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# THE NATURE OF

MATHEMATICS
LET’S PLAY!!!
_P _A _T T_ E_ R_ N
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N _ _B E_ R_ S_
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_ _O _R L_ _D
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PATTERNS AND
NUMBERS IN NATURE
AND THE WORLD
NATURE AND
THE WORLD
• Patterns in nature are visible forms
found in the natural world
• Patterns occur in different contexts
and can sometimes be modelled.
• Natural patterns
include symmetries, trees, spirals,
waves, foams , cracks and stripes.
6
Nature and the world is
full of patterns underlaid
by a Mathematical
Principles.
Fibonacci
Sequence
Who was Fibonacci?
■Leonardo Pisano, “the greatest European
mathematician of the middle ages”
Origin of Fibonacci
■ How Many Pairs of Rabbits Are Created
by One Pair in One Year
A certain man had one pair of
rabbits together in a certain enclosed
place, and one wishes to know how many
are created from the pair in one year
when it is the nature of them in a single
month to bear another pair, and in the
second month those born to bear also.
http://www.maths.surrey.ac.uk/hosted-sites/R.Knott/Fibonacci/fibBio.html
■Thus, we get the following sequence:
0 , 1 , 1 , 2 , 3 , 5 , 8 , 13 , 21 , 34 , 55
, 89 , 144 , …

## To get the sequence, you must add the last

two to get the next.
Fibonacci
Sequence in
Nature
Spiral seen in
the
arrangement of
seeds in the
sunflower
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number.

## The number of petals on a flower are

often Fibonacci numbers.
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2&psig=AOvVaw1pecLuyz5R3dLjTFbvZONG&ust=1529735614791745
Mathematical
Language and
Symbols syntax
and rules
Mathematical Language
■ Mathematics has its own language, some of it may
consist of what we use almost everyday of our lives
i.e, telephones which makes us familiar with the
language.
■ There are symbols to further understand the
language and helps us to be precise.
■ To help us further understand, there are two
things to guide us.
■ Context – which is what we are currently
studying or working with, these are the
particular topics that are being studied with.
■ Convention – where professionals ie.
mathematicians and scientists have decided
that each symbol will have its own particular
meaning
Common Mathematical Symbols
■ These sums up the basic symbols
of the mathematical symbols of

■ +,-,x,÷
The Symbol “ + ”
■Associated with the word
“plus” , “add” , “increase” ,
“positive”.
numbers into one.
The Symbol “ – ”
■Associated with the words “minus”
, “subtract” , “take away” ,
“negative” , and “decrease”.
■Which means decreasing or taking
away a certain given number.
The Symbol “ X ”
■Associated with the words “multiply” ,
and “times”.
i.e, 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5 + 5
■We can see six of fives and in our
shorthand we can write this as “5 x 6”
The Symbol “ ÷ ”
■Division is symbolized in three different
ways, i.e;
(10 ÷ 5) , (10/5) , ( )
■Above are the three equivalent ways of
writing 10 divided by 5.
■Division can be read as “how many times
will 5 go into 10?”
The “ = ” Sign
■ The equal “=” sign mean whatever
we have on the left-hand side is
exactly equal to whatever we have
on the right-hand side.
■i.e; 3 + 5 = 8 , 5 x 5 = 25 ,
100/5 = 20
The Greek Alphabet
■You will find that Greek letters are used in
many calculations.
■ For example, the Greek letter ‘pi’, written
π, is used to represent the number
3.14159.... This number continues forever
without repeating.
■We often use α (‘alpha’), β (‘beta’),
and θ (‘theta’) to represent angles.
■The Greek capital letter ‘sigma’ or Σ
is frequently used to represent the