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Part II

THE ACT (12


HOURS)
Main point/ Questions
What is the role of feelings in moral decisions? What are the
disadvantages of over-resiliance on feelings?
How can we make reasoned and impartial decisions?
Why is reason not enough in carrying out moral decisions?
What is the role of feelings in moral decisions? What
are the disadvantages of over-resiliance on feelings?

Emotions- a natural instinctive state of mind deriving from one’s


circumstances, mood, or relationship with others
Moral Decisions- making is an essential asset for human’s
integration in social contexts.
How can we make reasoned and impartial
decisions?

Decision is about a right or wrong action.


Reasoned decisions- people often refer to a written
authority for reason
Impartial decisions- is the idea that the same ethical
standards are applied to everyone
Why is reason not enough in carrying out
moral decisions?

Reason- a form of personal justification which changes


from person to person based on their own ethical and
moral code, as well as prior experience.
A. Feelings and moral decision making
1. Feelings as instinctive and trained response to moral dilemmas
Why they can be obstacles to making the right decisions
How they can help in making a right decisions
Feelings- which can be considerably swayed by external
circumstances
Instinct- have absolutely everything to do wit serious choices
that need to be made in your life
Instinctive Feeling- idea or action is one that you have or do
without thinking or reasoning
WHY THEY CAN BE OBSTACLES TO MAKING THE RIGHT
DECISIONS?
Biases
Time pressure
Group conflict
B. Reason and Impartiality as
minimum requirements for Morality
Reason and Impartiality defined
Reason- a form of personal justification which changes from
person to person based on their own ethical and moral code, as
well as prior experience.
Impartiality- is a principle of justice holding that decisions
should be based on objective criteria, rather than on the basis of
bias, prejudice or preferring the benefit to one person over another
for improper reasons.
The 7-step moral reasoning model
1.Gather the facts
2.Determine the ethical issues
3.Determine what virtues/ principles have a bearing on the case
4.List the alternatives
5.Compare the alternatives with the virtues/ principles
6.Consider the consequences
7.Make a decision
C. Moral Courage
Why the will is as important as reason?
Will is important as reason because just like reason, will is
important in terms of decision making. Will is also important just
like reason in terms of thinking what we should act and what
attitude we should possess as a human being. Aside from that,
will is also important as one of the parts of our mind, together
with the reason and understanding. It is considered central to the
field of ethics because of its role in enabling deliberate action.
Developing the will
•Setting a goal
•Working toward that goal
•Monitoring our progress