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INTER-SUBJECTIVITY

What is Inter-subjectivity?

Relationship between a person and the other where the


other is not alien to me and does not transcend my own
nature but rather is inside me. (Ferrarillo 2012)

sharing the subjective states by two or more individuals


(Scheff 2006)
Inter-subjectivity

• One interesting aspect of existentialism is the concept of “Inter-


subjectivity” – the idea that truth is relative to the agreement within
a particular community

• “Man is nothing else than a series of undertakings, that he is the sum, the
organization, the assemble of the relationships which make up these undertakings”

• A person “cannot be anything unless others recognize it as such . In order to get any
truth about myself. I must have contact with another person.”
Inter-Subjectivity

• Inter-subjectivity, a term originally coined by the


philosopher Edmund Husserl (1859–1938), is most
simply stated as the interchange of thoughts and
feelings, both conscious and unconscious, between two
persons or “subjects,” as facilitated by empathy.
ACCEPTING DIFFERENCES AMONG
PEOPLE
Accepting Differences among People

• WHO WE ARE DETERMINES HOW WE VIEW OTHERS

• We cannot separate our identity from our perspective. All that we are
and every experiences we have had color how we see things.
Accepting Differences among People

• WHO WE ARE DETEMINES HOW WE VIEW LIFE

• We all have personal frame of references that consist of our attitudes,


assumptions, and expectations concerning ourselves, other people
and life.
Accepting Differences among People

• WHO WE ARE DETERMINES WHAT WE DO.

• These determine what we do to ourselves and to others. We cannot


separate them, and if we expect good results different from our own
making, we are disappointed.
Person With Disabilities
• This term refers to those person with impairment and
obstacles such as physical barriers and prevailing
attitudes that prevent their participation in society.
“Do not neglect to do good and to share what you have, for
such sacrifices are pleasing to God. “Hebrew 13:16

“Let each of you look not only to his own interest, but also to
the interest of others.”
Philippians 2:4
APPRECIATING THE TALENTS OF PERSONS
WITH DISABILITIES AND UNDER-
PRIVILAGED PERSON
THE STATES OF PERSON WITH
DISABILITIES IN THE PHILIPPINES,
UNITED STATES, AFRICA AND OTHER
NATIONS
1900’s – People with disabilities have pushed for recognition of
disability as an aspect of identity that influence that
experiences of an individual, not as the sole-defining feature of
a person.

1800’s – People with disabilities were considered meager,


tragic,, pitiful individuals unfit and unable to contribute to
society, except to serve as a ridiculed objects of entertainment
in circuses and exhibitions.

1930 – US saw the introduction of many new advancement in


technology, contributing self-reliance and self-sufficiency
people.
Pres. Franklin Delano Roosevelt – the first president with disability, was a great
advocate for the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, but still operated under
the notion that disability was an abnormal, shameful condition, and should be
cured or fixed.

1940’s- 1950’s
• The U.S Rehabilitation ACT of 1973 – Provides equal opportunity for
employment within the federal government and in federally funded programs,
prohibiting discrimination on the basis of either physical or mental disability.

• Section 504 of Rehabilitation Act also established the Architectural and


Transport Barriers Compliance Board, mandating equal access to the public
service.

• 1975 the education for all the handicapped children act was passed to
guarantee equal access to public education for the children with disabilities.

• ADA (American with Disabilities) 1980 – an act to ensure equal treatment and
equal access of people with disabilities to employment prohibit discrimination
on the basis of disability in: employment services rendered by the government
Assignment:
1. How do you treat with a person with a disability?

2. How can we help a physically disabled person?

3. What is Republic Act 7277 concerning about PWD? What is your


opinion about this law?
PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES IN
OTHER PARTS OF THE WORLD
Pre-Colonial Era
HISTORICAL
ANALYSIS
Colonization Era

Missionary Era
Factors Associated With
Independence In Contemporary
Society
RURAL AREA URBAN AREA
Factors Associated With
Individual Independence
AGE AT
PARENTAL
ONSET OF
INFLUENCE
DISABILITY

EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL
STATUS BARRIERS
COMMON KNOWLEDGE SHOWS THAT HELP
CAN HAVE THE FOLLOWING EFFECTS:

ACCELERATE PROCESS
- making mobility easy

RETARD PROCESS
- delayed progress
Talented Underprivileged
Sectors of Societies
School for Experiential & Entrepreneurial
Development (SEED)
SEED aims to provide
education-based solution
to rural development
through education and
hands-on learning

Aims to end poverty for


Filipino families by first
restoring the dignity of
the poor.
Farm Village University

“Our ambition is simple: in 10 years time, many children of the poor will become successful
business owners, not laborers. The basic problem of education is we are educated not to
become producers but as consumers. We are educated to be job seekers, not job givers.”
- Tony Meloto, GAWAD Kalinga (GK) Founder
Activities Undertaken by Social Agencies that
Demonstrate the Talents of Persons with Disabilities
(PWD’s) and Other Sector of Society

Cyberspace Provides a Limitless Amount


of Opportunities for PWD’s
“Persons with disabilities who have
difficulty in mobility like our
wheelchair users are the blind, to
some extent, can already take
advantage of the limitless jobs
available online.” – Bettina Quimson,
from DOST-ICT Office
“What’s important right
now is na-prove ko na
kahit yung persons
with disabilities pwede…
Na walang hindi kayang
gawin.”

ARNOLD BALAIS
Power Lifter, Swimmer, and Mountain Climber
“The challenges in our
lives are there to
STRENGTHEN our
CONVICTIONS. They are
NOT there to run us
over.”

NICK VUJICIC
Christian Evangelist & Motivational Speaker