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MARPOL Annex

ME 184862 – Marine Safety Environmental Managament

Arranged By :
Fathur Rachman 04211641000011
Aisyah Fitri Azalia 04211741000009
Sheraszet Hissi A 04211741000028
Muzami Thahir 04211741000029
What is MARPOL??
 MARPOL (Marine Polution) is a regulation
Internasional which aims to prevent the
occurrence of pollution at sea. Every
system and existing equipment on board
which is supporting this rule must have
certification from klas.
 The following scope of MARPOL, where
each ship must come a variety of system
corresponding to this Regulation:
History of MARPOL
 The history of Marpol goes back to
1954 when the first conference related
to sea pollution known as “the
International convention for the
prevention of pollution of the sea by
oil” (OILPOL) was held. The were
transferred to the International
Maritime Organization (IMO).
conference was first organized by the
United Kingdom; however later on, all
the regulations and functions related
to the convention
MARPOL
Annex I : Regulations on prevention of
pollution by oil (2 October 1983)
 The total hydrocarbons (oily waters, crude, bilge water,
used oils, etc.) that are permitted to be disposed of into
the sea by a ship must not exceed 1/15000 of the total
shipload. In addition, waste disposal must not exceed 60
liters per mile on a boat trip and is calculated after the
ship is more than 50 miles from the nearest shore. The
Ship Register must list the types of waste carried /
produced and the amount of waste oil present. Ship
registers must be reported to port officials.
Annex I : Regulations on prevention of
pollution by oil
1. Oil Record Book

Oil record book is a ship record of all activities


related to oil. Starting from the process of cargo discharge,
slop tank discharge, cleaning of cargo tanks, and so on. All
forms of recording must always be on board, if there are
periodic checks or local inspections.
Annex I : Regulations on prevention of
pollution by oil
2. Oil discharge monitoring system
is a system which controls the level of the oil in the
water that will be dumped into the sea. The monitoring
system should function properly in a variety of
environmental conditions to monitor and control all manner
of disposal of oil into the sea due to the disposal of dirty
ballast water and all kinds of oil mixed with water from the
cargo tanks to the sea which is not controlled by system
monitoring is a form of trespass.
Annex I : Regulations on prevention of
pollution by oil
2. Oil discharge monitoring system
The monitoring system consists of:
 Oil meter to measure the levels of oil in water
 The ship's speed indicator to know the ship's speed (in knots)
 Ship position indicator to know the position of the vessel
 Discharge control to regulate the disposal of oil
 The data recorder to record data on time discharge
 The data display to show the data when the discharge is in
progress
Annex I : Regulations on prevention of
pollution by oil
2. Oil discharge monitoring system

This system is connected to an


alarm that will sound and
automatically closes the drain if
the oil mixed with water released
exceeds 30 liters per nautical mile
and the oil content is disposed of
more than 15 ppm (parts per
million).
Regulations on
prevention of pollution
by oil
Annex II : Control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances ( 6 april 1987 )
 This rule contains around 250 types of goods that may
not be disposed of into the sea, can only be stored and
then processed when they arrive at the port. Prohibition
of disposal of waste within 12 nautical miles of the
nearest shore.
Annex II :Control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances ( 6 april 1987 )
The categories of chemicals referred to in this annex are:
 Category X:
NOx if thrown into the sea is considered to cause the highest level of danger to the marine
environment, human health, so it is given a ban on the disposal of this type of chemical.
 Category Y:
NOx if thrown into the sea poses a danger to the marine environment and human health, so
it is given a limit on the amount and quality of these chemicals to be disposed of into the
sea.
 Category z:
NOx if discharged into the sea poses a relatively small danger to the marine environment
and human health, so that there are not too strict restrictions on the disposal of these
chemicals into the sea.
Annex II :Control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances ( 6 april 1987 )
Annex II :Control of pollution by noxious
liquid substances ( 6 april 1987 )
Annex III :Prevention of pollution by harmful
substances in packaged form ( 1 july 1992 )

