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Production

Enhancement
Groups
Schlumberger Oilfield Services

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Production Enhancement Concepts

Engineered Pro Active Solutions with non-traditional work.

Joint Expertise Dowell/Wireline/Anadrill/Geoquest

Creative Economics - Pay related to Production.

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Int.
Mission Statement

IMPROVING OUR CLIENTS PRODUCTION IN EXISTING


WELLS THROUGH THE SYNERGISTIC TECHNOLOGIES
OF THE SCHLUMBERGER COMPANIES.

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Synergy

Client

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Wireline &
Dowell Testing

The Joint Actions of Companies Taken


Together Increase the Effectiveness of Each.

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Objectives of Production
Enhancement
• Identify Wells with a Production Gap.

• Apply services that economically enhance production.

• Establish Feedback Loop.

• Improve Communication.

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Production Enhancement

- Well Evaluation

-Data Acquisition
- Log Evaluation
- Well Tests & Surveys
- Production History - Payback
- Nodal Analysis - ROR, ROI, NPV
- Recommend Services to - Happy Client!
- Evaluate
enhance production
post-treatment
- Execute services
performance

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Production Gap
RESERVOIR COMPLETION FLOW CONDUIT ARTIFICIAL LIFT
PERFORMANCE PERFORMANCE PERFORMANCE PERFORMANCE

OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE OBJECTIVE


- Single well IPR = f (t, Np) - P = f (q) - Plumbing - Pwf Caused By Pumps
Bottom Hole Flowing Pressure

Bottom Hole Flowing Pressure

Bottom Hole Flowing Pressure


Potential 2spf
Actual
Actual
P Actual

12 spf
Actual
Potential
Potential Potential

Flowrate Flowrate Flowrate Flowrate

Parameters Affecting Parameters Affecting Parameters Affecting Parameters Affecting


Performance Performance Performance Performance
- Darcy's Law - Perfs - Tubing & Flow Lines - Lift System Problems
- Pvt - Sand Control - Traps
- Physical Description - Acid - Restrictions
+ Impact - Classical Skin - Erosional Velocity
- Zone Isolation

Services Services Services Services


Need Definition Need Definition Need Definition Need Definition
Transient Test / Data Pump SPAN Calipers - TGS/MFCT Production Logging
RST Production Logging UltraSonic Imager Data Pump
Production Logging RST Production Logging
Dipole Shear Sonic Imager UltraSonic Imager Collar Locator

Remedial Action / Solution Remedial Action / Solution Remedial Action / Solution


Stimulation - Frac / Acid Re-Perforate Acidizing
Perforate Gravel Pack Scale Removal with Coil
Laterals Squeeze Cementing Tubing
Squeeze Cementing Acidizing Coil Tubing completion
Early Production Facility

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The Production Gap

8% 2%
25%

Classification:
Res ervoir
65% Completion
Flow Conduit
Artificial Lift

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Project Loop
Presentation / Meeting

Team established (contact point)

Data Collected

Data Analyzed ( Houston)

Specific Proposal Made to client

Financial Objective/Terms set

Project Execution

Post Job Evaluation

Total Performance evaluation

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Analysis Process
Catalog Multiwell Info

Identify Production Anomalies

Choose first well

Analyze Existing Completion • Log Analysis

• Transient Analysis
Move to next zone
• Nodal Analysis
Aquire needed data (TDT,BU) • Perforation Analysis

Submit Recommendation • Frac design & Analysis

• Decline Curve analysis


Post Job Evaluation
• Production History Match.

• NPV Economics

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Data Requirements
• Open hole logs
• Existing completions / workover history
• Transient analysis data, pressure surveys
• Production history / Decline curves
• PVT analysis, core test data
• Field maps, structure maps, sand plays etc.
• Stratigraphic correlations

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Reservoir Monitoring & PEG
• Single well simulation
• History matching / Decline curve analysis
• Reserves estimates / Remaining reserves
• Production Gap - Candidate Recognition
• Well Production & Intervention Services
• Economic analysis
• Full Field Simulation (with other Schlumberger
companies

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Hydrocarbon Index
HYDROCARBON INDEX
Potential NOT PERFORATED N

60

50

40

30
Index
Cum Prod. MCF
20 40+
35 to 40
31 to 35
10 26 to 31
22 to 26
17 to 22
10 20 30 40 50 60 13 to 17
0
8 to 13
4 to 8
0 to 4

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Acid Job Case history
WELL:
DOWELL SCHLUMBERGER Location:
System Analysis Model Sate: TX

3000

2250

IPR Before Acid Job


Pwf (psig)

IPR after Acid job South Texas Edwards Lime

1500

a
750 Pr 2200 psi
H 40 ft.
K 1 md.
1 2 3
0 Skin 3
0 1500 2000
500 1000
1 skin = 3.0
a=base
Initial Production 750 mscf/day
2 skin = 1.0
Production (Mscfd)
3 Pws Curve Potential Production From Sam Analysis 1270 mscf/day
Actual Production after FoamMat Treatment 1400 mscf/day

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Reperforation Cased History

WELL:
DOWELL SCHLUMBERGER Lcoation:
System Analysis Model Sate: TX

10000

7500

IPR Before Reperforating


DOLOMITE RESERVOIR
Pwf (psig)

5000
IPR After Reperforating

Pr 8500 psi
a
H 20 ft.
2500 K 1.6 md.
Damaged Zone Radius 6 in.
Damaged Zone K .85 md.
3
Production after Perforating with XXX Casing Gun 55 BOPD
1 2
0
Production after Perforating with 1 11/16 EEJ 148 BOPD
0 1000
250 500 Predicted Potential Production 270 BOPD
1 Lperf= 8 in a=base
2 Lperf= 22in Production (Bbls/d) Actual Production after Reperforating with Pivot Gun 277 BOPD
3 Pws Curve

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Frac Job Cased History
WELL:
DOWELL SCHLUMBERGER Lcoation:
System Analysis Model Sate: TX

3000

3750 WHP 2600 psi


Pwf (psig)

IPR after FRAC

SOUTH TEXAS WILCOX


2500

IPR Before FRAC

WHP = 1000 psi

1250 a Pressure 4500 psi


Unloading rate for Condensate Height 45 ft.
Unloading rate (water)
Perm .09 md.
1 2
Initial Production 0 mcf
0
0
500 1000 1500 2000 Predicted Potential from Nodal Analysis 1500 mcf @ 1000 psi
1 Base Production (Mscfd) a Pwh = 1000 psi or 550 mcf @ 2600 psi
3 Pws Curve b Pwh = 2600 psi

Actual Production after Frac Treatment 600 mcf @ 2600 psi

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BHP\Z
Depletion?

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Exponential Decline

Will stimulation pay out ?

Economic Limit

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Return On Investment

Added Value

0
Payout 2
Reduced Cost

Payout 1

0 365
Time (days)
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