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ARTS

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PHOTOGRAPHY
PHOTOGRAPHY
Comes from two Greek
words: photo and graph.
*Photo light and graph
means drawing. An image or
picture is created by means
of light, that’s why this is
also referred to as ‘drawing
with light’.
Photography has been
known today as a fine art.
With the help of a camera,
anyone may capture a nice
work of art.
Since photography is
considered a fine art, the
different elements and
principles of art are also
applied.
WHAT ARE THE PRINCIPLES APPLIED IN PHOTOGRAPHY?

1.Contrast as a principle of art may be


shown using complementary colors
emphasizing differences using light
and dark colors.
*There are two types: 
Tonal Contrast (TC)and Color
Contrast (CC). TC refers to the
difference in tones from the lightest
tone to the darkest tone, in other
words, the difference in tones from
white to gray to black. CC refers to the
way colors interact with each other.
EXAMPLE:

 Color contrast – because the color of the street is


contrasting the color of the shoes and the dress
COLOR CONTRAST ALSO
COLOR CONTRAST ALSO
 Tonal Contrast – because of the color of the sky; the
upper part is dark, going down it’s becoming lighter
tone
TONAL CONTRAST ALSO
Tonal TONAL CONTRAST
Contrast
2. Emphasis is a principle of
art in which part of the work
stand out, in order to draw
the viewer’s eye there first.
Emphasis shows the center of
interest in an image. Color,
space, texture, and line
work together to determine
the focus of an image.
SAMPLES:
3. Harmony is a consistent,
orderly, or pleasing
arrangement of parts.
This happens in art by using
similar elements through
out a piece that bring it
together in a “pleasing”
way. Harmony can be
considered simplicity.
SAMPLES:
 Thisphoto also shows harmony:
harmony in colors. Blue and orange
are colors that complement each
other (they do not contrast)
4. Unity is taking the parts of a piece of art
and unifying them into something better
as a whole.
Using similar colors or tones, concepts or
elements cultivates a sense of unity.
The idea behind the principle of unity is to
create an image where all elements
support each other and all work together
toward a common goal – to express your
intended message. Through unity, the
elements of your image are not
competing with each other for attention.
They are working together to reinforce
your message.
SAMPLES:
5. Balance is arranging the elements in a
piece so that there is an equality from
one side to the other.
A symmetrical image has perfect
balance. Balance can also be
achieved by asymmetry or radial
arrangement. Below are an example
of both poor and good balance.

Poor balance Good


balance
 Symmetry – both sides of an image
reflect the same subject matter, like a
mirror image.
 Asymmetry – contrasting elements
balance the image. For example, a
highly textured surface on one side of
an image, counterbalanced by a
smooth, matte surface on the other.
 Radial balance symmetry –
elements spaced equally around a
central point, like spokes on a wheel.
Symmetry balance
Asymmetric balance
Radial balance
6. Pattern or rhythm is
simply repeating an
element that will cause
the viewer’s eye to
move around to each
element.
 Remember, photography is not just
about taking pictures, it is also
about applying or using the
elements and principles of art.
 In photography, camera is an
important tool. Camera choice
depends on what the camera can do
and the abilities and interests of the
photographer. Each type of camera
is different from another. The
advantages of one camera can be a
disadvantage of another.
ASSIGNMENT:
 Take one photo for each principle:
contrast, balance, unity,
harmony, pattern and emphasis.
 Print out your photos then label
them. (long bond papers)
 Remember that you will be the
one to take the photos, not
anybody else.
 Don’t grab photos from any
networking site like Google or
Facebook.
Importance of
Photography
Many people are
fascinated with
photography. They may
not be professional
photographers, but
they take delight in
taking pictures of their
Importance of
Photography
You learn about people
from different parts of
the world. Pictures
show us scene of
important and historic
events. You learn
events from the past
What is a photo essay?
Photo essay is a
collection of pictures
or images that are
arranged in specific
order to tell the
progression of
events, emotions and
concepts.
Steps in making a photo
essay:
1. Think about a
topic or theme, which
you would like to do
your essay about. Make
sure your theme has a
point or tells a story.
Steps in making a
photo essay:
2. Write down
your ideas for
photo composition
and then choose
the best ones.
Steps in making a photo
essay:
3. Take photograph
based on the topic or
theme you planned.
Make sure you have a
large variety of
photos to choose
from.
Steps in making a photo
essay:
4. Make sure
that your photo
flow together and
are easily
connected visually.
Steps in making a photo
essay:
5. Finally, add
captions explaining
your photos and
the story they are
portraying.
Activity:
Photograph a Local Event
No matter where you live,
there will be countless local
events throughout the year.
They might be fundraisers,
farmers’ markets, dances and
festivals or food and music.
capture candid images of

