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ALMORADIE, CLARK EDVIN

ASTO, NORIE ROSE

GROUP 2 AVENIR, CHRISTIAN MARK

VILLANUEVA, JOHN CARLO

VILLEGAS, SEAN
National Policy on
Urban Sewerage and
Sanitation of 1994
NEDA Board Resolution No. 5, Series 0f 1994
Giving high priority to
improved urban sanitation and
sewerage.

Contains national policy,


strategy, and action plan for
urban sewerage and
sanitation.
National Policy
NEDA Board Resolution No. 5, Series 0f 1994

1 2 3
Provision of improved On-site sanitation faciliti All new subdivisions/h
sewerage/sanitation es for all urban househo ousing developments
services in urban area lds/establishments readi shall provide simplified
s shall be considered ly adaptable to further s
ewerage systems shall
or conventional sewer
a high priority. age system/sanitation
be required.
facilities.
National Policy
NEDA Board Resolution No. 5, Series 0f 1994

4 5 6
Conventional or low-co Treatment of industrial a Provision of services s
st sewerage for central s well as collected city/ hall be based on cons
business districts and f municipality waste wate umer demand and willi
or potentially high inco rs to established standa
rds set forth by the DEN
ngness to pay.
me residential areas w
R prior to disposal into t
here economically and he drainage system shal
financially viable shall l be required.
be provided.
National Strategy
NEDA Board Resolution No. 5, Series 0f 1994

1 2 3
A sanitation/sewerage p External sources of assi LGUs shall primarily be the im
rogram and a Central Sa plementers of the sanitation/se
stance shall be explored werage programs with the nati
nitation/Sewerage Progr and provided as may be onal government providing as
am Support Office (CPS appropriate to enable M sistance to develop their capac
O) to coordinate subsec unicipal Development F ities in the following areas: co
tor activities at the natio mmunity participation, sub-sec
und (MDF) facility or oth tor planning, program manage
nal level and to assist L er financing sources to ment, regulation of developme
GUs to plan and manag extend loans to LGUs fo nt, selection of technologies, fi
e sanitation/sewerage pr r sanitation and sewera nancial management, construc
tion supervision, O & M, monit
ograms at the communit ge projects. oring and reporting.
y level shall be establish
ed.
Action Plan
NEDA Board Resolution No. 5, Series 0f 1994

1 2
A CPSO shall be crated and housed at LWUA with LWUA shall fully staff the CPSO from wi
the LWUA Board exercising over-all jurisdiction ov thin its existing manpower as soon as p
er its operation. An inter-departmental Advisory C ossible. An international development c
ommittee (IAC) composed of representatives from onsultant shall be engaged to assist the
DPWH, DOH, DILG, DOF, DBM, LWUA, DENR, MW CPSO to design and implement the acti
SS and NEDA shall likewise be created and act as vities. The CPSO shall exist for a period
the coordination body in the implementation and of about 3 to 5 years or until after its fun
monitoring of urban sewerage and sanitation prog ctions have been fully devolved to the L
rams particularly the five (5) pilot areas (Davao Cit GUs.
y, Calamba, Dagupan City, Roxas City and Cotabat
o City). The representatives to the IAC shall prefer
ably be Ass. Sec. or Dir. level. The Chairman of the
IAC and the Dir. of the CPSO shall be appointed by
the LWUA Board.
The Code on
Sanitation of the
Philippines
Presidential Decree No. 856
CHAPTER I CHAPTER VII
General Provisions Industrial Hygiene

CHAPTER II CHAPTER VIII


Water Supply Public Swimming or
Bathing Places

CHAPTER III CHAPTER IX


Food Establishments Rest Areas, Bus Terminals, Bus
Stops and Service Stations

CHAPTER IV CHAPTER X
Markets and Abattoirs Camps and Picnic
Grounds

CHAPTER V CHAPTER XI
Public Laundry Dancing Schools, Dance Halls
and Night Clubs

CHAPTER VI CHAPTER XII


School Sanitation and Tonsorial and Beauty
Health Services Establishments
CHAPTER XIII CHAPTER XIX
Massage Clinics and Nuisances and Offensive
Sauna Bath Establishment Trades and Occupations

