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Bojana Brajovic 14/13

‘Thatis a good book which is

opened with expectation and
closed with profit.’
At the beginning of the 21st century, most of the teachers still work on the bases of the traditional teaching. Now, it is necessary
to move away from that point, because today most of the language classrooms resemble to each other. We need to change
that, and we need to see great value of the practical side of Methodology. The teacher is a guide in the process of
learning. He/she is an explainer, facilitator, planner, role-model, information provider, assessor, controller. Learner’s
roles are: listener, writer, independent researcher, team member, speaker, word builder. A tool that every teacher need in
order to establish relationship with the learner is a textbook. A good textbook is something that we all must have, it is
the teacher’s working tool. I think that we all should be included in process of creating a magnificent textbook which will
be an interesting guide for every learner through new worlds, new words and new cultures.
It is not possible to create different book for every individual, but we all must have in our minds the importance of
acknowledging each student’s individuality and learn to deal with the classroom physically in such a way that would
encourage student’s creativity and motivation and provoke their participation. Every teacher should organize the
program of the teaching to fit student’s interests and encourage groupings and better cooperation. Also, certain freedom
that is given to the students should not be restricting for the teacher but rather liberating. It could become the source of
teacher’s own creativity and motivation, as well. For language teacher, it is of the crucial importance to provide a variety
of different learning experiences and strategies, in order to become an enthusiastic and successful in transferring
knowledge to the students. Every learner looks forward participating in every language lesson if the teacher gives them a
meaningful motive.
Children always look into the future with a lot of enthusiasm, optimism and strength. They look forward to new day, to
explore new things, to experience and to feel the wind from the different countries. In this work I will try to present my
vision of modern textbook for High School learners. New textbook must provide (offer) satisfaction. Entertainment,
challenge, and all that in order to acquire knowledge.
 Throughout the first year of my teaching experience, I have realized that every teacher should try not to bother
students with exhausting grammatical explanations, drills and tasks. High school learners see each other as adults
who don’t want to learn with strict tutors, but they would enjoy the ‘company’ of flexible, modern, creative and
motivating teacher who is, after all, their friend.

 The opening unit of every book should include and interesting episode that needs to be long enough to explain the
importance of learning English language, but also, not too long. It should contain facts from the real world. A
textbook should contain 6 – 7 units, and every unit could contain a culture or literature corner, interesting texts for
reading, challenging listening, writing and speaking exercises and, at the very end of the unit, revision. Revision
must include vocabulary connected to the main topic of the unit, grammar and of course, topics for discussions,
tasks for presentations, homework assignments, research papers, etc.

 Unit 1 *The world is mine* (it sound enthusiastic and provokes attention and motivation to create great ideas)
1. AN EPISODE (few friend are talking about their future plans, what are they going to study/work in the
2. Think and speak!!!
2a) How do you see yourself in the future?
2b) What are your goals?
2c) How would you react if your potential future job includes travelling and communication with strangers?
What would you do?
2d) How would you describe your perfect job?
2e) How would you describe your perfect English language class and perfect textbook for that class?

This is my vision of the first few classes at the beginning of the school year. According to responses, I would make
a note for every learner in order to organize lessons that will provoke student’s interest and motivation. High
school learners are already introduced with grammatical structures, tenses, rules and during the High school
education they should develop their speaking abilities more and more. The teacher needs to be creative enough to
refresh their previous knowledge through all four skills.
 Listening exercises are far more interesting if they are combined with watching, I mean, not only listening to the tape.
Nowadays, it is exceeded. Writing exercise are not favorite one for High school learners, but it also can be very
entertaining if they are created to be solved in group or pair work, or for example:

a) Create a presentation with your friend, topic-Ancient culture (your choice), collect information, write a story and
present it to your class;
b) Choose one friend and write a newspaper article, choose your own topic, make it entertaining and fun for your
c) Organize a debate/discussion board with your friends, topic- Modern education. Write your own opinion, list
examples and than discuss with others.

It is clear that writing and speaking exercise are in a way inseparable and this way, learners will be much more motivated to
work and develop their skills. Speaking activities are always more motivating if include discussions from every day life,
facts from the surrounding. For example, speaking activity (group work) about climate changes or something like that,
debates and discussions about environmental problems, society, friendship, modern technology… But, if the grammatical
part of the unit includes revision of the conditionals, the speaking corner could look like this:

*Finish sentences/discuss with friends (maps are placed on the board)


If my
-bring? allow me to -place?
organize a
party, I …


Conclusion! Time reference? Tenses in use?

 If I won a lottery, I …
***buy something???
***something else???

