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NATURAL

RESURCES
By
akshat n
& Aryan a
INTRODUCTION
Natural resources are resources that exist
without the actions of humankind. This includes all
valued characteristics such as magnetic,
gravitational, and electrical properties and
forces. On earth we include sunlight, atmosphere,
water, land, air (includes all minerals) along with
all vegetation and animal life that naturally
subsists upon or within the heretofore identified
characteristics nd substances.
CLASSIFICATION
There are various methods of categorizing natural resources, these
include source of origin, stage of development, and by their
renewability. These classifications are described below. On the basis of
origin, natural resources may be divided into:
Biotic — Biotic resources are obtained from the biosphere (living and
organic material), such as forests and animals, and the materials that
can be obtained from them. Fossil fuels such as coal and petroleum are
also included in this category because they are formed from decayed
organic matter.
Abiotic – Abiotic resources are those that come from non-living, non-
material. Examples of abiotic resources include land, fresh water, air
and heavy metals including ores such as gold, iron, copper, silver, etc.
AIR
QUESTION: WHAT IS THE CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF AIR ?

 Answer: This is composition of air in percent by volume :


1. Nitrogen -- N2 -- 78.084% 8. Krypton -- Kr -- 0.000114%
2. Oxygen -- O2 -- 20.9476% 9. Hydrogen -- H2 -- 0.00005%
3. Argon -- Ar -- 0.934% 10. Xenon -- Xe -- 0.0000087%
4. Carbon Dioxide – CO 2 -- 0.0314% 11. Ozone -- O3 -- 0.000007%
5. Neon -- Ne -- 0.001818% 12. Nitrogen Dioxide -- NO2 -- 0.000002%
6 Methane -- CH4 -- 0.0002% 13. Iodine -- I2 -- 0.000001%
7. Helium -- He -- 0.000524% 14. Carbon Monoxide -- CO -- trace
15. Ammonia -- NH3 -- trace
WHY IS AIR IMPORTANT?
The air on planet Earth is largely comprised of nitrogen and oxygen.
Nitrogen is inert and does not affect most living organisms; however, all
living animals require oxygen to survive.Plants require carbon dioxide
to survive, which is also found in the earth’s atmosphere. Some bacteria
require oxygen, but others are called anaerobic species, and they do
not require oxygen. The balance of the various components of the
atmosphere is very important to life on the planet.
If the world had no atmosphere, it would be very cold. Astronomers
studying other planets know that planets without atmospheres have
wildly fluctuating temperatures or they are cold all the time. The Earth’s
air helps to moderate the temperature and make it a habitable place
for living organisms
OZONE DEPLETION: AN INTRODUCTION
Planet Earth has its own natural sunscreen that shields us from the sun's
damaging ultraviolet radiation. It's called the ozone layer: a fragile band
of gases beginning 15 kilometres above our planet, and reaching up to
the 40-kilometre level. Human activities have caused a substantial thinning
of this protective covering — not only over the North and South Poles, but
right over our heads.
The Main Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS)
Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)
The most widely used ODS, accounting for over 80% of total stratospheric ozone
depletion.
Used as coolants in refrigerators, freezers and air conditioners in buildings and
cars manufactured before 1995.
INTRODUCTION
Water is the most common liquid on Earth. It covers about 71.4% of the
Earth.[1] Pure water has no smell, taste, or color. Lakes, oceans, and rivers
are made of water. Rain is water that falls from clouds in the sky. If water
gets very cold (below 0 degrees Celsius), it freezes and becomes ice.
Frozen rain is hail. Snow is formed from water vapour, not rain. If water
gets very hot (above 100 degrees Celsius), it boils and becomes steam.
Water is very important for life.[2] However, some studies suggest that by
2025 more than half the people around the world will not have enough
water.[3]
INDUSTRIAL WATER USE
The industries that produce metals,
WATER POLLUTION
Water pollution is the contamination of water bodies (e.g. lakes,
rivers, oceans, aquifers and groundwater). This form of
environmental degradation occurs when pollutants are directly or
indirectly discharged into water bodies without adequate
treatment to remove harmful compounds.

Water pollution affects the entire biosphere – plants and


organisms living in these bodies of water. In almost all cases the
effect is damaging not only to individual species and population,
but also to the natural biological communities.
FOREST
AFFORESTATION
Afforestation is the establishment of a forest or stand of trees in an area
where there was no previous tree cover.

REFORESTRATION
Reforestation is the natural or intentional restocking of existing forests
and woodlands that have been depletedfrom the air, rebuild natural
habitats and ecosystems, mitigate global warming since forests facilitate
biosequestration of atmospheric carbon dioxide, and harvest for
resources, particularly timber, but also non-timber forest products.
CHIPKO ANDOLAN
The

In 1987, the Chipko Movement was awarded the Right


Livelihood Award.[7] The chipko aandolan is a
movement that practised the Gandhian methods of
Satyagraha where both male and female activists
played vital roles, including Gaura Devi, Sudesha Devi,
Bachni Devi and Chandi Prasad Bhatt.
ENERGY RESOURCES
WIND ENERGY
Wind is a form of solar energy. Winds are caused by
the uneven heating of the atmosphere by the sun, the
irregularities of the earth's surface, and rotation of the
earth. Wind flow patterns are modified by the earth's
terrain, bodies of water, and vegetative cover. This
wind flow, or motion energy, when "harvested" by
modern wind turbines, can be used to generate
electricity.
HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANT
A complex of installations and equipment that is used
to convert the energy of a stream of water into
electrical energy. A hydroelectric power plant consists
of a sequential chain of hydraulic-engineering
facilities that provide the necessary concentration of
water flow and create a head, as well as power-
generating equipment for transforming the energy of
water moving under pressure into the mechanical
energy of rotation, which in turn is transformed into
electrical energy.
WHAT CAN WE DO FOR CONSERVING NDTURDL
RESOURCES?
Today, most of the people are finding many ways for conserving natural resources. One of the
great option before is Hydro-power and solar power. Power can be generated from these sources
and these are the best ways for natural resources conservation like fossil fuels. There is also way
to conserve natural resource like trees. It can be conserve through recycling process. Many
products come from the trees like papers, cups, cardboards and envelopes. By recycling these
products you can reduce the number of trees cut down a year. One should make the most use of
these paper products without being wasteful and then recycle them. This is one great way for
conserving natural resources.
Fossil fuels on Earth will not last forever; we need to conserve these fossil fuels. To conserve fossil
fuels one can choose to buy a hybrid car. Some of these cars will run on electricity combined with
using small amounts of gas. Some hybrid cars just run on electricity. Either way it is a great way
for conserving natural resources when it is concern with fossil fuels.