CHAPTER XIV CHAPTER XX


Hotels, Motels, and Pollution of the
Apartments, Lodging, Environment
Boarding…
CHAPTER XV CHAPTER XXI
Port, Airport, Vessel and Disposal of Dead Persons
Aircraft Sanitation

CHAPTER XVI CHAPTER XXII


Vermin Control Final Provisions

CHAPTER XVII
Sewage Collection and
Disposal and Drainage

CHAPTER XVIII
Refuse Disposal
President Ferdinand E. Marcos
December 23, 1975
Ultimate Goal:
Improvement of the way the Filipinos by directing
public health services towards the protection and
promotion of the health of our people.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 1:
Contains the title of the code, definitions of some
terms, functions of the Department of Health, Au
thority of the secretary, Authority of the Bureau D
GENERAL irectors, Authority of the Regional Directors, Auth
PROVISIONS ority of the Health Officers and other miscellane
ous provisions
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 2:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all public and private water supply system p
roject planned by any government agency or inst
WATER rumentalities including government-owned or co
SUPPLY ntrolled corporations, private organizations, firms
, individuals or other entities.
It includes prescribe standards and procedure, s
tandard construction and operating procedure et
c.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 3:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all food establishments and facilities includi
ng those located in vessels, food containers and
FOOD vehicles, and food sold in the streets.
ESTABLISHMENTS
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 4:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all markets including food terminals, satellit
e markets/talipapa, wet markets,, dry markets, s
MARKETS AND upermarkets, and other similar establishments o
ABATTOIRS perated by government agencies or instrumental
ities including government-owned or controlled c
orporations, private organizations, firms, individu
als or other entities.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 5:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all public laundry including commercial laun
dry such as Laundromat, dry cleaning laundry, li
PUBLIC nen supply laundry, diaper-supply laundry, and p
LAUNDRY ublic laundry places such as a community laundr
y area, as well as institutional establishments wit
h laundry equipment and facilities such as hotel
s, motels massage parlors, dormitories, hospital
s and other health-related institution and other si
milar establishments.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 6:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all public and private schools, secretarian a
nd non-secretarian schools, serminaries or theol
SCHOOL ogical schools, review centers, graduate schools
SANITATION AND , special schools and schools for person with dis
HEALTH SERVICES abilities, foreign schools, technical/vocational sc
hools, special training or trade schools, training
centers, day care or child care centers, nursery
and kindergarten schools and children`s instituti
on.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 7:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all Industrial Establishment.
It includes Environment Provisions, Personal Pr
INDUSTRIAL otective Equipment (PPE) etc.
HYGIENE
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 8:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all public swimming or bathing places includ
ing pools, bathhouses, bathing beaches and oth
PUBLIC er natural bathing areas.
SWIMMING OR
BATHING PLACES
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 9:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all rest areas, bus terminals, bus stops, bu
s stations and service stations and their premise
REST AREAS, BUS s, establishments operating within their premises
TERMINALS, BUS , either privately or publicly, operated, and perso
STOPS AND nnel working there at.
SERVICE STATIONS
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 10:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all camps and picnic grounds intended for p
ublic or commercial use including cottages and r
CAMPS AND PICNIC ecreational places or facilities located therein, op
GROUNDS erated by individuals, organizations, corporation
s, partnerships, government agencies or instrum
entalities or institution.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 11:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all dancing schools/studios, dance halls, dis
cos/discotheques, night/day clubs, bars, cabaret
DANCING SCHOOLS s, folkhouses, karaokes bars, videoke bars, musi
, HALLS AND NIGHT c lounges and other similar establishments, facili
CLUB ties premises, appurtences and their personnel.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 12:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all barber shops, beauty parlor,/salons, cos
metic salons, hair and hairdressing salons, mani
TONSORIAL AND curing and pedicuring establishments, tattooing
BEAUTY and skin piercing shops and similar establishme
ESTABLISHMENTS nts, and figure slenderizing salons that include fi
gure and slimmer salons etc.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 13:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all massage clinics and sauna bath establis
hments, masseur/massagists, massage attenda
MASSAGE CLINICS nts, sauna bath attendants and other similar enti
AND SAUNA BATH ties and practitioners.
ESTABLISHMENTS
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 14:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all hotels, motels, and apartments, lodging,
HOTELS, MOTELS, boarding or tenement houses, and condominium
AND APARTMENTS, s and other similar facilities or establishment.
LODGING,
BOARDING OR
TENEMENT
HOUSES, AND
CONDOMINIUMS
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 15:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all ports and airports operating within the ter
ritory of the Philippines and shall likewise apply t
PORT, AIRPORT, o all vessel and aircraft entering said ports and a
VESSEL AND irports.
AIRCRAFT
SANITATION
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 16:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all urban pest control operators, urba pest c
ontrol applicators, and owners,operators or admi
VERMIN CONTROL nistrators of land, places, buildings, residences,
public places establishments, food establishmen
ts, ports, airports, vessels, aircraft, or any other
means of coveyances, and other similar establis
hments.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 17:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to al public and private sewage and excreta co
llection and disposal system project planned by
SEWAGE COLLECTI any government agency or instrumentality includ
ON AND DISPOSAL, ing government-owned or controlled corporation
EXCRETA DISPOSAL s, private organizations, firms, individuals or oth
AND DRAINAGE er entities.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 18:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all occupants, owners , tenants, lessees of
buildings and dwelling houses, owners or operat
REFUSE DISPOSAL ors of industrial, commercial and business establ
ishments, local government units, other governm
ent agencies or government owned or controlled
corporations, private firms or corporation, institut
ions refuse collectors, disposal area operators, j
unk dealers, scavengers etc.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 19:
Contains the rules and regulations that cover all
establishment or entities and public and private
premises in which are likely to produce nuisance
NUISANCE AND s such as public or private premises maintained
OFFENSIVE and used in a manner injurios to health; Breedin
TRADES AND g places and harborage of vermin; Animals and t
OCCUPATIONS heir carcasses which injurious to health; Accumu
lation of refuse; Noxious matter or wastewater d
ischarged improperly in streets; Animal stockade
maintained in a manner injurious to health etc.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 20:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all establishments, premises and facilities th
at are producing, processing manufacturing, han
POLLUTION OF THE dling, storing, transporting, selling, distributing, u
ENVIRONMENT sing and disposing the following; fertilizerz, heav
y metals, chemical, biological agents and polluta
nts, radioactive materials, food additives, produc
ts emitting ionizing and non-ionizing radiation an
d other products that may cause harm to public
health.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 21:
Contains the rules and regulations that shall app
ly to all crematories, funeral and embalming esta
blishments, medical and research institutions, un
DISPOSAL OF DEAD dertakers, embalmers, public and private burial
PERSONS grounds and other similar institutions operated b
y government agencies or instrumentalities inclu
ding government-owned or controlled corporatio
ns, private organizations, firms, individuals or ot
her entities.
THE CODE ON SANITATION OF THE PHILIPPINES