people going about their way


A Day in the Life of…
There are going to be many
jobs and careers that people
do that you have no idea
about. A great way to
understand what people get
up to in their day-to-day is to
follow them and photograph
as you go.
A Day in the Life of…
For example, a photo essay
entitled ‘A day in the life of a
fireman’ will get you access
to inside the station,
documenting what they get
up to on their downtime. You
may not be able to go put
out a fire with them, but you
never know.
A Day in the Life of…
This is great practice
for documentary images,
capturing portraits and
still life of all the
equipment they use.
VOLCANIC LIGHTNING. Streaks of lightning blazed
through columns of ashes amid Taal Volcano’s
eruption as seen from Nasugbu, Batangas, Philippines
on Sunday evening, January 12. DOMCAR C. LAGTO 
 SALT FARMERS. A farmer carries harvested salt at salt
farm in Barangay Wawa, Nasugbu, Batangas on Thursday
morning, February 6. Huge clouds produced by Taal
Volcano as it continues to spew plumes of ash in the
backround. DOMCAR C. LAGTO
 FEELS LIKE HOME. A private company setups
kitchen in seven classrooms used as
evecuation site at Natipuan Elementray
School in Nasugbu Batangas on Saturday
morning, January 25. DOMCAR C. LAGTO
 WAY OF LIFE. Fisherfolks pull trawl nets at
shoreline of Barangay Bucana in Nasugbu
Batangas on Monday morning, January 20.
DOMCAR C. LAGTO
 A man clears ash-coated replica of "Belen"
outside their house at Barangay Dayapan in
Lemery Batangas on Saturday morning,
January 18. DOMCAR C. LAGTO
ASSIGNMENT:
 Printout the photos that you
took.(at least 6)
 Bring the following next
meeting:
1/4 illustration board
Glue
Light Colored papers
Scissors
Permanent marker/color pen
Whether you are using the
latest DSLR (Digital Single-
Lens Reflex camera), a
simple point-and-shoot, or
the built-in camera in your
cellular phone, they all
have common parts that
you should know about.
DSLR CAMERA
POINT-AND-SHOOT CAMERA
COMMON PARTS OF A CAMERA
1. Lens
1. LENS
The part that focuses and
directs incoming light
Can be built in permanently
or interchangeable
*Most point-and-shoot and
phone cameras are fixed
and can not be adjusted
2. VIEWFINDER
VIEWFINDER
Small window in traditional
cameras through which
you look with one eye to
focus on a picture
*Most point-and-shoot and
phone camera just make
use of the LCD screen for
the purpose
3. SHUTTER RELEASE
3. SHUTTER RELEASE
Thebutton or
mechanism that is
pressed, clicked, or
tapped to
4. IMAGE SENSOR
IMAGE SENSOR
Converts the optical
image to an electronic
signal, larger sensors
generally are able to
reproduce colors more
accurately
5. MEMORY CARD
5. MEMORY CARD
Where the images are
stored; comes in
different size and
speed capacity
6. FLASH
6. FLASH
Used to augment
(increase)lighting
when natural light is
low or insufficient