Sie sind auf Seite 1von 20

Lesson 1: Personal Health:

Issues and Concerns

HEIGHT AND
WEIGHT
PUBERTY FACTS

BOYS GIRLS
1. Broadening of the 1. Development of
Appearance
chest and shoulders Breast
of pubic hair

2. Onset of
2. Deeping of voice menstruation
Increase
height and
3. Increase in size of weight 3. Widening of the
genitals hips
As you grow , your physical
appearance changes, it’s
natural. As you age, you
increase in height and weight.
Many changes occur during the
growth years, often cause
temporary problems like too
much perspiration, body odor,
acne and many more.
Answer the following
questions:
Are your old clothes still fitted to you?
Are you having difficulty in doing chores?
Do your classmates tease you and call
you chubby?
Are you still in front of the line when your
teacher said find your height?
Are you tall enough to reach or get the
object, placed on a high area without
using a ladder or a chair?
Let’s Do This
GROUP ACTIVITY 1
1. Divide the class into four or five
depending upon the class size.
 2. Show a growth chart and use the
weighing scale and meter stick to measure
your own height and weight.
3. Record the data in the chart.
4. Use the BMI formula or chart to assess
your nutritional status.
FORMULA: Body Mass Index = Weight (kg)
Height
(m)²
BODY MASS
YEAR NAME HEIGHT WEIGHT INDEX
(BMI)

2017-2018 Alejandro C. Acosta

Jhustine Brix A. Baluyot

Erwin E. Cruz

Manuel A. Dela Cruz


School children have slimmer
appearance than their preschool
years. This is due to the
accumulation and location of the
body or baby fats. Your height
increases at an average of 2
inches and weight gains about
6.5 pounds or more a year.
Children who have a growth hormone
deficiency may be smaller than their
classmates. They may be smaller than
normal at birth, or may start growing at a
normal rate, but slow down after they reach
2 to 3 years. If not treated before puberty
may never reach a normal adult height.
They may be as short as 3- 4 feet tall, but
they are generally proportioned normally
with arms and legs that look the right
length for their bodies. The normal growth
rate has been reduced or what we called
stunted growth, due to malnutrition in early
childhood.
The growth hormones
are responsible to your
height and weight. It
control various growth,
energy, reproduction, and
mood. Produced by special
glands based on chemical
instructions sent out by
the master gland which is
called the pituitary gland.
The pituitary gland, which
is located at the base of
the brain, produces growth
hormone.
Thyroid hormone is
responsible for our
metabolism rate with which
our body runs. Our
metabolism rate plays a
great role in our body. The
thyroid gland that is present
back to the neck is
responsible for the
metabolism rate in our body.
It produces thyroid
hormones that play a key
role in performing many
body functions.
The dysfunction of
thyroid gland affects the
metabolism rate of our
body. The thyroid gland is
responsible for performing
many important activities
in our body. When the
thyroid gland is damaged,
the levels of metabolism
comes down. Dysfunction
of thyroid gland leads to
many health issues like
overweight and obesity.
Overweight and
obesity are increasingly
common conditions in
the Philippines. They
are caused by the
increase in the size and
the amount of fat cells
in the body. Doctors
measure body mass
index (BMI) and waist
circumference to screen
and diagnose
overweight and obesity.
Obesity is a serious medical
condition that can cause
complications such as metabolic
syndrome, high blood pressure,
atherosclerosis, heart disease,
diabetes, high blood cholesterol,
cancers and sleep disorders.
Treatment depends on the cause
and severity of your condition and
whether you have complications.
Treatments include lifestyle
changes, such as heart-healthy
eating and increased physical
activity, and Food and Drug
Administration (FDA)-approved
weight-loss medicines. For some
people, surgery may be a
treatment option.
GROUP ACTIVITY 2
 Use the KWL chart in giving the data. Have the
group a representative to present the table and
answer the questions.
a. How high does a boy or a girl increase in height
per year?
b. How many pounds does a boy and a girl gain in
weight every year?
c. What gland is responsible for the growth
hormones?
d. What will happen if there is a low growth rate?
e. How can we avoid overweight or obesity?
KWL Chart
WHAT I WANT TO
WHAT I KNOW? WHAT DID I LEARN?
KNOW?
KWL Chart
WHAT I WANT TO
WHAT I KNOW? WHAT DID I LEARN?
KNOW?
UNDERWEIGHT – the
pupil has a low How can I know my UNDERWEIGHT – the
measurement in nutritional status? BMI is 18.5 or less
kilograms?
OVERWEIGHT – the
pupil has high How to compute for the OVERWEIGHT – 25.0 to
measurement in BMI? 29.9
kilograms
OBESE – the pupil has
How can I prevent these
extreme measurement in OBESE – 30.0 or higher
health issues?
kilos or pounds
Let’s Answer!
 List 5 preventive measures on how to avoid stunted
growth, underweight, obesity and overweight.

STUNTED
UNDERWEIGHT OVERWEIGHT OBESE
GROWTH
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Let’s Go Further
 Put a check in the box if the sentence or
phrase shows prevention on health issues and
if not.
1. Eating a well-balanced diet
 2. Have a regular exercise
 3. Having enough rest and sleep
 4. Junk foods and soft drinks during snacks
 5. Drinking milk every day
 6. Eight glasses of water a day
 7. Jump several times to increase height at New
Year’s eve
 8. Take a slimming tablet
 9. Have a regular consultation to a doctor
 10. Take vitamins prescribed by a doctor
Key to
Correction
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.