SUMMARY:
CHAPTER 22:
Contains the Penal Provision, Separability Claus
e, Repealing Clause and Effectivity.

FINAL PROVISIONS
SEWAGE DISPOSAL
AND DRAINAGE IRR
(SANITATION CODE)
To carry out the provisions of
Chapter XVII – “Sewage Collection
and Disposal, Excreta Disposal and
Drainage”,

these rules and regulations are


hereby formulated for
implementation and strict
compliance of all concerned
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Approved excreta disposal facilities Chemical Privy - a privy where fecal matter i
Any approved type of privy such as: s deposited into a tank containing a caustic c
a. Flush toilet connected to: hemical solution to prevent septic action while
a.1 community sewer the organic matter is decomposed.
a.2 imhoff tank
Digestive Cesspool - a pit for the reception
a.3 septic tank or detention of sewage.
a.4 digester tank
Distribution Box - a small
a.5 chemical tank
concrete receptacle betwee
b. Pit privy such as: n the septic tank and the dr
b.1 VIP latrine ain field from which lines of
b.2 Pit type drain tiles extend and which
b.3 "Antipolo" toilet acts as surge tank to distrib
ute the flow of sewage equ
ally to each line of drain tile
s.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Communal Excreta Disposal System - an
excreta disposal system serving a group of d
welling unit.

