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Claims of Fact,

Claims Of Value
and Claims of Policy
Group 3 Report
Claims of Fact
In your Own
Understanding.
What is Claims?

-Mr. JB Marcillones
Claims of Fact
What is Fact for you?
-Ms. Divinagracia
Claims of Fact
 Asserts that a condition has existed, exists, or will
exist.
 Based on facts or data that the audience will accept
as being objectively verifiable.
Other ways to support:
-Statistics
-Examples
-Testimonies
Claims of Fact
Facts are non negotiable
-Atlas
-maps
-Reference book
-Telephone directories
-Data from scientific sources
Claims of Fact
Remember!

 Not all claims are neatly stated .


- there are exceptions to generalizations
 Qualify claims:
- generally
-Usually
-probably
-as a rule
Claims of Fact

Inference
- is a statement about the unknown on the
basis of the known.

-Difference between fact and inference is


that interference is an interpretation, or an
opinion reached after informed evaluation of
evidence
Claims of Fact
 Example:
“ Excessive television viewing has caused the steady decline
in the reading ability of children and teenagers”

Interference:
-The reading ability has declined
- the average child views television for six or more hours a
day.

The cause and effect relation noted between the facts is an


interference from the investigator
Claims of Fact

No inference can ever do more than


suggests probabilities.
Almost all claims in science are based on
inferences, interpretations of data.
Inference are important and helpful in
an argument; however, they are not
facts.
Any Question
About the
Topic?
Claims of Value
In your own
perception what is
claims of Value?
-Ms. Morales
Claims of Value

Definition:
-Attempt to prove that some things
are more or less desirable than others.
-express approval or disapproval or
taste and morality.
- Make a judgement.
Claims of Value

- attempt to prove some action, belief,


condition whether right or wrong, good or
bad.
Simple expressions of taste or likes and
dislikes.
Latin proverb “De gustibus non est
disputandum” means we cannot dispute
taste.
Claims of Value
Can be attacked or defended on
basis of standards that measure
worth of an action, belief or object.
Our likes and dislikes should be
supported by reference.
Analysis will be the same of all areas
of human experience.
Claims of Value

Two general areas in which


people most often disagree
about matters of value:
-aesthetics
-morality
Claims of Value
Aesthetics
- study of beauty and the fine arts
-controversies over works of art rage
fiercely among experts and laypeople
alike.
-the Rogerian approach to conflict
resolution can be useful in resolving
disagreements over the standards of
judging.
Claims of Value
 Morality
-value claims about morality that expresses
judgments about the rightness or wrongness of
conduct or belief.
-disagreements are as wide and deep as in the
arts, and more significant.
-Although a writer and their reader may share
many values, there are still many others they may
disagree on.
Claims of Value
- In formulating value claims, you should be
prepared to ask and answer questions
about the way in which your value claims
and those of others have been arrived at.

- Although you cannot make someone


believe that you believe, you can give
good reasons to express your opinion.
Any Question
About The
Topic?
Claims of Policy

What is Claims of
Policy for you?

-Mr. Blanco
Claims of Policy
Defintion:
-asserts that specific plans of courses of
action should be instituted as a solutions
to problems.
-almost always “should” or “ought to” or
“must” is expressed or implied in the
claim.
Claims of Policy

In defending a claim of policy, have to do a


few steps:
-make a factual claim.
-refer to values that support claim.
-then introduce policy to show why your
solution will solve the problem.
-If using Rogerian approach, you will point
out the pros and cons of the solution.
Claims of Policy

A major mistake made is ignoring the


opinions of others.
- you can only support your own
idea if you can acknowledge the other
persons perspective.
Claims of Policy

Remember!
-Keep audience in mind
-Must consider what the audience can do about the
situation.
-hope to accomplish to get the readers to consider the
situation or problem from your perspective.
-continue to think about “what do I want my readers
to do or think?”
Any question
about the
topic?