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TWO WHEELER AND FOUR WHEELER

SECURITY SYSTEMS
TYPES OF CAR SECURITY SYSTEMS

 Alarm Sirens
 Steering Wheel Locks

 Immobilizer Systems

 Remote Alarms

 Flashers Warning Lights

 Keyless Entry Systems

 Remote Locks
STEERING LOCK

 steering lock was the


latest technology and
these are still used
to good effect today.
A good, strong lock
that fixes your
steering wheel to
your brake pedal will
certainly make your
car hard to drive if it
can’t be removed.
CAR ALARM
 Systems that set off a very loud
alarm when the car is tampered
with have been the most common
type of car security over the last
few decades. These are
particularly useful when the
owner is within hearing range of
the alarm. These are a very good
deterrent if the person stealing
the vehicle can’t turn the alarm
off as they will be drawing
attention to themselves wherever
they go…

 DISADVANTAGE ?
HOW ALARM WORKS

 A unit will typically contain a shock sensor and


two wires (12 volt constant power and ground)
which are connected to the car's battery. This
type of alarm is triggered by vibration
transferred to the shock sensor, or by voltage
changes on the input (the alarm assumes that
a sudden change in voltage is due to a door or
trunk being opened)
IMMOBILISER

 An immobiliser or immobilizer is an electronic


device fitted to an automobile which prevents
the engine from running unless the correct key
(or other token) is present. This prevents the
car from being "hot wired" after entry has been
achieved.
HOW IMMOBILISER WILL WORK

 The microcircuit inside the key is activated by a


small electromagnetic field which induces
current to flow inside the key body, which in
turn broadcasts a unique binary code which is
read by the automobile's ECU. When the ECU
determines that the coded key is both current
and valid, the ECU activates the fuel-injection
sequence.
IMMOBILISER – ADDITIONAL FEATURES
 In some vehicles, attempts to use an unauthorized or "non-
sequenced" key cause the vehicle to activate a timed no-
start condition and in some highly advanced systems, even
use satellite or mobile phone communication to alert a
security firm that an unauthorized attempt was made to
code a key.

 Coincidentally, this information is often recorded in modern


automobile ECUs, which may record many other variables
including speed, temperature, driver weight, geographic
location, throttle position and yaw angle. This information
can be used during insurance investigations, warranty claims
or technical troubleshooting.
VEHICLE TRACKING SYSTEMS USING GPS

 GPS fitted cars; ambulances, fleets and police


vehicles are common sights on the roads of
developed countries
 Known by many names such as

Automatic Vehicle Locating System (AVLS),


Vehicle Tracking and Information System (VTIS),
Mobile Asset Management System (MAMS)
GPS BASED VTS

VTS consist of three subsystems:


a) In-vehicle unit (IVU),
b) Base station and
c) Communication link

The IVU includes a suitable position sensor


and an intelligent controller together with
an appropriate interface to the
communication link

A more common technique used is direct radio


link (DRL). In this system dedicated radio
infrastructure is used along with special IVU to
compute vehicle location
IN VEHICLE UNIT
BASE STATION