Domestic Sewage - the sewage containing


human excrement and liquid household waste
. Also called sanitary sewage.

Drainage System - the drainage pipes of a pl


umbing system taking the waste water from t
he plumbing fixtures and delivering it to the se
wer or some other outlet

House Sewer - the pipeline conveying sewa


ge from the house or building to the septic tan
k or to any point of discharge.
DEFINITION OF TERMS
Sanitary Engineer - a person duly registered Septic Tank - a water tight receptacle which recei
with the Board of Examiners for Sanitary Engi ves the discharge of a plumbing system or part th
neers (R.A. 1364) and who heads the sanitati ereof, and is designed to accomplish the partial r
on division or section or unit of the provincial/ emoval and digestion of the suspended solid matt
city/municipal health office or employed with t er in the sewage through a period of detention.
he Department of Health or its regional field h
Sewage Disposal System - a system of collectio
ealth units.
n, transportation, treatment and disposal of sewa
ge. .
Sanitation Inspector - a government official
or personnel employed by the national, provin Sewer - pipe, conduit or channel intended to con
cial, city or municipal government, who enforc vey sewage.
es sanitary rules, laws and regulations and im
plements environmental sanitation activities u Sewerage or Sewerage Works - system of pipes
nder the supervision of the provincial/city/mun , pumps, devices and other appurtenant structure
icipal health officer/ sanitary engineer. s for the collection, transportation and final dispos
al of waste water
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Excreta Disposal System

• Every new house/building to be constructed shall be provided with p


lan and specifications for excreta disposal system approved by t
he local health authority prior to construction.
• All houses/buildings without an approved excreta disposal system shal
l be required to construct such facilities under the supervision of the l
ocal health officer.
• The privy recommended for use is the sanitary privy. It shall conform
with the following minimum requirements:
 It shall consist of an earthen pit, a floor covering the pit, and
a water-sealed bowl.
 The pit shall be at least one meter square.
 The floor should cover the pit tightly to prevent the entrance
of flies.
 The water-sealed bowl shall be joined to the floor so as to f
orm a water-tight and insect proof joint.
 suitable enclosure
 Wooden floors and seat risers shall not be used.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

• INSTALLATION REQUIREMENTS:  Sanitary (Plumbing) Permit shall not be issu


 When a public sanitary sewer is not av ed for the installation, alteration or repair of a
ailable in any street abutting such a lot o ny private sewage disposal system or part th
r premises, waste water piping from any b ereof, on any lot for which a connection with
uilding or works shall be provided with i public sanitary sewer is available.
ndividual sewage disposal system of a  Each individual sewage disposal system
pproved type and design. shall serve a dwelling on an individual lot
 The public sanitary sewer may be cons and shall be properly maintained in good
idered as not being available when such working condition by the owner.
public sanitary sewer is located more tha  Whenever an approved public sanitary sewe
n 100 meters from any proposed buildi rage system is accessible to the property, an
ng on any lot or premises. y individual sewage disposal system shall be
 Individual sewage disposal system sha abandoned and the house sewer shall be dir
ll not be installed, maintained or operat ectly connected to the public sewer.
ed on property accessible to public sa
nitary sewerage system.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

• APPROVAL:  Drawings and Specifications:


 The property owner or his authorized r  Plot plan drawn to scale completely di
epresentative agent shall file an applic mensioned, showing direction and appro
ation for a Sanitary (Plumbing) Permit ximate slope of surface, location of all pr
with the local health authority for constr esent or proposed retaining walls, draina
uction, installation, alteration, or extension ge channels, water supply lines or wells,
of an individual sewage disposal system a paved areas and structures on the plan,
nd the sub-surface absorption system or o number of bedrooms or plumbing fixture
ther treatment device prior to start of work s in each structure and location of the bu
. ilding sanitary sewer and individual sewa
ge disposal system with relation to lot lin
 The application shall be made in writin
es and structures.
g on a form prescribed by the Departm
 Necessary plans and specification sh
ent of Health and shall contain all pertine all be prepared , signed and sealed by
nt information relative to the location, cons a Registered Sanitary Engineer or a R
truction, installation, alteration or extensio egistered Master Plumber, as the case
n of a individual sewage disposal system. may require.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

