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Critical reading strategies

Reading academic texts requires focus and

understanding. You have to interact with the text
by questioning its assumptions, responding to its
arguments, and connecting it to real life
experiences and applications.
To adopt a critical reading approach, practice
the strategies to be employed during each stage of
Before reading
• Determine which type of academic text (article, review, thesis, etc.)
you are reading.
• Determine and establish your purpose for reading.
• Identify the author’s purpose for writing.
• Predict or infer the main idea or argument of the text based on its
• Identify your attitude towards the author and the text.
• State what you already know and what you want to learn about the
• Determine the target audience
• Check the publication date for relevance. It should have been
published at most five years earlier than the current year.
• Check the reference list while making sure to consider the
correctness of the formatting style.
• Use a concept map or a graphic organizer to note your existing ideas
and knowledge on the topic.
During reading
• Annotate important parts of the text
 Write key words or phrases on the margins in bullet
 Write something on the page margin where important
information is found.
 Write brief notes on the margin.
 Write questions on information that you find confusing.
 Write what you already know about the ideas.
 Write the limitations of the author’s arguments.
 Write notes on the reliability of the text.
 Comment on the author’s biases.
During reading
• Annotate important parts of the text
 Use a concept map or any graphic organizer to note down the ideas being
 React on the arguments presented in the text.
 Underline important words, phrases, or sentences.
 Underline or circle meanings or definitions.
 Mark or highlight relevant/essential parts of the text.
 Use the headings and transition words to identify relationships in the text.
 Create a bank of unfamiliar or technical words.
 Synthesize author’s arguments at the end of chapter or section.
 Determine the main idea of the text.
 Identify the evidence or supporting arguments presented by the author and
check their validity and relevance.
 Identify the findings and note the appropriateness of the research method
After reading
• Reflect on what you learned.
• React on some parts of the text
through writing.
• Discuss some parts with your
teacher or classmates.
• Link the main idea of the text
to what you already know.
Read the following excerpt from the conclusion of Dhiraj et al’s study.
To understand the text better, apply any of the “During Reading”
activities previously discussed.

Given that the influence of mobile technologies on tweeting patterns has been understudied, we sought to
bridge this gap by examining whether tweets from mobile and web-based sources differ significantly in their linguistic
styles. We studied 6 weeks of Twitter spritzer stream data, containing 235 million tweets. We focused on the analysis
of tweets by source-specifically mobile versus web-based sources by time of day. This involved evaluating several
categories or subsets in which mobile sources may be similar to or different from web sources. We used word lists from
social psychology to test for levels of egocentricity, gender style, emotional content, and agency in both mobile and web
Ultimately, we found that mobile tweets are not only more egocentric in language than any other group,
but that the ratio of egocentric to nonegocentric tweets is consistently greater for mobile tweets than from nonmobile
sources. We did not find that mobile tweets were particularly gendered. Regardless of platform, tweets tended to
employ words traditionally associated as masculine. We did find that negative language is used more frequently by
mobile users at any point in time, a finding that would benefit from further research. The ratio of negative to positive
unigrams was also found to be consistently greater for mobile tweets than web tweets. Lastly, we did not find that
mobile-based tweets are more agentic than web-based tweets. Rather, both platforms tended to employ language that
was associated with communal behaviors.
Source: Do We Tweet Differently From Our Mobile Devices? A Study of Language Differences on Mobile
and Web-Based Twitter Platform
Based on the information you learned from the
conclusion of the study, answer the following questions
1. What do you think is the implication of this
new knowledge on how you use twitter?
2. Do you think one’s personality affects the
use of technology? Or do you think
technology affects one’s personality? Why?
3. How does this knowledge affect your
notions about Twitter users?