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( June 25, 1950 – July 27, 1953)

Presented By: Shreya Chitrakar

(Section ‘C’ )
• Who were involved?
• How it began?
• The war
• How it ended?
• Casualties and Economic Losses
• Brief Timeline
• References
Who were involved?
North Korea South Korea
• Soviet Union • United States of America
• Leader: Syngman Rhee
• Leader: Kim Il Sung • US President: Harry
• Chinese leader :Mao Truman
Zedong • General Douglas
• New Us President: Dwight
D. Eisenhower
Syngman Rhee Kim II-Sung
(1875-1965) (1912-1994)
How it began?
• Before WWII Korea was
under Imperial Japanese
rule; after divided into two
• North- Soviet Union,
South- United States of
• Divided by 38th parallel
The War
• Outcome of cold war between two power blocks: US(capitalism) AND
Soviet Union(communism)
• the North Korean army pushed into Seoul on 25 June 1950
• a war to get the communists out of South Korea
• 21 countries of the United Nations contributed to the UN force
• US providing 88% of the UN's military personnel
• North Korean army: well disciplined, well trained and well-equipped
• South Korean army: frightened, confused and likely to flee
• As a result the US army suffered badly
• New strategy by US commander MacArthur; in September 1950, a
UN counter-offensive launched at Incheon
• cut off many North Korean troops, South Korean army crossed 38th
parallel and reached Yalu river
• China threatened, sent troops to North Korea and warned US about a
possible full-scale war
How it ended?
• In July 1951, US government started peace talks at Panmunjom
• Peace talks lasted for 2 years
• Two sides could not agree on whether prisoners of war should be
forcibly repatriated
• In 1952, new US president appointed; agreed with Chinese and
North Koreans
• Finally the signed the armistice agreement on July 27, 1953 and
the war supposedly ended
• No peace treaty is signed till date
Casualties and Economic Losses:
• Nearly 10,000 North and South Korean soldiers were killed in battle before
the war
• Nearly 5 million people died( including 33,600 Americans,16,000 UN
allied,415,000 South Koreans and 520,000 North Koreans)
• Rate of civilian casualties was higher than World War II’s and Vietnam’s
• More than 100,000 Americans wounded and estimated 900,000 Chinese
• Loss of $30 billion or 5.2% of GDP
• Compensation benefit costs: $2.8 billion a year
• Economy contracted by 0.6% in 1954
Dates Events

1945 Division of Peninsula; creation of 38th parallel

1949 S.U and U.S withdraw military
June 25,1950 North Korea invades South Korea
June 27,1950 US intervention
September US forces push North Korean troops back north of 38th parallel
November Chinese intervention
July 1951 Negotiations began
July 27,1953 Armistice signed, war ended, no peace treaties signed
References :