•DISPOSAL OF SEWAGE:
A log of soil formations and ground water Untreated sewage and effluent of septic tank or ot
levels as determined by test holes dug in close her putrescible or offensive wastes shall not be dis
proximity to any proposed seepage pit or dispo charged onto the surface of the ground or into a
sal field, together with a statement of water abs ny street, road, alley, open excavation, storm wa
orption characteristics of the soil at proposed si ter sewer, land drain ditch, adjoining property, w
te as determined by approved percolation tests. atercourse or body of water.

Location of any toilet or sewage disposal syste Sewage and effluent of a septic tank or other putr
m shall be in accordance with the plans and specifica escible, impure or offensive wastes shall not be dis
tions prescribed by the Department of Health. charged into an abandoned water supply well, s
pring, or cistern or into a natural or artificial well
, sink hole, crevices or other opening extending i
nto limestone, sandstones or other rock or shale
formation.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

 Individual sewage disposal system utilizing lea  No seepage pit or leaching well shall b
ching fields, leaching beds, or leaching wells shall e installed where the percolation rate is le
not be permitted where the depth to normal grou ss than 2.54 cm. (1 in.) fall in water into the
nd water or rock strata is less than 1.20 meters. test holes in 30 minutes.

 A leaching system shall not be installed in an  No person shall install individual househol
area where the texture, structure and porosity of the d sewage disposal system in a new subdivisi
soil are not suitable as determined by a percolation on, unless site is considered to be impract
test performed by a registered civil/sanitary engi icable and inadvisable to install a public s
neer. ewage collection system with the required
treatment.
 No leaching tile field or bed shall be install
ed where percolation rate is less than 2.54 cm. (1
in.) fall in water level in the test holes in 60 minut
es.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

•OPERATIONAL PERMIT:
No person shall discharge or permit or c  The local health authority at any reasonable t
ause to be discharged the effluent from an ime may inspect the sewage disposal system, sam
individual sewage disposal system or othe ple the effluent, or take any other step which he deem
r putrescible or offensive wastes from his s necessary to ensure compliance with these rules
premises unless an application for an operati and regulations.
onal permit has been approved by the local h
ealth authority.
• LOT DIMENSIONS AND AREAS:
Only a person or dwelling owner who co
mplies with the requirements of these rule  Individual sewage disposal systems shall be in
s and regulations shall be entitled to receive stalled on sufficient area and suitable topography
and retain an operational permit. to permit compliance with these rules and regulat
ions.
INDIVIDUAL EXCRETA AND SEWERAGE DISPOSAL SYSTEM
Individual Sewage Disposal System

