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Prof.

Sundarapandiyan Natarajan, Associate


Professor, VIMS
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
 The HRM concept as we know today, is a recent emergence.
Its roots go all the way back to the industrial revolution of the
mid- eighteenth century which was characterized by the
development of machinery, the linking of power to machines
and the establishment of factories employing many workers.
 The labour was considered a commodity to be bought and
sold on those days.
 labour was grouped among themselves to bring about some
alleviation in their wretched condition.
 The results was growth of an adversarial relationship
between management and labour.
 This development along with the advent of collective
bargaining between labour and management laid the
foundation of HRM as we understood them today.
EVOLUTION OF PERSONAL FUNCTION

 THE COMMODITY CONCEPT.


 THE FACTOR OF PRODUCTION CONCEPT.
 THE GOODWILL CONCEPT.
 THEPATERNALISTIC CONCEPT/PATERNALISM.
 THE HUMANITARIAN CONCEPT.
 THE HUMAN RESOURCE CONCEPT.
 THE EMERGING CONCEPT.
GROWTH IN INDIA
 EARLY PHASE

The minimum wage rate and incentive wage plans were


included in the Babylonian code if Hammurabi around
1800B.C.
The span of management and related concepts of
organization were understood by Moses around 1250B.C.
Kautily, in India made reference to various concepts like
job analysis, selection procedures, executive
development, incentive system and PA.
GROWTH IN INDIA
LEGAL PHASE

 This phase can be considered as period after 1920.


 The royal commission on labour in 1931 suggested the
appointment of labour officer to protect workers’ interests
and act as spokesperson of labour.
 After independence, the factories act 1948,made it obligatory
for factories employing 500 or more workers.
GROWTH IN INDIA
WELFARE PHASE

During the 1960s the scope of personnel function has


expanded a bit,covering labour welfare,participative
management,industry harmony,etc.
In this period, the human relations movement of the
west had also had its impact on indian organisations.
which was lead to harmonious industrial relations and
good HR practices.
GROWTH IN INDIA
DEVELOPMENT PHASE

This is the period where HR professionals focused more


on developmental aspects of human resources.
More emphasis on harmonious balance between
employee demands and organizational requirements.
HRD has come to occupy a centre stage and focal point
of discussion in seminars,conferences and academic
meets.