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tract infection
christel ann k. dillera, cfp
what about respiratory system?
a system of organs functioning in respiration and in
humans consisting especially of the nose, nasal
passages, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi, and lungs
upper respiratory tact

Nasal cavity: Inside the nose, the

sticky mucous membrane lining the nasal
cavity traps dust particles, and tiny hairs
called cilia help move them to the nose to
be sneezed or blown out.
Sinuses: These air-filled spaces along
side the nose help make the skull lighter.
Pharynx: Both food and air pass
through the pharynx before reaching their
appropriate destinations. The pharynx
also plays a role in speech.
Larynx: The larynx is essential to
human speech.
lower respiratory tract

Trachea: Located just below the larynx, the

trachea is the main airway to the lungs.
Lungs: Together the lungs form one of the
body’s largest organs. They’re responsible for
providing oxygen to capillaries and exhaling
carbon dioxide.
Bronchi: The bronchi branch from the
trachea into each lung and create the network
of intricate passages that supply the lungs
with air.
Diaphragm: The diaphragm is the main
respiratory muscle that contracts and relaxes
to allow air into the lungs.
diseases of the upper respiratory tract
• common colds
-cause by a virus
-rhinitis, headache, conjunctival suffusion
-no antibiotic needed unless it persist to 10-
14 days
viral rhinosinusits
- nasal congestion,mucous dischargem, facial pain, post nasal
• rhinosinusitis
- resolve by 7- 10 days, peak at 2 -3 days
- decongestants/ steroids/ nasal irrigation
-broad term for an
infection in the nasal
bacterial rhinosinusitis
-cause by PICS
-less& sinuses
frequent than viral rhinosinusitis
-antibiotics, hydration, analgesics, antipyretic
-allergy, infection
-intransal steroid if with concurrent allergic rhinitis
(bact/virus), polyps
• pharyngitis
- can be cause by a virus or bacteria
- fever, odynophagia, inflammed pharynx
- antibotic and symptomatic treatment
• otitis media
- disruption with the
eustachian drainage
leading to
accumulation fluid
and bacterial
- follows respiratory
- symptomatic,
diseases of lower respiratory tract infection

-acute/ chronic
-self limiting; 2weeks
-infection of the airway with no
recurremt disease; -maybe viral or
bacterial, exposure to allergen
-if chronic - antibiotic if + increase
dyspnea, sputum volume and
• pneumonia
- community acquired/
hospital acquired
- inflammation or
airsac, may fill pus or
fluid hence the
-dyspnea, cough,
fever, back pain
complications prevention

1. bacteremia 1.stay healthy

2. lung abcess
3.proper hygine
3. pleural effusion 4.avoid smoking
4. death 5. seek consult
thank you