 The design, construction, installation, location, maintenanc


e, and operation of individual sewage disposal systems includi
ng septic tanks, leaching tile fields, leaching beds, leaching we
lls, house sewers, privies and any other treatment system or p
art thereof shall comply with the minimum standards and
engineering practices which are acceptable to the Depart
ment of Health.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
SEPTIC TANK
• DESIGN CAPACITY:
 For buildings with occupants, the number of pe
rsons to be served shall be computed based on  The outlet shall be fitted with a sanitary tee
the number of rooms and considering each roo or baffle.
m as occupied by two persons or on the basis  The outlet baffle or sanitary tee device shall
of the actual number of persons served by the t extend through the scum layer above the liquid l
ank, whichever is the greater. evel of the tank to approximately 2.5 cm. (1 inch)
• INLET AND OUTLET from the inside top from the tank.
 The invert level of the inlet shall not be less t  The invert of the inlet pipe shall be at a level
han 5 centimeters (2 inches) above the liquid not less than 5 cm. (2 in.) above the invert of th
level of the tank. e outlet pipe
 A vented inlet baffle or sanitary tee shall be p  Inlet and outlet pipe fittings or baffles, through
rovided to divert the incoming sewage downwar compartment partitions shall have a free vent are
d. The baffles or tee shall penetrate at least 15 a equal to the required cross-sectional area of t
cm. (6 inches) below the liquid level, but the p he house sewer discharging therein.
enetration shall not be greater than that allowed f
or the outlet baffle or sanitary tee.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
SEPTIC TANK
• TANK PROPORTIONS: • CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANK:
 The septic tank may have various shapes provided th  Plans and specifications for all septic tanks shall
e capacity, inlet, outlet and depth requirements are m be submitted to the local health authority for approv
et. Generally the septic tank is rectangular in shape al. Such plans and specifications shall show all dim
. If 2 or more compartments are used, the first co ensions, reinforcement, structural calculations and s
mpartment shall have the capacity from one half t uch other pertinent data as maybe required.
o two thirds of the total volume of the tank.  Septic tanks shall be constructed of sound durab
 The septic tank shall have a liquid drawing depth le materials, not subject to excessive corrosion
not less than 1.20 meters (4 feet) or decay and shall be watertight. Each such tank
 The vertical distance from the liquid level to the in shall be structurally designed to withstand all anticip
side top of the tank shall be at least 20 cm. (8 in.). ated earth or other loads and shall be installed level
on a solid bed. Structural and hydraulic design s
• INSPECTION MANHOLES:
hall be in accordance with good engineering pra
 The septic tank shall be provided with an inspecti
ctice.
on manhole 0.36 m2 (4 ft2 ) in minimum area or by
an equivalent removable cover slab to provide acces
s to the inlet and outlet devices and to the compartme
nt of the tank for inspection and cleaning.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
SEPTIC TANK
 Approved pre-fabricated septic tanks may be u • MAINTENANCE:
sed. After installation, the tank shall be filled with s  Septic tanks shall be cleaned before excessive s
ufficient amount of water to prevent floating. ludge or scum is allowed to accumulate and seri
 Roof drains, foundation drains, area drains or ously reduce the settling efficiency.
cistern overflows shall not be made to enter th  Septic tanks shall be inspected at least once a ye
e septic tank or any part of the treatment syste ar and be cleaned when the bottom of the scum ma
t is within 7.50 cm (3 inches) of the bottom of th
m.
e osludge and scum has reduced the liquid capa
• LOCATION: city by 50%.
 The septic tank shall be located not less than 25  Tanks shall not be washed or disinfected after cl
meters from any well, spring, cistern, or other sour eaning. A small residual of sludge shall be left in the
ces of drinking water supply; not less than 1.5 tank for seeding purposes.
m.(5 ft.) from any water service line; and not less  Sludge from septic tanks shall be disposed of b
than 3.0 m. (10 ft.) away from water main. y burial or by any other method approved by the
 Septic tanks shall be located such that desludging Secretary or his duly authorized representative and
equipment can have access to the opening man not by being emptied into open field, ditches or bodi
holes conveniently. es of water.
 Septic tanks shall not be located under the build
ing.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
LEACHING TILE FIELD
• DESIGN:
 A leaching tile system utilizing trenches 0.45 m. -
0.90 m. wide is considered to be a leaching tile
field.
