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PRESENTION

ON
DIAMOND PEIR FONUDATION

SUBMITTED
BY

S R THIVYA
Reg.No: 621418413022

MAHABARATHI ENGINEERING COLLEGE,


CHINNASALEM
DIAMOND PEIR FONUDATION
INTRODUCTION:
With a heightened interest in
sustainability, low impact construction techniques
have been gaining popularity such as “Pin
Foundations” also known as Diamond Pier
Foundation
Alternatively used in place of concrete
footing of small to medium sized structures.
WHAT IS DIAMOND PIER
FOUNDATION?

SHALLOW FOOTING
ANALOGY:

 The foundation system is


comprised of a concrete footing
with 4 batter (or inclined)
“pins” that serve to resist
vertical and lateral loads
•IT’S A UNIQUE COMBINATION OF PRECAST CONCRETE AND
STEEL BEARING PINS. TOGETHER THEY FORM A SOLID
FOUNDATION AND REACHES DEEP INTO THE GROUND-WITHOUT
HAVING TO DIG OR POUR CONCRETE
NEED FOR DIAMOND PIER
FOUNDATION
 Diamond piers are ideal for sites with difficult access as
it allows items to be carried in and manually fixed into
position allowing a structure to be easily removed or
relocated if necessary.
 They provide excellent stability in different soil conditions
and can last considerably with a low level of maintenance.
 it has the potential to eliminate the need for larger sized
concrete foundations thereby saving the need for
additional materials, and minimizing the footprint of the
foundation.
INSTALLATION PROCEDURE
 Make sure that the piers are located far enough away
from the obstructions leaving enough space around the
pier to drive the pins
 Vegetation in the area with significant roots can be
avoided by spinning the piers.
 Diamond piers can accommodate sloping sites, but
slopes greater 2:1 make it difficult to install diamond
piers because the downhill pin can’t get much of a bite
into the soil.
SOIL
 The diamond pier will work in many soil type including
clays, silt, sand and gravel.
 The properties of different soil types affect the bearing
capacity of diamond pier.
 The type of soil also affects the length of pin required.

 It is important to identify the soil within the typical


pin depths. Typically .6-1.52m(2-5 feet)below the
ground surface, but need not involve a testing lab or
expensive coring equipment generally one or two
observations is sufficient for a small project.
 For determining load capacity an engineer must
require angle of internal friction.
STRUCTURE:
 The pier capacity developed in the soil will determine
the spacing for individual diamond piers at post or beam
locations.
 These spacing are determined from framing layouts, the
dead and live loads which are distributed to the piers.
Tall posts need adequate bracing to prevent side sway.
APPLICATION:
 Diamond Pier can support just about any structure
that will connect to a post or beam bracket. Deck,
porches, carports, walkways, ramps, stairs, sheds etc.
 Diamond Pier's lightweight components and ease of
installation makes it the first choice for any project.
 Set the pier, drive the pins, connect the bracket, and
start building.
 On gentle slopes, series of piers may be set at different
heights to adjust for level.
 The pin foundation also uses 40 percent less concrete
than conventional foundations.
ADVANTAGES OF PIN FOUNDATION:
 It can be installed in areas with poor soils/drainage.

 It provides high point-load bearing capacity.

 It requires minimal disturbance and equipment for


installation.
 It requires minimal material.

 It can be used in areas of subsurface obstructions or


difficult ground.
 It can be used in case of limited overhead clearance.

 It can be used in vibration or noise sensitive area.

 It is used to install elements in close proximity to or


through existing footing, columns, walls, or other
structures.
DRIVING PROCESS
THEORETICAL ANALYSIS OF PIN
FOUNDATION

SINGE PILE VS. RETICULATED PILE


NETWORK
SOIL DENSITY VS. SOIL MODULUS

 Soil Density Range of values Average Es (psi)


of Es (psi)
 Loose 130 – 300 250
 Medium 300 – 600 500
 Dense 600 – 1,400 1,000
ALLOWABLE LOAD CAPACITIES VS. BATTER
ANGLE
ADVANTAGES OF PIN FOUNDATION:
 It can be installed in areas with poor soils/drainage.

 It provides high point-load bearing capacity.

 It requires minimal disturbance and equipment for


installation.
 It requires minimal material.

 It can be used in areas of subsurface obstructions or


difficult ground.
 It can be used in case of limited overhead clearance.

 It can be used in vibration or noise sensitive area.

 It is used to install elements in close proximity to or


through existing footing, columns, walls, or other
structures.
REFERENCES
 Bruce, D.A., Bruce, M.E.C., and Traylor, R.P. (1999).
“High Capacity Micropiles – Basic Principles &
Philosophies.” Geotechnical Special Publication, 90, 188-
199.
 Hetenyi, M. (1946). “Beams on Elastic Foundations.” Ann
Arbor: University of Michigan Press.
 Kulhawy, F.H., and Mason, J.A. (1996). “Use of Reticulated
Micropile Groups for Bridge Foundations.”
 Littlejohn, G.S. (1990). “Ground Anchorage Practice.”
Design and Performance of Earth Retaining Structures,
ASCE, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, June 18-21, 692-733.
 Lizzi, F. (1982). “The State Restoration of Monuments.”
Sagep Publishers, Genoa, Italy.
 Muhra, H. (1997). “Micropiles in Northern and Middle
Europe.” Tampere University of Technology, Tempere, Finland
 Pin Foundations, Inc. (2004). “Diamond Pier™: Engineering –
Pier Capacity Overview.”
 < http://pinfoundations.com/docs/cap-overview.pdf > (June 30,
2010).
 Pin Foundations, Inc. (2007). “Diamond Pier™ DP-100.”
<http://pinfoundations.com/docs/dp100.pdf > (June 30, 2010).
QUERIES ?!
THANK YOU