If we had an opportunity to meet a celebrity, we…

***invite him/her???
***ask something???
 The teacher must be very attentive in order to point out the mistakes during the discussion (if there are any), but not to
constantly interrupts the students’ conversation, but to include more and more speakers. The teacher, also, must pay
attention not to use mother tongue, but target language as much as possible. This way, every next class could be a new
experience and amazing field for learning. New teaching points are taught through practice, and concrete vocabulary is
taught through demonstrations of objects, pictures, short episodes, in context or performing classroom tasks that prepare
students for actual language use.

 Therefore, it can be concluded that inductive learning (student centered teaching technique) is preferred, because it
allows students to discover language rules through extensive use of the language and from their experience of using
language. For example, it is very interesting if during every unit, one class is dedicated to ‘circle’ discussion. Students are
sitting in a form of a circle and the one who is named the first, gives the topic/subject/idea to develop (it is very effective
if the subject is connected to the main idea of the previous unit that has been learnt). Through this ‘discussion’ time, the
teacher can organize a fantastic revision at the end of every unit.

 Also, I imagine that every unit should include literature/culture corner that would consist of an interesting story/review
about some other culture or an extract from some famous piece of literature. This could enrich student’s knowledge and
would broad their views, too. It is very important to introduce children with other different worlds, they need to know
what happens around us, and all that using target language of course. Students need to get an idea of how the new
language is used by native speakers and the best way is to present language in context. In the next slide, I will give my
opinion how could a Culture Corner look like in a modern EFL textbook.

 At the very end of every unit, there should be a ‘revision’ or ‘check your progress’ part, where students check their
results after learning the previous lessons. Traditional tasks (fill in the gaps, rewrite sentences, finish or answer the
questions) very soon become dull and boring for both, the teacher and the learner, so it is far more motivating to include
some games, puzzles, creation of mind maps, presentations, etc.
Culture Corner
Owing to its specific climate and history,
Montenegro has been the home of many
artists, who have become world famous.
The diversity of the periods that came one
after the other in this region have left their
traces behind in many localities in
Montenegro. From the Paleolithic, through
the Bronze age, all the way to the
Renaissance and Baroque, Montenegro has
been enriched with the cultural heritage. The
high concentration of the artistic and cultural
wealth was recognized in the Kotor Bay, so
the town of Kotor was included in the
UNESCO list of cultural heritage.
The monasteries that are dispersed
throughout Montenegro, from the Byzantine
period until the modern times, reveal the
spiritual wealth. Each one of them has its
own unique way to enchant the visitors. One
of them is the Ostrog Monastery, which
attracts people from around the world with
its exceptional spiritual power and the
unique ambiance. Carved into the high rocks,
it is very important as a spiritual and historic
center of Montenegro.
The printed word in Montenegro goes way
back in history. Thirty-eight years after the
Gutenberg's Bible, in 1493, the first printing
shop in the Balkans started its operations.
One year later the first book was printed –
 Montenegro has an abundance of towns that were  KOTOR- Wedged between brooding mountains and a
developed through the centuries. Although they may moody corner of the bay, this dramatically beautiful
look alike at first sight, once you get to know them a town is perfect and has god a very rich cultural heritage.
bit better, with their traditions and customs, they can  LOVCEN NATIONAL PARK- Directly behind Kotor
bring out the curiosity in everyone who wishes to (1749m), discover an astonishing view and enrich your
explore them in more detail. cultural knowledge!!!
 Since Montenegro is divided into three regions:  SVETI STEFAN- 5km south of Budva, provides the
coastal, central and mountain, each one of these gave biggest ‘WOW’ moment on the entire coast.
some special characteristics to its towns.
 OSTROG MONASTERY- Resting in a cliff, the
 Coast cities : Ulcinj, Bar, Budva, Tivat, Kotor, Herceg gleaming white Ostrog Monastery is the most important
Novi site in Montenegro, attracting up to a million visitors
Central annually.
cities : Podgorica, Niksic, Cetinje, Danilovgrad
 TARA RIVER AND CANYON-Slicing through the
Mountain cities : Kolasin, Mojkovac, Bijelo
mountains, the Tara River forms a canyon that at its peak
Polje, Berane, Pljevlja, Rozaje, Zabljak, Plav
is 1300m deep.
 The coastal towns create an impression of the
sleeping beauties that don't lose any of their
Europe’s last three remaining forests.
exquisiteness despite the century’s long sleep. Rich in
architectural details from the ancient times, on the ***ORO DANCE***
inside and outside of the buildings, one can not leave Typically, young men and women would gather and
indifferent; with the whisper of the waves, these form a circle (kolo), then start to sing, usually in
towns invite you to come back again. form of playfully mocking someone from the other
 The towns of the central region are rich in historical side and daring them to enter the circle to dance.
and cultural monuments and tell the stories of the One of the more daring young men would then
glorious victories against the armies that tried to enter the circle and start to dance in a stylistic
occupy these regions. The contemporary spirit can be imitation of an Eagle. The aim here is to impress!
noted all around and contributes to the development
of these economic and cultural centers into the real
tourist metropolises.
In order to present to the students a new culture/ country/ society, I would previously make a short presentation about it with
a pile of pictures. Illustrations are easy to remember, and that way students will be encouraged to move on to the next
step. After reading and listening to the text, some speaking activities need to be included, like:
- Are you a traveler???
- What is the most important thing that you need to know about the country you want to visit?
- What is the destination from your dreams???
- Do you prefer seaside or mountain?
- What kind of food is the most attractive for you?

