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BILL OF RIGHTS

ARTICLE III

SECTIONS
13-18
SECTION 13
The Right to Bail and
Against Excessive Bail

• The right to bail shall not be impaired even


when the privilege of the habeas corpus is
suspended.

• Excessive shall not be required


RIGHTS OF THE ACCUSED
SECTION 14
No person shall be held to answer for a
criminal offense without the due
process of law

• In all criminal prosecutions the accused


shall be presumed innocent until proven
guilty, and shall enjoy the right to be
heard by himself.
CRIMINAL CASES
• Rights of the accused- a case has already
been filed

People of the Philippines vs. the


Accused

• The relationship between the state and the


individual
CRIMINAL DUE PROCESS
Constitutional Provision
“no person shall be held to answer for a
criminal offense without due process of law.”

Procedural Aspect
• The accused is brought into a court of
competent jurisdiction.
• He is notified of the case.
• He is given the opportunity to be heard.
• There is a valid judgment deliberated and
rendered by the court.

Substantive Aspect
• The criminal cases must be based on a
penal law
Right to appeal
• It is not a constitutional right.

Impartiality of the Court


• Extends to preliminary investigations
• One of the instances wherein impartiality
is compromised is the so-called trial by
publicity.

Military Courts
• It has its own unique set of procedures.
Rights of the Accused during Trial

Constitutional Provisions
• Right to be presumed innocent until the
contrary is proved
• Right to be heard by himself and counsel
• Right to be informed of the nature and
cause of the accusation against him
• Right to have a speedy, impartial, and
public trial
• Right to meet the witnesses face to face
• Right to have compulsory process to
secure the attendance of witnesses and
the production of evidence in his behalf.

Criminal Prosecution
• These are rights of the accused “in
criminal prosecutions.”
SECTION 15
The Privilege of the Writ of Habeas
Corpus shall not be suspended except
in cases of invasion or rebellion when
the public safety requires it.
SECTION 16

The right to speedy disposition in


all cases before all judicial, quasi-
judicial, or administrative bodies.
SECTION 17
No person shall be compelled to be a
witness against himself

• The Right Against Self-Incrimination


Meaning

Right against Self-Incrimination


• The right allows a person not to
answer an incriminating question
When Right is Available

The right is available in all government


proceedings

• criminal or civil
• judicial or quasi-judicial or
administrative
• legislative investigations and
impeachment proceedings
The right is not self-executing

The right can be invoked under proper


circumstances.
• Special utilization of the right is given to
the accused.
a.) witness
b.) accused
Physical or moral compulsion to extort
communication from the accused is
prohibited.

State witnesses cannot avail of the


right
• They are given immunity or protection to
testify.
• They are no longer be prosecuted for the
crime for which they are testifying.
Basis of the Right
• The accused is already in an adverse
position.
• The right is founded on public policy
and humanity.
SECTION 18
(1)No person shall be detained solely by
reason of his political beliefs and
aspirations.

(2)No involuntary servitude in any form


shall exist except in punishment for a
crime thereof the party shall have been
duly convicted.