Sie sind auf Seite 1von 29

Warehouse and DC Management (WM)

SAP Best Practices for Retail


Purpose, Benefits, and Key Process Steps

Purpose
 This scope item describes the processing procedure for retail goods in a distribution center,
using a warehouse management system with inventory management at storage bin level. In this
scope item, distribution center will refer to a warehouse that is supplied by vendors, that stores
the merchandise and then prepares it to be shipped to customers or stores.

Benefits
 As warehouse processes depend greatly on the amount of space available, the organization of
the warehouse and the merchandise stored there, this scope item should be viewed simply as an
example for implementation purposes. However, with very little effort, this example can be
adapted to fit any customer-specific situation.

Key Process Steps


 Goods Receipt Processing
 Return Deliveries
 Internal Warehouse Replenishment
 Goods Issue Processing
 Warehouse Physical Inventory
 Tools and Workbenches

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 2


Required SAP Applications and Company Roles

Required SAP Applications


 SAP Enhancement Package 7 for SAP ERP 6.0

Company Roles
 Retail Warehouse Specialist

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 3


Process Flow Diagram
Warehouse and DC Management (WM)

Create Create Receipt of Post Rough Enter an


Purchase Purchase Create Inbound Appointmen Actual
Order for Order for Delivery t Planing incoming Goods Appointmen
Single Article Generic Article Goods Receipt t

Issuing the Search for the Alternative 1: Alternative 1:


Retail Warehouse Specialist

Article Create a
Document as Return Article Log-on to Confirm Asynchronous Put away
Goods Issue / Delivery Document for the Terminal without Warehouse Preparation
Receipt Slip Goods Receipt difference Management

Create a Alternative 2:
Transfer Order Confirm with
in the difference
Warehouse

Goods Replenishment Create a Confirm Create an


Collection Planning Transfer Transfer Outbound
Order Order Delivery

Ressource Goods
Putaway Planning with Receipt with
Processing Reference to
the RF Monitor the Rough
Goods
Receipt

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 4


Process Flow Diagram
Warehouse and DC Management (WM)

Alternative 1:
Confirm
without
difference Resource
Create Transfer Alternative 1: Planning in Monitor from
Order as a Asynchronous the Monitor Log-on to Mobile Data Post Goods
Picking Warehouse for Mobile the Terminal Entry Issue
Document Management Data Entry Monitor
Alternative 2:
Confirm with
difference

Confirm Alternative 1: 7.4.1.1 Create


Retail Warehouse Specialist

Subsequent Transfer Orders Create Transfer Automatic Creating Alternative Deliveries


Delivery Split in Collective Orders in Capacity- Wave Picks 1: with Planned
Processing Collective Driven Creation Manual Picking Time
Processing of Wave Picks Creation

Goods Issue in Trigger Alternative 2:


Collective Inventory Creating Wave
Processing Recount Picks Manually

Create a Carry Out Post Post Determine


Physical Manual Entry Inventory Differences in Differences in Difference Inventory
Inventory Recount Warehouse Inventory Statistics Status
Document Management Management

Wave Pick Outbound Warehouse


Monitor Delivery Activity
Monitor Monitor

Rough Rough Workload


Workload Estimate After
Creation of
Estimate After Outbound
Goods Issue Deliveries

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 5


Document Flow in the Warehouse

PO
Inb. Delivery
Rough GR

PUTAWAY
GR
GRArea
Area
GOODS RECEIPT TRANSFER ORDER

WAREHOUSE
Outb. Del.
Shipping
Shipping PICKING
GOODS ISSUE Area
Area TRANSFER ORDER

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 6


Inventory Management - IM vs. WM

Inventory Management on article


level

Fixed storage bin can be maintained


Site in the article master (text field)
Storage Location

Whse number Inventory Management on bin level


Storage type Putaway / Picking strategies are
Storage section used
Storage bin
Storage bin is master data and can
be determined by strategy (other
than fixed)

