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LEARNING OBJECTIVES:

■ DEFINE ACADEMIC WRITING AND IDENTIFY IT FROM OTHER


FORMS OF WRITING
■ IDENTIFY THE AUDIENCE, PURPOSE AND LANGUAGE USED
IN ACADEMIC WRITING
■ IDENTIFY DIFFERENT KINDS OF ACADEMIC WRITING
OUTPUTS
■ WRITE REACTION PAPER, CONCEPT PAPER AND RESEARCH
PAPER
■ Academic writing has always been
perceived as a very tasking and
demanding activity that every student
should undergo.

■ thesis
■ manuscript
However, the negative
perception of academic writing
should be overshadowed by the
idea that Academic Writing
allows students to express their
opinions and reactions, discover
new ideas, clarify and elucidate
concepts, develop interest in
reading academic texts and
applying them in real life
situations.
Academic writing is defined
as a process that starts with
posing a question,
problematizing a concept,
evaluating an opinion and
ends in answering the
question or the question
posed, clarifying the problem
and arguing for a stand.
■Its purpose may be
informative or persuasive.
■It also considers the
audience.
■ it uses formal language
which means that the
standard English language is
used in writing academic text.
■ denotation is expected to
achieve clarity of the written
material as well as to avoid
misinterpretation since the
objective is to inform.
■ avoid pretentious or
highfalutin terminologies that
obstruct the attainment of
clarifying the point of the
writer.
Teachers ■ it refers to a style of
expression that researchers
Engineers use to define the intellectual
boundaries of their
Doctors disciplines and their specific
areas of expertise.
CHARACTERISTICS
OF ACADEMIC WRITING INCLUDES:
POINT OF CONTRAST ACADEMIC WRITING LITERARY/ CREATIVE
WRITING

PURPOSE INFORM INFORM

PERSUADE ENTERTAIN

TEACHERS, PEERS, ACADEMIC PUBLIC


AUDIENCE COMMUNITY, AREA/ DISCIPLINE
EXPERTS

LANGUAGE FORMAL INFORMAL

STANDARD ENGLISH FIGURATIVE/INDIRECT/


CONNOTATIVE
DENOTATIVE & DIRECT
TONE IMPERSONAL PERSONAL
COLLEGE LEVEL RESEARCH PAPERS REQUIRE
CAREFUL ATTENTION TO THE FOLLOWING
STYLISTIC ELEMENTS:
1. THE BIG PICTURE – unlike the journalistic
writing, the overall structure of academic writing
is formal and logical. It must be cohesive and
possess a logically organized flow of ideas; this
means that the various parts are connected to
form a unified whole.
2. THE TONE – the overall tone refers to the
attitude conveyed in a piece of writing.
Throughout the paper it is important that you
present the arguments of others fairly and with
appropriate narrative tone.
When presenting a position or an argument
that you disagree with, describe the argument
accurately and without loaded of biased
language.
3. THE DICTION – refers to the choice of words.

4. THE LANGUAGE – clear use of language is


essential in academic writing. Well – structured
paragraphs and clear topic sentence enables
the reader to follow your line of thinking without
difficulty. Language should be concise, formal,
and express precisely what you want it to mean.
5. ACADEMIC CONVENTIONS – citing sources in the
body of your paper and providing a list of
references as either footnotes or endnotes is a
very important aspect of academic writing. It is
essential to always acknowledge the source of
any ideas, research findings, date or quoted text
that you have used in your paper as defense
against allegations of plagiarism.
ACADEMIC CONVENTIONS

ACTIVITY:
GRP 1 - JOURNAL
GRP 2 - BOOK
GRP 3 - WEBSITE
GRP 4 - RESEARCHES
6. EVIDENCE – BASED ARGUMENT - in academic
writing, opinion are based on a sound understanding
of the pertinent body of knowledge and academic
debates that exist within and increasing external to
your discipline.
You need to support your opinion with evidence
from scholarly sources. It should be an objective
stance presented as a logical argument. The quality of
your evidence will determine the strength of your
argument.
7. THESIS- DRIVEN
Academic writing is thesis –driven meaning
that the starting point is a particular perspective,
idea, of thesis applied to the chosen research
problem such as establishing, proving or
disproving solutions to the question posed for
the topic. Simply describing a topic without the
research questions does not qualify as academic
writing.
8. COMPLEXITY & HIGHER ORDER THINKING
One of the main function of an academic
writing is to describe complex ideas as clearly as
possible.
Academic writing requires critical thinking.
The writer must not settle on the superficial but
should go deeply on the issue being
problematized.
Academic writing is an
organized writing. This
emphasizes the PRINCIPLE
of FIRST.
- this states that “ First,
tell your readers what you
are going to tell them. Then,
tell them. Then, tell them
what you have told them.”