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# STRAIGHT LINE

STRAIGHT LINE
STRAIGHT LINE
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
STRAIGHT LINE EQUATIONS
EXAMPLES

Example 1:
What is the distance between line x + 2y + 8 = 0 and the
point (5, -2)?
EXAMPLES

Example 2:
Determine the slope of the line 3x + 4y = 7.
EXAMPLES

Example 3:
The equation of a given line is 3x + 4y = 24. Find the
angle between the line and the x-axis.
EXAMPLES

Example 4:
If the points (-2, 3) and (-3, 5) lie on a straight line.
Find the equation of the line.
EXAMPLES

Example 5:
Find the equation of the line through point (3, 1) that is
perpendicular to the line x + 5y + 5 = 0.
EXAMPLES

Example 6:
If the distance between points A(2, -5) and B(x, 7) is 13
units, solve for x.
CONICS
CONIC
SECTIONS
CONIC
SECTIONS
CONIC
SECTIONS
CIRCLE
Circle is a locus of a point which moves at a constant
distance from a fixed point called the center and the
constant distance of any point from the center is called the
CIRCLE
Equation of Circle
1. General Form : Ax2 + By2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 (A = B)
2. Standard Form
a. Center at origin : C (0 , 0) b. Center at ( h , k) : C (h , k)

(x – h)2 + (y – k)2 = r2

x2 + y2 = r2
CIRCLE
Example 1:
A circle has the equation x2 + y2- 6x + 12y + 9 = 0.
(a) Find the radius of the circle.
(b) Find the center of the circle.
(c) What is the distance from the center of the circle
to the line y = 2x + 10.
PARABOLA

Parabola is a locus of
points which are
equidistant from a fixed d2

d1 2a

## fixed line called the (0, 0)

(a, 0)

directrix.
2a

d1 = d2
Eccentricity : e = d1/d2 = 1
Latus Rectum : LR = 4a
PARABOLA

Equation of Parabola
d2
1. General Form d1 2a

## a. Axis parallel to x. (0, 0)

(a, 0)

Ax2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0 2a

b. Axis parallel to y.
By2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
PARABOLA

Example 1:
A parabola has an equation of x2 = 20y.
(a) Compute the latus rectum of the parabola.
(b) Locate the coordinates of the focus of the parabola.
(c) Determine the equation of the directrix of the parabola.
PARABOLA

Example 2:
A parabola having its axis parallel to the y-axis has its
focus at (5, 6) and vertex at (5, 4).
(a) Compute the length of the latus rectum.
(b) Compute the distance from the vertex to the directrix
of the parabola.
(c) Compute the area between the curve and the line y = 6 .
PARABOLA

Example 3:
A parabola has its focus at (7, -4) and its directrix has an
equation equal to y – 2 = 0.
(a) Find the vertex of the parabola.
(b) Compute the length of latus rectum.
(c) Compute the equation of parabola.
C = center of ellipse
ELLIPSE F1 & F2 = the two fixed points called foci
V1 & V2 = vertices of ellipse
Ellipse is a locus of a a + a = length of major axis = d1 + d2
point whose sum of the
distances from two fixed
points called the foci is
constant and is equal to the
length of the major axis,
2a.
ELLIPSE
ELLIPSE

Equation of Ellipse

1. General Form
a. Major axis parallel to x.
Ax2 + By2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
b. Major axis parallel to y.
Bx2 + Ay2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
ELLIPSE

Example 1:
An ellipse has an equation equal to 9x2 – 144x + 16y2 + 96y +
144 = 0.
(a) Compute the center of the curve.
(b) Compute the eccentricity of the curve.
(c) Compute the length of latus rectum.
ELLIPSE

Example 2:
An ellipse has an equation equal to 9x2 + 4y2 – 72x - 24y +
144 = 0.
(a) Compute the location of its vertices.
(b) Compute the distance between the foci.
(c) Compute the distance from the center to one of its
directrix.
ELLIPSE

Example 3:
The distance between the foci of an ellipse is equal to 8 and
the second eccentricity is equal to 1.333.
(a) Compute the length of the latus rectum.
(b) Compute the distance between the directrix.
(c) Compute the perimeter of the curve.
C = center of ellipse
HYPERBOLA F1 & F2 = the two fixed points called foci
V1 & V2 = vertices of ellipse
Hyperbola is a locus of a + a = length of major axis = d2 – d1
a point whose difference of
the distances from two fixed
points called the foci is
constant and is equal to the
length of the transverse axis,
2a.
HYPERBOLA
HYPERBOLA

Equation of Ellipse

1. General Form
a. Transverse axis parallel to x.
Ax2 - By2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
b. Transverse axis parallel to y.
By2 - Ax2 + Dx + Ey + F = 0
HYPERBOLA

Example 1:
A hyperbola has an equation of 16x2 – 9y2 - 128x - 90y – 113 = 0.
(a) Compute the coordinates of the center of the curve.
(b) Locate the position of the vertices of the curve.
(c) Locate the position of the focus of the curve.
HYPERBOLA
V

V a
a

Example 2:
The equilateral hyperbola xy = 8 has the x-axis and y-axis
asymptote.
(a) Determine the distance between the vertices.
(b) Compute the length of the conjugate axis.
(c) Compute the eccentricity of the hyperbola.
HYPERBOLA

Example 3:
The length of the latus rectum of a hyperbola is equal to 18 and
the distance between the foci is 12.
(a) Find the equation of the curve if the conjugate axis is
parallel to the y-axis.
(b) Compute the length of the transverse axis of the hyperbola.