 This rule contains around 250 types of goods that may not
be disposed of into the sea, can only be stored and then
processed when they arrive at the port. Prohibition of
disposal of waste within 12 nautical miles of the nearest
shore.
Annex III : Prevention of pollution by harmful
substances in packaged form ( 1 july 1992 )

 The dangerous substances and packaging in question are


substances that fall under the criteria of the IMDG
(International Maritime Dangerous Good) code. This
regulation is intended to prevent the occurrence of
marine pollution by items that have dangerous properties
(both physical and chemical) so that they need to get
special treatments. As the implementation of these rules,
several procedures must be carried out as follows:
Annex III : Prevention of pollution by harmful
substances in packaged form ( 1 july 1992 )

1. Packing:
Packaging must be sufficient to minimize the danger that
might be caused to the environment.

2. Marking and labeling:


Packaging containing hazardous substances must be
equipped with detailed information and attached to the
label that is a marine pollutant. Material for marking and
labeling must last for 3 months of shipping.
Annex III : Prevention of pollution by harmful
substances in packaged form ( 1 july 1992 )
3. Documentation:
All items must be equipped with certificates as material
for inspection.
4. Stowage:
All dangerous goods must be stored safely so that they do
not cause pollution to the marine environment without
endangering the ship and its passengers.
5. Quantity limitations:
Limitation of the amount of substance that could harm the
marine environment.
Annex III : Prevention of pollution by harmful
substances in packaged form ( 1 july 1992 )
Annex IV : Prevention of pollution by sewage
from ships ( 27 september 2003 )

 This rule is specifically for faecal waters and rules of


contamination that can be accepted at certain levels
(limits). Germicidal liquids (disinfectants) can be
discharged into the sea with a distance of more than 4
nautical miles from the nearest beach. Unprocessed
wastewater can be discharged into the sea with a distance
of more than 12 nautical miles from the nearest beach
provided that the ship sails at 4 knots.
Sewage
Discharge
Regulation
Annex IV : Prevention of pollution by sewage
from ships ( 27 september 2003 )
Annex V : Prevention of pollution by garbage
from ships ( 31 december 1988)
 Rules that prohibit the disposal of plastic waste into the
sea.
 Some types of waste can be classified as follows:
1. Plastic (synthetic rope, mesh, plastic bags, etc.)
2. Mixed waste
3. Leftovers
4. Paper, fabric, glass, metal,
Annex V : Regulation on prevention of
pollution by garbage

 Some types of waste can be classified as follows:


1. Plastic (synthetic rope, mesh, plastic bags, etc.)
2. Mixed waste
3. Leftovers
4. Paper, fabric, glass, metal,
Annex V : Regulation on prevention of
pollution by garbage
 Regulatory implementation:
1. Installation of placards
Each boat with a length of more than 12 meters must have a placard
available as a warning t the ship's crew about garbage disposal.
2. Ship garbage management plan
Each ship above 400 tons GT and ships with a crew capacity of 15
people or more must ave a garbage management plan that all crew must obey.
This includes the separation of waste by type,and installation of treatment
facilities for waste, for example: incinerators
3. Ship garbage record book
Each ship above 400 tons GT and ships with a crew capacity of 15
people or more must be able to show the garbage record book to the port when
it will dock.
Annex V : Regulation on prevention of
pollution by garbage
Annex VI : Prevention of air pollution by
ships
 This rule cannot be effectively implemented because there is
not enough state ratification (signing an agreement.)
MARPOL 1973/78 contains regulations to prevent the
minimum amount of oil that pollutes the sea. However, later
in 1984 several modifications were made which emphasized
prevention only on the operation of tanker ships in Annex I
and which were mainly the necessity of ships to be equipped
with Oily Water Separating Equipment and Oil Discharge
Monitoring Systems.
Annex VI : Prevention of air pollution by
ships
New Proposed Marpol Annex
Annex VII : Preventing Pollution from Ship By
Ballast Water
Annex VIII : Prevention of pollution by anti
fouling paint from ships
Annex IX : Prevention of pollution by noise
from ships
Annex IX : Prevention of pollution by
vibration from ships
ANY QUESTION????
Wassalamualaikum Wr.Wb
Selamat Tinggal
Au Revoir
Adiós
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