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Group Members

Name CU-ID
Ayaz Ali Khan Cu-348-2017
Husnain Khan Cu-388-2016
Anwar Ali Cu-352-2017

• Before we are going to study different types of thermometer first we

have to know
What is Thermometer?
And Why it is Important?
What is thermometer

Thermo means (heat).

And meter means to measure.

• Thermometer is an instrument that is used to measure the temperature.

Importance of Thermometer

• We can not measure the temperature by touching only because the

sense of touching helps us in finding out if the object is hot or cold but
it can not measure the temperature,
• We need a certain device that can measure the temperature accurately,
where this device is called the thermometer.
Mercury-in-glass thermometer

• The mercury-in-glass thermometer was invented by Daniel Gabriel

Fahrenheit in Amsterdam (1714).

• It is a bulb containing Mercury attached to a glass tube of narrow


• The volume of mercury changes slightly with temperature.

• Note: Mercury cannot be used to measure temperatures lower than -
39°C (as mercury freezes at that point)
• or temperature higher than 356.7°C (the boiling point of mercury)
Thermocouple Thermometer

• A thermocouple is an electrical device consisting of two dissimilar

electrical conductors forming electrical junctions at differing

• A thermocouple produces a temperature-dependent voltage as a result

of the thermoelectric effect, and this voltage can be interpreted to
measure temperature.

• Thermocouples are a widely used type of temperature sensor.

Bimetallic Strip

• The bimetallic strip thermometer is made of two metals bonded


• It is ideal for accurate calculation of high-temperature substances or


• Basically, it converts temperature into mechanical displacement.


• When the temperature rises, the strip bends towards the metal which
has a low temperature coefficient.
• On the contrary, when the temperature goes down, the strip bends
towards the metal which has a high temperature coefficient.

• Stands for:

Electrical Resistance Thermometer.

• RTD) use the physical properties of metals where the resistance

changes proportionally with temperature. This change is much more
linear than a thermocouple. The resistance change is defined by the
composition of the device’s metal’s properties and purity.