Than few questions about Montenegro, match the paragraphs with the pictures, explain the meaning of the word…


- Write few sentences about your habits during the holiday time.
- Tell to your classmates what do you and your best friend like to listen/ read in free time, and how often do you use
computer. Is it good to use internet instead of books???
- How would you describe Montenegro? …

Obviously, this part includes the Present Simple tense revision. Students are expected to make conclusions on their own,
through usage of target language and without strict rules, but by means of their sense for language. Than, I would
include a puzzle or a crossword to solve, for example: A specialty that every Montenegrinian serves to the guest is
p*****??? Tara River forms a c*****??? Etc…
I am sure that lessons like this will be remembered and student won’t be bored or exhausted because of the explanations that
are always to long. Students will be glad to participate the next class.

20% 30%
listenin ACTIVITIES speakin
g g


***modern and educative

***interesting and effective
***picturesque, trendy and rich
***contains variety of activities
•Literature corner/ Culture corner/
Environment and nature/ Fashion
Reading activities Connection/ Modern Technology/ Society/
Crime and investigation…

•Short episodes/ videos that connect units

Listening (+watching) and these activities are in relation with
reading activities.

•Group work/ Pair work/ Discussion

Speaking and Writing
boards/ Debates/ Research presentations
activities and projects/ Essays and Articles
 When Hamlet’s Father, the old King of Denmark, died, his brother Claudius became the new king. After only a few
weeks, Claudius married Gertrude, the old king’s wife. Hamlet was angry with his mother because she remarried so
quickly. He also hated Claudius, his stepfather
 One cold night on the walls of Elsinore Castle, a friend of Hamlet saw the ghost of Hamlet’s dead father.
 It happened once again and this time the ghost took Hamlet aside and talked to him.
 People say a poisonous snake killed me but they are wrong. I was sleeping in my garden when Claudius came and he put poison in
my ear! It was a painful death. Your uncle is a very evil man. You must take revenge for my murder and kill him! But please, do not
harm your mother! Hamlet was full of anger and hatred. He wanted to kill Claudius, but he was indecisive. He started behaving
strangely and Claudius began to suspect that Hamlet knew something. He asked Polonius, his chief master, to find out about
Hamlet’s strange behavior.
 …………………
 The most famous speech in English language: Hamlet poses the problem of whether to commit suicide
 He compares death to sleep and thinks of the end to suffering, pain, and uncertainty it might bring
 This speech connects many of the play’s main themes, including the idea of suicide and death, the difficulty of knowing
the truth in a spiritually ambiguous universe, and the connection between thought and action.
 Students will watch a short episode from one of the screenplays of ‘Hamlet’, a continuation of the summary, but without the ending.
 (Hamlet went to his mother’s room and said to her that she had offended his father. While they were talking, Hamlet heard a noise
behind a curtain, but it was not Claudius, it was Polonius… Claudius sent Hamlet to England. Ophelia went mad and killed herself….
Laertes, Ophelia’s brother, challenged Hamlet to a fight. Claudius poisoned the sword and a class of wine in case he won.)
(They are expected to be more interested to read the book) Having watched an episode, students will in a group/ pair work complete a
mind map.

 Hamlet (present a picture, poster or something like that)

***place- Denmark

***themes- The impossibility of certainty/ The complexity of action/ The mystery of death

***motifs- Death/ Suicide/ Darkness and supernatural

***symbols- The ghost (the spiritual consequence of death)



In order to conclude my work, I would like to say that for every teacher it is very important not to forget the
differences between every child. If we learn to distinguish differences and to adapt them into our plans and procedures,
than every book will be just a tool which facilitates our job.
Our job is to overcome every boundary, to satisfy the children's needs and to teach at the same time. Being a teacher
is not an easy task to do, but it is the most creative and the most beautiful role that we can be given.

‘Thebest teachers teach from the heart,

Not from the book.’