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What is circulatory system?
 The circulatory system, also called
the cardiovascular system or the vascular system,
is an organ system that permits blood to circulate
and transport nutrients (such as amino
acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon
dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from
the cells in the body to provide nourishment and
help in fighting diseases, stabilize
temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
 Thecirculatory system consists of three
independent systems that work together: the
heart (cardiovascular), lungs (pulmonary), and
arteries, veins, coronary and portal vessels
 An average adult has 5 to 6 quarts (4.7 to 5.6
liters) of blood, which is made up of plasma, red
blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
 The heart is a muscular organ with four
chambers. Located just behind and slightly
left of the breastbone, it pumps blood
through the network of arteries and veins
called the cardiovas- cular system.
 Thecirculatory system of the blood is
seen as having two components, a
systemic circulation and a pulmonary
 Thesystemic circulation is a major portion of
the circulatory system. The network of veins,
arteries and blood vessels transports
oxygenated blood from the heart, delivers
oxygen and nutrients to the body's cells and
then returns deoxygenated blood back to
the heart.
 Thepulmonary circulation is the portion of
the circulatory system which carries
deoxygenated blood away from the right
ventricle, to the lungs, and returns
oxygenated blood to the left atrium and
ventricle of the heart. The term pulmonary
circulation is readily paired and
contrasted with the systemic circulation
 humans, as well as other vertebrates, have
a closed cardiovascular system (meaning
that the blood never leaves the network
of arteries, veins and capillaries),
some invertebrate groups have an open
cardiovascular system. The lymphatic
system, on the other hand, is an open
system providing an accessory route for
excess interstitial fluid to be returned to the
blood.[5] The more
primitive, diploblastic animal phyla lack
circulatory systems.
 Many diseases affect the circulatory system. This
includes cardiovascular disease, affecting the
cardiovascular system, and lymphatic
disease affecting the lymphatic
system. Cardiologists are medical professionals which
specialise in the heart, and cardiothoracic
surgeons specialise in operating on the heart and its
surrounding areas. Vascular surgeons focus on other
parts of the circulatory system.