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FORMS OF BUSINESS

ORGANIZATION
Objectives:

 To identify the four forms of business


organization.
 To differentiate the forms of business
organization.
 Sole proprietorship is a business
own by only one person, usually the
individual who has day- to- day
responsibility for running the
business.
 It is easy to set up and it is less
costly among all forms of ownership.
 The owner in this organization faces
unlimited liability; meaning the creditors
of the business may go after the personal
assets of the owner if the business
cannot pay them.
 The sole proprietorship form is usually
adopted by small business entities.
Advantages
 Easiest and least expensive form of
business to organize.
 Sole proprietors are in complete control,
and within the parameters of the law, may
make decision as they see fit.
 Profits from the business flow through
directly to the owner’s personal tax return .
 The business is easy to dissolve if desired.
Disadvantages
 Sole proprietors have unlimited liability and are
legally responsible for debts against the
business. Their business and personal assets at
risk.
 May be at a disadvantage in raising funds and
are obtain limited to using funds from personal
savings or consumer loans.
 Some employee benefits such as owners
medical insurance premiums are not directly
deductible from business income ( only
partially as an adjustment to income ).
Partnership
 a partnership is a business owned by
two or more persons who contribute
resources into the entity.
 The partners divided the profit of the
business among themselves.
 In general partnerships, all partners
have unlimited liabilities. In limited
partnerships, creditors cannot go after
the personal assets of the limited
partners.
Advantages
 Partnership are relatively easy to establish;
however time should be invested in
developing the partnership agreement.
 With more than one owner, the ability to
raise funds may be increased.
 The profits from the business flow directly
through to the partners personal tax
return.
 Prospective employees may be attracted to
the business if given the incentive to
become a partner.
Disadvantages

 Partners are jointly and individually liable


for the action of the other partner.
 Profits must be shared with others.
 Since the decisions are shared, the
disagreement can occur.
Corporation

 A corporation is a business organization


that has a separate legal personality from
its owners. Ownership in a stock
corporation is represented by shares of
stocks.
 The owners (shareholders) enjoy limited
liability but have limited involvement in
the company’s operations.
Advantages

 Shareholders have limited liability for the


corporation’s debts or judgments against the
corporation.
 Generally shareholders can only be helped
accountable for their investments in stock of
the company.
 Corporations can raise additional funds
through the sale of stocks.
 A corporation may deduct the cost of
benefits it provides to officers and
employees.
Disadvantages
 The process of incorporation requires more
time and money than other forms of
organization.
 Corporation are monitored by federal, state
and some local agencies, and as a result
may have more paperwork to comply with
regulations.
 Incorporating may result in higher overall
taxes. Dividends paid to shareholders are
not deductible from business income; thus
income can be taxed twice.
Cooperative
 A cooperative is a business organization
owned by a group of individuals and is
operated for their mutual benefits.
 The persons making up the group are
called “members”.
 Cooperative may be incorporated or
unincorporated.
Pens up!
Q1-4. Enumerate the four forms of business
organization.

Q5-10.Give ONE advantage and ONE disadvantage


of each business organization’s form.

Q11. ___________ is a business own by only one


person, usually the individual who has day- to- day
responsibility for running the business.
Q12. ___________ is a business organization
owners (shareholders) enjoy limited liability but
have limited involvement in the company’s
operations.

Q13.___________ is business owned by two or


more persons who contribute resources into
the entity.

Q14.___________ is a business organization


owned by a group of individuals and is
operated for their mutual benefits.
For no. 15.
Bonus