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Solubility Behavior

Group 5 Javison - Khan - Lazaga - Leh


Objectives

1. To investigate the solubility characteristics of


simple organic molecules
2. To discover relationships between the solubility
and organic structure and vice versa
This experiment aims to identify the solubility of
organic molecules and to also relate the solubility with
the functional groups and organic structure.
Materials
Benzoic Acid
Test Tubes
Corks
5% NaOH
5%NaHCO3
H2SO4
H20
Procedure
Four test tubes were labeled with different solvents: H2O, 5%
NaOH, 5% NaHCO3, and H2SO4. 20 drops or 1.0 mL of each of the
solvents was added to the corresponding test tubes. 20 drops or 1.0 mL
of the assigned sample which is Benzoic acid was added to each of the
four test tubes containing the different solvents. The solubility of each
solvents and sample was then observed.
Data and Results
Discussion
- Benzoic Acid was insoluble with water (H2O), 5% NaHCO3, and H2SO4. The reason
for the insolubility of this carboxylic acid is because of the presence of certain
functional groups.
- Benzoic acid was soluble in NaOH. It is because the basic NaOH reacts with the acid
and forms the benzoate ion which is a polar sodium salt.
- The results on solubility of Acetic anhydride were opposite of the Benzoic acid. Acetic
anhydride dissolves into acetic acid with polar water and it is also soluble in 5%NaOH,
5%NaHCO3, and H2SO4.
Discussion
- Hexane is insoluble in H2O, 5%NaOH, 5%NaHCO3 and H2SO4 because of its non-
polar characteristic.
- Acetophenone is a simple aromatic ketone that is only slightly soluble in water. The
result of the solubility test showed that it is insoluble in H2O, 5%NaOH, 5%NaHCO3
and H2SO4.
- Isopropanol is polar thus, it was soluble in H2O, 5% NaOH, 5% NaHCO3, and
H2SO4.
- Aldehyde, Ketone, Alkene, and Alcohol are all soluble in H2SO4 and since
Isopropanol is an alcohol, it dissolves in H2SO4.
- Ethylacetate was insoluble in H2O, 5% NaOH, 5% NaHCO3 except in H2SO4.
Infrared
Spectroscopy
Group 5 Javison - Khan - Lazaga - Leh
Objectives

This experiment aims to gain knowledge on the usage and


importance of infrared spectroscopy and to differentiate the functional
groups through the Ir spectra
Materials

IR Spectra
Benzoic Acid
Test tube
Medicine dropper
Procedure
Using a mortar and pestle, the Benzoic acid was turned into powder
in order to examine it using the Infrared Spectrophotometer. The
platform of the Infrared Spectrophotometer was then wiped with a tissue
to remove any moisture before using the instrument. The powdered
Benzoic Acid was placed onto the sample platform and then allowed the
compression tip to touch the sample. The Infrared spectrophotometer
was able to examine the sample and the Infrared Spectra appeared on
the monitor.
Data and Results
Discussion

The Benzoic Acid is a Carboxylic acid which contains an aryl and


carboxyl. In the Infrared Spectra, a peak is evident around 1600 cm-1
which corresponds to the aryl group present in the sample. Another
peak at around 3000 cm -1 is present that could possibly be the hydroxy
(-OH).