Innovation and design process.
Provide design teams and projects an opportunity to be
awarded points for innovative performance in green
building categories not specifically addressed by theIGBC
Green New Buildings rating system and / or exemplary
performance above the requirements set by the IGBC
Green New Buildings rating system.
Innovation & Design Process
Innovation
Identify the intent of proposed innovation credit, proposed
requirement for compliance, and proposed documentation
to demonstrate compliance, and the design approach used
to meet the required measure
The project is eligible for exemplary performance ,if the
design and / or construction measures greatly exceed the
credit requirements of the IGBC Green New Buildings rating
system.
List of Base Credits eligible for
Exemplary Performance page 132 link
Optimisation in Structural Design
Encourage optimum structural design to reduce
dependence on natural resources.
Implement a comprehensive structural design philosophy
to conserve steel and cement, as compared to national
and international practices, for the building type being
designed, while maintaining structural integrity.
Demonstrate a saving of at least 5% by weight of steel
and cement
Water Use Reduction for Construction
Enhance water use efficiency, thereby minimising the use
of potable water for construction activities.
Demonstrate that the project has reduced at least 10% of
the potable water required for construction activities
(concrete mixing, plastering works and curing), as
compared to national and international practices
IGBC Accredited Professional
Support and encourage involvement of IGBC Accredited
Professional in green building projects, so as to integrate
appropriate design measures and streamline the
certification process.
At least one principal participant of the project team shall
be an IGBC Accredited Professional.
Environmental benefits:
Enhance and protect biodiversity and ecosystems
Improve air and water quality
Reduce waste streams
Conserve and restore natural resources
Economic benefits:
Reduce operating costs
Create, expand, and shape markets for green product
and services
Improve occupant productivity
Optimize life-cycle economic performance
Social benefits:
Enhance occupant comfort and health
Heighten aesthetic qualities
Minimize strain on local infrastructure
Improve overall quality of life
Better Indoor air quality.

20-40 % energy savings.

35-40 % water savings.

Good day lighting.

No sick building syndrome.

Faster patient recovery.


Examples of Green Buildings in India

ESI Hospital Peenya Bengaluru,India- Going Green


Examples of Green Buildings in India

ESI Hospital Peenya Bengaluru,India- Going Green


Examples of Green Buildings in India
Examples of Green Buildings in India

ESI Hospital Peenya Bengaluru,India- Going Green


Examples of Green Buildings in India

ESI Hospital Peenya Bengaluru,India- Going Green


Obstacles

93% of consumers worry about their home’s


environmental performance.

However, only 18% are willing to pay more to reduce the


impact.

There are higher initial costs for Green Building.

Customers are concerned they would be sacrificing


comfort.
Bibliography:

Articals and data from internet

1. IGBC website (www.igbc.in)


2. https://archive.epa.gov/greenbuilding/web/html
3. http://www.ci.austin.tx.us/greenbuilder/srcbk_6.htm
4 ttp://www.ciwmb.ca.gov/greenbuilding/Basics.htm#Benefits
5.http://www.usgbc.org/DisplayPage.aspx?CategoryID=19&htt
p://www.pprc.org/pubs/greencon/h2oener.cfm
6.www.cidco.maharashtra.gov.in/
Thank you