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 7


Warehouse Structure - Warehouse PC1

Gate 1 Gate 2

Section 002 Slow moving items


1 2
H01
High Rack Storage
Random Storage GR-Area

Section 001 Fast moving items

Section 001
Total Section
Section 002 Slow moving items
H01 / B01 / F01 K01
Storage for Picking storage type
Special Goods Fixed storage bins
Section 001 Fast moving items
(depending on
GI-Area
master data)
3 4
Gate 3 Gate 4

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 8


Storage Bins - Warehouse PC1

Gate 1 Gate 2

1 2

10 Aisles, 10 Stacks, 10 Levels


Level 01 - 04 Fast moving items
Level 05 - 10 Slow moving items GR-Area
Bins 01-01-01 to 10-10-10

5 aisles, 21 aisles, each with 50 bins


25 bins each Bins 01-20 Fast moving, Bins 21-50 Slow moving
Aisles 01-07 Picking Area 001
Aisles 08-14 Picking Area 002
All Storage bins in Aisles 15-21 Picking Area 003
Total Section Bins KOM-01-001 to KOM21-050

Bins 01-001
to 05-025 GI-Area
3 4
Gate 3 Gate 4

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 9


Putaway – Post Goods Receipt

GI
Goods
Do
Goods Receipt
Receipt cu
 Movement me
Movement typetype nt
 Article
Article
 Quantity
Quantity
 Site
Site
 Stor.
Stor. location
location

WM
Warehouse

Quant

in the GR-Area of
the Warehouse
Transfer Requirement

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 10


Putaway – Transfer Order
Transfer Requirement

Quant Pu
(ph
t
ica aw
ys
lm
ov y
a
e
me
nt)

Create
Transfer Order

Automatical
determination
of storage bins

Transfer Order Confirm


Transfer Order
Confirm storage bin
and quantity

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 11


Warehouse Data in the Article Master

Article Master Data


Warehouse Management

 Warehouse number (PC1)


 Storage type (K01)
 Picking storage type (K01)

 Storage bin (KOM-04-003)


 Maximum bin quantity (50)
 Minimum bin quantity (10)
 Rounding quantity (blank)
 Control quantity (blank)
 Replenishment qty. (blank)

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 12


Stock check – Triggering Replenishment

Stock in bin
smaller than
minimum quantity?

Trigger
replenishment

Reserve storage Transfer request


is generated
Create Picking Zone
Transfer Order

Physical Goods Transport

Confirm
Transfer Order

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 13


Picking – Delivery

Delivery
Delivery
Delivery
 Article
 Article
 Quantity
 Quantity
 Site
 Site Goods Issue
Stor.
 Stor. Location
Location

WM
Warehouse

! Delivery is relevant for picking

! Transfer order required


© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 14
Picking – Transfer Order

Delivery
Quant

Create Pic
Transfer Order
(ph
ys
ic k
al ing
mo
v em
Automatical en
determination t)
of storage bins Picking Storage Type

Picking List Quant


Transfer Order
Confirm In the
Transfer Order shipping
zone
Confirm Picking Quantity

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 15


Picking – Goods Issue

Delivery
Delivery
Delivery  Article
 Article Goods
 Quantity
 Quantity Issue
 Site
 Site Goods Issue
 Stor.
 Stor. Location
Location

WM
Warehouse

! Delivery is relevant for picking

! TransferPicking is finished
order required

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 16


Mass Processing of Deliveries

Delivery Manual creation in the outbound delivery monitor


Delivery using selection by:
 Shipping point
Delivery  Picking date
Delivery  Route, carrier ...
 Free selection
Delivery
Delivery
Delivery Automatic generation using selection by:
 Picking date / time
 Additional filter by several criteria
(e.g. route, shipping point, ship-to-party ...)
Considering capacity restrictions:
 Weight, volume
Group of Outbound  Maximum items on the picking list
Deliveries  Working time
 ...
or
Wave Pick
© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 17
Mass Processing of Deliveries

Delivery
Delivery
Delivery
Delivery
Delivery
Delivery
Collective Follow-On-Processing:
Delivery  Create transfer order
 Confirm transfer order
 Post goods issue

Group of Outbound
Deliveries
or
Wave Pick

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 18


Warehouse Activity Monitor

List of all processes within a critical


timeframe for execution:
• Unconfirmed transfer orders
• Open transfer requirements
• Critical deliveries
• ...

