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Clean

air act
Presented By: Angel Jake Lobaton
Sanne Marie Mahilum
REPUBLIC ACT NO.
8749
•Known as the “Philippine Clean Air Act of

1999”

•An act providing for a comprehensive air pollution

control policy and for other purposes.

•Approved on June 23, 1999


STATE
• PRINCIPLES:
The State shall protect and advance the right of the people to a
balanced and healthful ecology in accord with the rhythm and
harmony of nature.

• The State shall promote and protect the global environment to


attain sustainable development while recognizing the primary
responsibility of local government units to deal with
environmental problems.
STATE PRINCIPLES:
• The State recognizes that the responsibility of cleaning
the habitat and environment is primarily area-based.
• The State also recognizes the principle that “polluters
must pay”.
• The State recognizes that a clean and healthy
environment is for the good of all and should,
therefore, be the concern of all.
RECOGNITION OF
RIGHTS OF CITIZEN
Right to enjoy natural
Right to breath clean resources
air
Right to participate in the Right to participate in the
decision-making process decision-making process
of environmental policies of developmental policies
Right to be informed of Right to access to
the nature and extent public records
of potential hazard
Right to bring action in Right to bring action in
court to enjoin all
court for compensation
activities in violation of
environmental laws
of personal damages
DEFINITION OF
TERMS
"Certificate of Conformity"
means a certificate issued by the Department of
Environment and Natural Resources to a vehicle
manufacturer/assembler or importer certifying that a
particular new vehicle or vehicle type meets the
requirements provided under this Act and its rules and
regulations;
"Eco-profile"
means the geographical-based instrument for planners and
decision-makers which present an evaluation of the
environmental quality and carrying capacity of an area. It is the
result of the integration of primary and secondary data and
information on natural resources and anthropogenic activities
on the land which are evaluated by various environmental risk
assessment and forecasting methodologies that enable the
Department to anticipate the type of development control
necessary in the planning area;
"Standard of performance"
means a standard for emissions of air pollutant which reflects
the degree of emission limitation achievable through the
application of the best system of emission reduction, taking
into account the cost of achieving such reduction and any non-
air quality health and environmental impact and energy
requirement which the Department determines, and
adequately demonstrates;
COVERAGE OF
CLEAN AIR ACT
All potential sources of air pollution (mobile, point, and area
01 sources) must comply with the provision of the law. All
emissions must be within air quality standard.

Mobile sources refer to vehicle like cars, trucks, buses,


02 jeepneys, tricycles, motorcycles and vans

Point sources refer to stationary sources such as industrial


03 firms and smokestacks of power plants, hotels and other
establishments

Area sources refer to sources of emission other than the


04 above. These include smoking, burning of garbage, and
dust from construction, unpaved grounds, etc.
SMOKE BELCHING
• Belching- a violent
emmitance of smoke,
flames or gas

• The forceful explosion of


smoke from the vehicle's
pipe

• Usually the bad smoke


coming from cars
SMOKE BELCHING
Smoke belching vehicles on the road shall be subjected
to emission testing by properly equipped enforcement
teams from the DOTC/LTO or its duty deputized agents.

Violators will be subjected to the following


fines/penalties:
• 1st offense - ONE THOUSAND PESOS
• 2nd offense - THREE THOUSAND PESOS
• 3rd offense - FIVE THOUSAND PESOS plus seminar on
pollution management
FUEL
Clean fuels are needed to achieve
clean air.

"Clean fuels" are fuels that have a


lower carbon intensity than the
standard for the fuel it replaces.

Ex: most types of ethanol,


biodiesel, natural gas, biogas,
electricity, propane and hydrogen.
CLEAN AIR ACT IN FUEL
The CAA thus provides for:

• 1. The complete phase out of leaded gasoline before the end of the
year 2000

• 2. The lowering of the sulfur content of industrial and automotive


diesel,respectively, from 0.5% to 0.3% and from 0.2% to 0.05%

• 3. The lowering of aromatics in unleaded gasoline from 45% maximum


to 35% maximum; the lowering of benzene in unleaded gasoline from
4% maximum to 2% maximum

• 4. Further improvements on the fuel quality, excluding cleaner


alternative fuels, will be spearheaded by Department of Energy.
INDUSTRIES
• All potential sources of air pollution (mobile, point and
area sources) must comply with the provisions of the
law. All emissions must be within the air quality
standards.
• Point sources refer to stationary sources such as
industrial firms and the smokestacks of power plants,
hotels, and other establishments.
THANK YOU!