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USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY


1 VERNIER CALIPERS

Faces for inside measurements

Sliding jaw Depth bar


Scale
Lockscrew
Caliper jaw

Finger rest
Depth reference plane
Vernier scale
Caliper scale

Sliding jaw

Faces for outside measurements

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
1) Checking the instrument

(1) Confirm that the lockscrew is loose.


(2) Wipe the measuring faces and sliding faces.
(3) There is not a gap between the measuring faces.
(4) The zero points on the scales line up.

Gap

Zero points

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
2) Measuring an object

Big object
Small object

Inside measurement Measuring Depth

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
3) Reading the scale

Main scale

3 4 5 6

1
mm
0 2 4 6 8 10 20

Secondary scale
36mm
The 8 graduation
1
x 8 = 0.4mm
20

36mm + 0.40mm = 36.40mm

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
2 MICROMETER

Anvil Spindle Sleeve

Ratchet stop
Clamp Thimble

Frame

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
1) Checking the instrument

(1) Confirm that the clamp is loose.


(2) Wipe the entire instrument.
(3) Turn the ratchet stop and check the spindle rotation.
(4) Check the zero point.
(5) Adjust the zero point.

Zero point

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
2) Measuring an object

Ratchet stop

Use a micrometer stand to avoid


the effects of heat transferred from your hand.
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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
3) Reading the scale

Main scale Secondary scale (Thimble)

75 80 0
45
40

81.0mm + 0.45mm =8.45mm

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
3 DIAL GAUGE

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
1) Check/Measurement

1mm

0.01mm

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
Measuring deflection

3
6 Bending mm
Deflection mm 100
100
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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
4 CYLINDER GAUGE

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
1) Measurement
Wear Amount

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2. USING MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PROPERLY
Clearance

Difference = Clearance

Piston diameter

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