 A leaching tile system utilizing trenches more th
an 0.90 meter (36 inches) wide is considered t
o be a leaching bed.
 Leaching tile fields and leaching beds, based on
percolation tests, shall have a minimum absor
ption area equivalent to that required for a s
mall dwelling unit having sewage flow of 50 g
al/cap/day. Only the trench bottom area is to be
calculated as the absorption area.
 Absorption area requirements for residences sha
ll conform to the following:
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
LEACHING TILE FIELD
 Leaching tile field or leaching bed or leaching well or
chamber shall not be installed in any of the follo
wing:
 In swampy area or where ponding or flooding is li
kely to occur.
 Where the percolation rate exceeds 60 mins. p
er 2.5 cm. ( 1 in.) of water fall.
 Where the depth to normal ground water or ro
ck strata is less than 1.2 m (4 ft.) below the bo
ttom of the device
• CONSTRUCTION:
 Drain lines shall be constructed of materials not s
ubject to excessive deterioration and shall be lai
d with open joints, except that perforated clay tile,
perforated bituminous fiber pipe, or other approved The drain lines shall have a minimum diameter of 100
materials may be used, provided that sufficient openi mm. (4 in.) and shall have a relative level grade, but in no i
ngs are available for distribution of the effluent into t nstance shall have a fall greater than 1 cm. in 60 minutes.
he trench areas. ( Total area of perforations shall be
at least 150% of the cross-sectional area of the pipe.
)
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
LEACHING TILE FIELD
 In leaching tile fields the minimum distance betwe Before placing filter material and drain lines in a prepared exc
en centerline of trenches shall be at least 1.80 m. avation, all smeared or compacted surfaces shall be remove
( 6 ft.). d from trenches by raking to a depth of 2.5 cm. and the loos
 In leaching beds, lines for distributing effluent sh e material is removed. Clean stone, gravel, slag or similar fil
all be spaced 0.90 m. (3 ft.) from side to side of tr ter material varying in size from 2.0 cm. to 6.5 cm. shall be p
laced in the trench to the depth and grade required by this s
ench walls.
ection. Drain pipe shall be placed on filter material in an approv
 Final grading shall be completed prior to installi
ed manner.
ng a leaching field or leaching bed. Where two or more drain lines are installed, an approved dist
 The leaching tile field or leaching bed shall have a ribution box of sufficient size to receive lateral lines shall be
minimum depth of 30.0 cm. (12 in.) of clean grav constructed at the head of each disposal field. The inverts of
el, stone or slag fill, extending at least 5.0 cm. (2 all outlets shall be level and the invert of the inlet shall be at lea
in.) above and 15 cm. (6 in.) below the drain lines st 2.5 cm. above the outlets. Suitable baffles shall be provided
. The filter material shall be 2 cm. to 6.5 cm. (0.80 to insure equal flow. Distribution boxes shall be built on a level c
to 2.5 in.) in size. oncrete slab installed in natural or compacted soil.
 The absorption trenches shall have a minimum d All laterals from an approved distribution box to the disposal fi
epth of 45 cm. (18 in.) but not more than 75 cm. ( eld where the grade exceeds 1:2000 (0.0005%) shall be bell a
30 in.). nd spigot vitrified clay or other approved pipe with water tig
ht joints. Multiple disposal field laterals, whenever practicable, s
hall be of uniform length.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
LEACHING TILE FIELD
 Connections between a septic tank and a distributio
n box, or between a distribution box and drainfield, s
hall be laid with approved watertight joints on na
tural ground or compacted fill. • LOCATION:
 Heavy equipment shall not be used over the tile  The leaching tile field or leaching bed shall b
field or bed after the tile and gravel are in place. e located not less than twenty five (25) me
 Disposal fields shall be constructed as follows:
ters (80 ft.) from any well, spring, cistern, or
other source of drinking water supply; not
less than 3 m. (10 ft.) from an occupied bu
ilding; and not less than 1.5 m. (5 ft.) from
any lot line.
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
HOUSE SEWERS
• DESIGN: , where it is impracticable, due to the depth of the stre
 The size of any house sewer shall be determined et sewer or to the structural features or to the arrange
on the basis of the total number of fixture units dr ment of any building or structure, to obtain a slope of 1
ained by such sewer. Minimum size shall not be :50 (0.02%), any such pipe or piping 100 mm diameter
less than 100 mm. (4 in.) in diameter. or larger may have a slope of not less than 1:100 (0.0
• MATERIALS: 1%).
a. Vitrified clay sewer pipe Whenever the house sewer is located within 25 me
b. Asbestos cement pipe ters of a well or spring or any drinking water sourc
