Sie sind auf Seite 1von 33

THE NATURE OF

MATHEMATICS
LET’S PLAY!!!
_P _A _T T_ E_ R_ N
_
_ U_ M
N _ _B E_ R_ S_
_ A_ _T U_ R_ E_
N
_ _O _R L_ _D
W
PATTERNS AND
NUMBERS IN NATURE
AND THE WORLD
NATURE AND
THE WORLD
• Patterns in nature are visible forms
found in the natural world
• Patterns occur in different contexts
and can sometimes be modelled.
• Natural patterns
include symmetries, trees, spirals,
waves, foams , cracks and stripes.
6
Nature and the world is
full of patterns underlaid
by a Mathematical
Principles.
Fibonacci
Sequence
Who was Fibonacci?
■Leonardo Pisano, “the greatest European
mathematician of the middle ages”
Origin of Fibonacci
■ How Many Pairs of Rabbits Are Created
by One Pair in One Year
A certain man had one pair of
rabbits together in a certain enclosed
place, and one wishes to know how many
are created from the pair in one year
when it is the nature of them in a single
month to bear another pair, and in the
second month those born to bear also.
http://www.maths.surrey.ac.uk/hosted-sites/R.Knott/Fibonacci/fibBio.html
https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwi3n8arzubbAhXQUd4KHa9PBvAQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Findianexpress.com
%2Farticle%2Fblogs%2Fproblematics-the-breeding-habits-of-facebook-shares-and-fibonacci-rabbits%2F&psig=AOvVaw1APfk4D3Z6_WYYJ0ezOQqC&ust=1529733274940874
■Thus, we get the following sequence:
0 , 1 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 8 , 13 , 21 , 34 , 55
, 89 , 144 , …

To get the sequence, you must add the last


two to get the next.
Fibonacci
Sequence in
Nature
Spiral seen in
the
arrangement of
seeds in the
head of this
sunflower
https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjg1_fU0Obb
AhUBm5QKHSx-BfYQjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.daringgourmet.com%2Fcoconut-sunflower-seed-
cookies%2F&psig=AOvVaw0PdGsN11WVgngo-UvKD8RY&ust=1529734867463851
number.
https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwjNg9X_0ebbAhXHy7wKHSIIBv0QjRx6BAgBEAU&url=https%3A%2F%2Fp
ixelstrobist.com%2Ffibonacci-numbers-in-petals-of-various-flowers%2F&psig=AOvVaw3keJc2LRBYPhAdzr3-pbKn&ust=1529735225085304

The number of petals on a flower are


often Fibonacci numbers.
https://www.google.com.ph/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwieyKfJ0-
bbAhWKA4gKHQLfD_4QjRx6BAgBEAU&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.ilerimatematik.com%2F711-
2&psig=AOvVaw1pecLuyz5R3dLjTFbvZONG&ust=1529735614791745
Mathematical
Language and
Symbols syntax
and rules
Mathematical Language
■ Mathematics has its own language, some of it may
consist of what we use almost everyday of our lives
i.e, telephones which makes us familiar with the
language.
■ There are symbols to further understand the
language and helps us to be precise.
■ To help us further understand, there are two
things to guide us.
■ Context – which is what we are currently
studying or working with, these are the
particular topics that are being studied with.
■ Convention – where professionals ie.
mathematicians and scientists have decided
that each symbol will have its own particular
meaning
Common Mathematical Symbols
■ These sums up the basic symbols
of the mathematical symbols of
which we already know.

■ +,-,x,÷
The Symbol “ + ”
■Associated with the word
“plus” , “add” , “increase” ,
“positive”.
■It consists of adding both
numbers into one.
The Symbol “ – ”
■Associated with the words “minus”
, “subtract” , “take away” ,
“negative” , and “decrease”.
■Which means decreasing or taking
away a certain given number.
The Symbol “ X ”
■Associated with the words “multiply” ,
and “times”.
■It’s a shorthand for adding
i.e, 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5
■We can see six of fives and in our
shorthand we can write this as “5 x 6”
The Symbol “ ÷ ”
■Division is symbolized in three different
ways, i.e;
(10 ÷ 5) , (10/5) , ( )
■Above are the three equivalent ways of
writing 10 divided by 5.
■Division can be read as “how many times
will 5 go into 10?”
The “ = ” Sign
■ The equal “=” sign mean whatever
we have on the left-hand side is
exactly equal to whatever we have
on the right-hand side.
■i.e; 3 + 5 = 8 , 5 x 5 = 25 ,
100/5 = 20
The Greek Alphabet
■You will find that Greek letters are used in
many calculations.
■ For example, the Greek letter ‘pi’, written
π, is used to represent the number
3.14159.... This number continues forever
without repeating.
■We often use α (‘alpha’), β (‘beta’),
and θ (‘theta’) to represent angles.
■The Greek capital letter ‘sigma’ or Σ
is frequently used to represent the
addition of several numbers, and
you will see it provided for this
purpose on the toolbar of any
spreadsheet program.