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Group 3:

Using examples, discuss the challenges of time management on construction projects in Zimbabwe.

NYIKA WALTER N01910602B

MUNDIDA EDMORE N01910616W

MPANDE VONE N0194467A

MUTARISI SAMSON N01910598X

KARICHI CHARLES N. R. N01910612C

ZHOU GARAIMUNASHE N01910641C


Time Management Defined
 These are the processes required to manage the timely
completion of the project.

 It’s a function of time planning, time estimating, time

scheduling, and schedule control.”


 Project time management needs the use of tools and
policies in order to create a standard for monitoring and
measuring project work.
Challenges of time management

Scope creep
 These are changes that are continuous or uncontrolled at any point
after the project begins.
 This is the uncontrolled expansion to project scope without
adjustments to time, cost and resources (PMBOK 6th Edition)

Accidents – injuries and fatalities


 Investigations & suspension of works.
 PM has no control over such hence a significant amount of time is lost.
 Productivity temporarily affected hence time.
 Tokwe- Mukosi dam.
Poor quality

• Reworks as result of defective works.

• May result from acceleration of the works.

Late deliveries

• Slow production of materials, slow prefabrication and assembly of


offsite components. (Cement in Zimbabwe 2019)

• Expediting- difficulties in obtaining information about supplier


progress.

• Can result from differences in perceptions towards deadlines.


Environmental Factors
 Government regulations and Financial market instability

 Lost time in negotiating waivers or exemptions.

 Foreign currency allocation approvals for imported materials- RBZ.

 Currency and inflation rate significantly impact to a project’s cash


flow, and hence affects the time management
 Availability of materials locally.
Co-ordination Problems
 In a construction project, there are many parties involved such as contractor,
consultant, subcontractor and client. Often, it may be difficult for these
various separate parties to coordinate well in order to complete the project.
 Improper role clarification within contractor & subcontractor firms leading
to differences in perceptions with regards to deadlines.
 Poor understanding of processes within these firms.

 Lack of top management support and slow response rate to requests.


Delays
 Statutory Approvals & permits- planning, engineering
 Delays from consultants – approvals. (circular 9)

Late payments/ Employer insolvency


 Late payments stall progress of the works and in some cases, may
result in the temporary suspension of the works.
 Employer insolvency has same impact.- Matebeleland water project
( Gwayi Shangani dam), Mutare Plumtree roads
Force majeure
 Natural disasters, covid - 19
General labor strikes

 Strikes and labor unrest are frequent causes of construction delays on


most construction projects (Dinakar 2014).

 Strikes are unforeseeable at the time of signing the contract are not
considered at the planning stage
Corruption

 Awarding of tenders- Gwanda solar project.

 Approvals- Councils, MoT, Counsultancy


THANK YOU