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7

Principles
of HACCP
and how they
help your
business

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


Thinking about HACCP Certification?

Not sure what it would do for you?

Learn the 7 HACCP principles and how


they assist your
business.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 1: Hazard Analysis

Conduct a hazard analysis


 Used to identify potential
TYPES OF
hazards that may be reasonably
HAZARDS
expected to occur at each
microbiologic
process step. allergen
al

Also included:
 Allergen cross contamination

risk chemical physical


 Regulatory / legal and quality

hazards and issues

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 1: Hazard Analysis

The likely occurrence of hazards and


severity / consequence of their Qualitative and/or quantitative
adverse health effects or effect on evaluation of the presence of
product quality or regulatory hazards
compliance

The HA includes:

Production, persistence or cross


Survival or multiplication of micro- contamination of toxins, chemicals
organisms or physical agents

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 2: Determination of
CCPs

Hazards at each process step are given a Risk


Rating. It needs to be determined which
control point they occur at:
Critical Quality Regulatory
Control
Control Control Control
Point
Point Point Point
• CP
• CCP • QCP • RCP

Steps that are not a CCP / QCP or RCP but still need to be controlled are control points (CP) and are to
be controlled through the established Food Safety & Quality Program.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 3: CCP Critical Limits

Critical Limits separate


acceptability from
unacceptability.
CCPs are based on:
 Established food safety

principles or published
research
 Legislative

requirements

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 3: CCP Critical Limits
 CCPs shall be measurable/quantitative.
 Where possible, Action Limits shall be set
allowing sufficient time for corrective actions
before CCP critical limits are breached.
 The accuracy / precision / tolerance of monitoring
equipment shall be taken into account when
setting critical limits and action limits.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 4: CCP Monitoring

Establish a system to monitor control of the CCP.


 Monitoring procedures are the planned sequence

of observations or measurements of CCP control


measures.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 4: CCP Monitoring

Monitoring systems
detect loss of control at
the CCP, and provide
information in time for
corrective action to
regain control of the
process. This identifies, segregates and
rejects products before
they’re dispatched.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 4: CCP Monitoring

The documented monitoring system


for each CCP shall define:
 Responsibility: job title of who will do the monitoring
 Frequency: continuous or a frequency sufficient to ensure
that the CCP is under control
 Method: detailed specification or procedure
 Records to be kept: include action limits and critical limits,
result of monitoring activity, signature of responsible
person and verification countersignature.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 5: Corrective Actions

Establish the corrective action


to be taken when monitoring
indicates that a particular CCP
is not under control.
As with any control process,
corrective actions need to be
taken when monitoring
indicates a trend towards loss
of control (action limits
breached) or a breach of CCP
critical limits.

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 5: Corrective Actions
The corrective actions will differ slightly depending on which limit is breached.

Where Action limits are breached corrective actions should include:


 Immediate action to re-establish control before the deviation leads to a CCP

breach
 Responsibility for the corrective action

Where Critical limits are breached corrective actions should include:


 Immediate action to re-establish control

 Identification of all product produced since critical limit was breached (since last

in control monitoring result)


 Disposition of affected product

 Responsibility for the corrective action

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 6: HACCP Plan
Verification

As corrective actions are implemented it’s


important that they’re verified.  Verification
that the HACCP system is working includes:
Reviewing internal
incidents, non-
Microbiological and
Shelf-life validations conforming product
chemical testing Internal audits of
covering both Physical assessments records, customer
(where applicable) to CCP monitoring and
microbiological and of products against complaints,
confirm CCPs, corrective action
sensory testing specifications. withdrawals or
QCPs and RCPs are records
(where applicable) recalls relating to
in control
food safety, quality
or legality

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 7: Documentation and
Record Keeping
Establish documentation concerning all procedures and records appropriate to these
principles and their application.
It is important to be able to demonstrate that the principles of HACCP have
been correctly applied and this is done through documentation and record
keeping.  These records should include:

 The HACCP Plan, Objectives, Scope, Regulatory & Customer


Requirements
 HACCP Development Team Meeting Minutes
 Finished Product Descriptions
 Process Flow Diagrams
 Hazard Analysis
 CCP Determination and Validation
 Critical Limit / Action Limit Determination
 CCP Monitoring Procedures and Corrective Action Procedures

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


HACCP Principle 7: Documentation and
Record Keeping
Documentation should also exist to demonstrate that the HACCP Plan has been
effectively managed and implemented. This should include:

 CCP Monitoring Records


 Corrective Action Records
 HACCP Training records and competency
assessments for operators, supervisors and
managers
 Evidence of HACCP management including:
 Verification Schedule and Records
 Team Meeting Minutes
 Modification records

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


Where to from here?

If you would like more information on HACCP you can


download the free checklist here: 
http://compassassurance.com.au/haccp-self-assessment-checklist/

Visit www.compassassurance.com.au to:

 Contact us for more information 1300 495 855


 Download our free checklists from the website
 Request a Quick Quote

Compass Assurance Services Pty Ltd | 1300 495 855 | compassassurance.com.au


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