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International & Domestic

Tour Planning, Packaging,

Dec 17, 1903 – Orville Wright flew the first heavier-than-air aircraft
he built with brother Wilbur in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, USA.
The first flight covered only 120 feet and lasted only 12 seconds,
but it changed history!
The Germans (c/o Mercedes) developed the propeller plane in the

British (c/o Comodore Whittle) developed the jet engine in the

Since the birth of flight in 1903, air travel has emerged as a crucial
means of transportation for people and products. The hundred-plus
years following the invention of the first aircraft have brought about
a revolution in the way people travel. The airline business is a major
industry, relied upon by millions not only for transportation but also
as a way of making a living.
Airline services can be categorized as being
intercontinental, domestic, regional, or
international, and may be operated as
scheduled services or charters.

The largest airline currently is American

Airlines Group.
Air Transport Concerns
Safety and Security
2 Types of Flights
Chartered Flights – private flights
Commercial Flights – scheduled flights
managed by airliners

2 Types of Commercial Flights

Domestic Flights
International Flights
3 Type of Airports
Air strips / Air fields – private hangars/ airports
Domestic Airports – caters to only local
Commercial flights

International Airports – caters to all types of

Commercial flights
A transportation company wherein a client signs a
contract (their ticket) wherein the airline will agree to
safely travel a passenger with his and / or luggage (in
some cases cargo only)
Can pertain to either
LCCs (low-cost carriers or budget airlines)
Full-service Airlines
Characteristics of a Full Service Airline
Tickets are pricier BUT…
Comes with complimentary meals and services
Higher Baggage Allowance (in terms of weight)
Tickets are typically valid longer
Seats can be more spacious in economy
Are serviced in the city’s main terminal
Have 3 types of bookings classes: (F) First Class, (C)
Business Class and (Y) Economy Class. Some today even
have Premiere First Class.
Characteristics of a Low-Cost Carrier
Only one passenger class = Y Class
Only 1 type of aircraft (easier maintenance, reservations)
Use secondary airports and quick turn-arounds (faster
No seating reservations = more demands more
Internet booking now popular, no frills = low fares!