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Creative
Writing
Elements of the
Genre
A. Essential Elements
WHAT IS
GENRE?
WHAT IS
THEME?
1. Theme- is the
lesson about life or
statement about
human nature that
the poem expresses.
The theme refers to
the central idea, the
thesis, the message a
story conveys, or a
generalization or an
abstraction from it.
WHAT IS
TONE
Tone is poet’s attitude
toward the poem’s
speaker, reader, and
subject matter, as
interpreted by the
reader.
“I LOVE YOU”
FATHER: “We are going
on vacation.”
SON: “That’s great!!!”
-The tone of son’s response
is very cheerful.
FATHER: “We can’t go on
vacation this summer.”
SON: “Yeah, great! That’s
what I expected.”
The kind touch of her
mother’s hand
comforted her in her pain.
In poetry, the term
tone refers to the
intellectual and
emotional attitudes of
the poet towards his or
her intended audience.
CONVENTIONAL
FORM
1. TANAGA
A Tanaga is a short
poetic from that’s the
Filipino equivalent of
the Japanese haiku.
It is an untitled
poem of four(4) lines
with each line
equally having seven
to nine syllables.
It is made up of
two couplets that
have a rhyme
scheme aabb.
Like the Japanese haiku
and tanka, the tanaga
traditionally does not
have a title, since the
poem should be able to
stand on its own.
EXAMPLE:
Palay siyang matino,
Nang humangi’y yumuko;
Nguni’t muling tumayo
Nagkabunga ng ginto
(PALAY)
EXAMPLE:
Putol-putol na ugat,
Sa dibdib nitong gubat,
Ay nakikipag-usap,
Sa nag-iwi ng tabak.
EXAMPLE:
Mataas sa pag-upo,
Mababa ‘pag tumayo.
Kaibigan kong ginto,
Karamay at kalaro.
EXAMPLE:
Matanda na ang nuno,
Hindi pa naliligo.
Sa tubig nagtatago.
Tinik ang sinusuyo.
EXAMPLE:
Ang katoto kapag tunay
hindi ngiti ang pag-alay
kundi isang katapatan
ng mataus na pagdamay.
2. DIONA
is another
indigenous or
native Tagalog
fixed poetic form.
It is composed of three
octosyllabic lines with a
monorhyme, or three
lines containing eight
syllables each that all
rhyme with one another.
•The diona was originally
sung rather than recited.
The diona as a domestic
song could either be a
courting song or a
wedding song.
• EXAMPLE:
• Mayag aco sa masiguing,
• ang malubay na ang aquin,
• malayo ang madarating.

• I'm ready to take on a taut strand,


• but I'd rather take the slack one,
• for I could go far that way.
(Lumbera 21)
2. DIONA
EXAMPLE:

Ang payong ko’y si inay


Kapote ko si itay
Sa maulan kong buhay

-Raymond Pambit
2. HAIKU
EXAMPLE:

Lolo, huwag malulungkot


Ngayong uugod-ugod
Ako po’y inyong tungkod

-Gregorio Rodillo
3. Haiku- is a
traditional form
of Japanese
poetry.
3. Haiku- is a form of poetry
that focuses on a brief
moment in time, and a
sense of sudden A haiku is
usually composed of
seventeen syllables in three
short lines.
The first line often
contains five
syllables, the second
line seven syllables,
and the third line five
syllables.
A haiku is usually written
in present tense, with a
pause at the end of the
first or second line, and it
normally doesn’t rhyme.
Example 1:
(5) The sky is so blue
(7) The sun is so warm up high
(5) I love the summer.
Example 1:
“isang gabi”

(5) Ngumiti sa’kin


(7) Buwan sa kalangitan
(5) Ang ganda ko daw
Example 1:
“HUWAG ITAGO”

(5) Maging tapat ka


(7) Sabihin ang problema
(5) Huwag mangamba
Example 1:
“TAPAT DAPAT”

(5) Kung maghahanap


(7) Kaibigang kausap
(5) Dapat ay tapat
IV. SONNET
4. The Sonnet
The sonnet is a fixed
lyrical form of poetry
composed of
(14)fourteen lines that
follow a certain set
pattern or rhyme scheme.
The number of metrical feet in a
line also varies from poem to
poem. The following are the
seven standard meters of
poetry written in English: (1)
monometer, or one foot per
line; (2) dimeter, or two feet per
line;
(3) trimeter, or three feet per line,
(4) tetrameter, or four feet per
line; (5) pentameter, or five feet
per line; (6) hexameter, or six feet
per line also known as the
Alexandrine; and (7) heptameter,
or seven feet per line, also known
as the “fourteener” when the feet
are iambic.
(3) trimeter, or three feet per line,
(4) tetrameter, or four feet per
line; (5) pentameter, or five feet
per line; (6) hexameter, or six feet
per line also known as the
Alexandrine; and (7) heptameter,
or seven feet per line, also known
as the “fourteener” when the feet
are iambic.
ACTIVITY
Activity

Make your own


TANAGA and DIONA
about your life.
Assignment:
Make your own HAIKU
about your parents.

Format: Time New Roman


Short bond paper
Size 12
Scan the following common English
words below and determine their
respective metrical feet. On the
space provided, write “iamb” if the
word is iambic, “trochee” if the
word is trochaic, “anapest” if the
word is anapestic, “dactyl” if the
word is dactylic or “spondee” if the
word is spondaic.
Scan the following common English
words below and determine their
respective metrical feet. On the
space provided, write “iamb” if the
word is iambic, “trochee” if the
word is trochaic, “anapest” if the
word is anapestic, “dactyl” if the
word is dactylic or “spondee” if the
word is spondaic.
1. understand
2. heartbreak ____________________________
3. roses _____________________________
4. inspire _____________________________
5. mannequin _____________________________
6. childhood _____________________________
7. planet _____________________________
8. contradict _____________________________
9. buffalo _____________________________
10. behold _____________________________
Write 1 Tanaga, Diona and Haiku
about you about the person you
love.