c. Cast iron pipe e, the house sewer shall meet the ten (10) foot head o
d. Bituminized fiber pipe f water test for fifteen minutes. When water is not avail
e. Glass pipe able or when there is a danger of freezing, the air or s
f. Any other pipe approved by the Bureau of Stan moke test may be used.
dards, Department of Trade and Industry House or building sewer piping shall be laid on a f
• INSTALLATION: irm bed throughout its entire length, and any such
 The house sewer shall be laid in good alignment piping laid in ground shall be laid on a bed of approve
and at a uniform slope of not less than 1:50 (0. d materials and shall be adequately supported.
02%)toward the point of disposal; provided that
DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF SEPTIC TANKS, LEACHING TILE FIELD
AND HOUSE SEWERS
HOUSE SEWERS
 House sewer or other drainage piping or part th
ereof, which is made of materials other than tho
se approved for use under or within a building,
shall not be installed under or within 0.60 m.
(2 ft.) of any building, or structure or parts th
ereof, nor less than 0.30 m. (1 ft.) below the s
urface of the ground.
 Non-metallic house sewer piping shall not b
e run or laid in the same trench with water s
ervice pipes or any underground water pipes u
nless both of the following requirements are me
t:
 The bottom of the water piping at all p
oints shall be at least 30 cm. ( 1 ft.)abo
ve the top of the sewer pipeline.
 The water piping shall rest on a solid s
helf at one side of the common trench.
ABANDONED SEWER AND SEWAGE DISPOSAL FACILITIES
 Every abandoned building or house sewe  It is unlawful for a person owning or contr
r or part thereof, shall be plugged or ca olling any cesspool, septic tank, or seepa
pped within 1.5 meter of the property l ge pit on his premises or in that portion of
ine any public street, alley or other public pro
 Every cesspool, septic tank and seepage perty abutting such premises to refuse or
pit which has been abandoned or has be neglect to comply with the provision of thi
en discontinued otherwise from further us s section or upon receipt of notice from th
e or to which no waste or soil pipe from a e local health authority.
plumbing fixture is connected, shall have  Where disposal facilities are abandoned,
the sewage removed therefrom and be consequent to connecting any premises
completely filled with earth, gravel, co with the public sewer, the person makin
ncrete or other approved material. g the connection shall fill all abandon
ed facilities within 30 days from the ti
me of connecting to the public sewer.
DRAINAGE
 It shall be the responsibility of eve Buildings or premises pro
ry local government unit to provid
e and maintain in a sanitary state a ducing waste water shall
nd in good repair a satisfactory sy be connected to the mun
stem of drainage in all inhabited ar
eas where waste water from buildi
icipal drainage system i
ngs and premises could empty wit n all areas where it exist
hout causing nuisance to the com s.
munity and danger to the public h
ealth.
SPECIAL ESTABLISHMENT
Establishments such as industrial, laundry, slaughterhouses, dairi
es, poultries, piggeries, mining, hospitals, clinics, funeral parlors
, laboratories and other similar establishments discharging waste
water into receiving river or other water bodies which create pollution
problems shall be required to obtain approval from the Departme
nt of Environment and Natural Resources before construction and iss
uance of sanitary permit by the local health office.
SPECIAL PRECAUTION FOR RADIOACTIVE EXCRET
A AND URINE OF HOSPITALIZED PATIENT

 Patients given high doses of radioactive isotope for thera


py shall be given toilet facilities separate from those
used by "non-radioactive" patients.
 Radioactive patients shall be instructed to use the sam
e toilet bowl at all times and flush it at least three tim
es after its use.
PENAL PROVISION
Any person who shall violate, disobey, refuse, omit or neglect to comply with any of the provisi
ons of these rules and regulations, shall be guilty of misdemeanor and upon conviction sh
all be punished by imprisonment for a period not exceeding six (6) months or by a fine
not exceeding P 1,000.00 or both, depending upon the discretion of the court.

Any person who shall interfere or hinder, oppose any officer, agent or member of the Departme
nt of Health or of the bureaus and offices under it, provincial, city or municipal health officers, s
anitary engineers and sanitary inspectors in the performance of his duty as provided for under
these rules and regulations, or shall tear down, mutilate, deface or alter any placard, or notice,
affixed to the premises in the enforcement of these rules and regulations shall be guilty of mis
demeanor and punishable upon conviction by imprisonment for a period not exceeding
six (6) months or by a fine not exceeding P 1,000.00 or both depending on the discretion
of the court.
END OF PRESENTATION!!!
GROUP 2