Direct
follow-on-processing
of the critical
documents

List of all
critical documents

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 19


Rough Workload Estimate

Planned
Goods Issue Calculation of
workload using: Estimated
Delivery Workload in:
Delivery  Logistics Load Category
 Unit of Measure  Quantity
Delivery  Whse no. / storage type  Weight
Delivery  Warehouse process  Volume
 Execution time
Delivery
Information on:
 needed manpower
 needed transport
capacity

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 20


Mobile Data Entry in WM

Mobile Data Entry:


 Mobile terminals in a radio frequency network
 Robust hardware made for use in the warehouse
 Built-in barcode scanner
 Touch screen for easy use
 Simplified SAPGui (SAPConsole) as user interface

R/3 Online processing User interface


Application SAPGui
SAPConsole

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 21


Controlling the Warehouse via RF-Monitor

RF-Monitor of the warehouse manager • transfer orders run into workload


queues
• The warehouse employees are
assigned these queues and thus a
workload of TOs.
• The overload of a queue can be
avoided by monitoring the displayed
Tr TOs/employee relation.
an
sf e
rO Touch screen of the
rd
er warehouse employee
s
The system provides the warehouse
employees with transfer orders from their
queue continuously.

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 22


Physical Inventory with WM

Continuous Physical Inventory


Create Physical Inventory
Document

Activate Physical Inventory


Document Block storage bins

Print / Release
Count List

Count, Weigh, Measure,


Estimate

Record Inventory Count


Results

Process
Initialize Recount Difference List

Clear differences in Inventory


Warehouse Management Difference

Unblock storage bins Clear differences in


Inventory Management

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 23


Benefits of Continuous Physical Inventory

Better distribution of workload in the warehouse

The inventory can be carried out in periods with lower


workload

Periodic Inventories are usually time consuming and


labour intensive

Up-to-date information on the availability of the stock in


the warehouse

The cost of the inventory can be reduced by planning it


carefully

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 24


Processes Goods Receipt and Return Deliveries

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 25


Processes Replenishment and Goods Issue

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 26


Process Variant Mass Processing of Deliveries

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 27


Process Warehouse Physical Inventory

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 28


© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved.

No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or for any purpose without the express permission of SAP SE or an
SAP affiliate company.

SAP and other SAP products and services mentioned herein as well as their respective logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP SE
(or an SAP affiliate company) in Germany and other countries. Please see http://global12.sap.com/corporate-en/legal/copyright/index.epx for additional
trademark information and notices.

Some software products marketed by SAP SE and its distributors contain proprietary software components of other software vendors.

National product specifications may vary.

These materials are provided by SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company for informational purposes only, without representation or warranty of any kind,
and SAP SE or its affiliated companies shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. The only warranties for SAP SE or
SAP affiliate company products and services are those that are set forth in the express warranty statements accompanying such products and
services, if any. Nothing herein should be construed as constituting an additional warranty.

In particular, SAP SE or its affiliated companies have no obligation to pursue any course of business outlined in this document or any related
presentation, or to develop or release any functionality mentioned therein. This document, or any related presentation, and SAP SE’s or its affiliated
companies’ strategy and possible future developments, products, and/or platform directions and functionality are all subject to change and may be
changed by SAP SE or its affiliated companies at any time for any reason without notice. The information in this document is not a commitment,
promise, or legal obligation to deliver any material, code, or functionality. All forward-looking statements are subject to various risks and uncertainties
that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations. Readers are cautioned not to place undue reliance on these forward-looking
statements, which speak only as of their dates, and they should not be relied upon in making purchasing decisions.

© 2014 SAP SE or an SAP affiliate company. All rights reserved. 29