Sie sind auf Seite 1von 35

c c 




6 Plastics extrusion is a high volume

manufacturing process in which
raw plastic material is melted and formed into a
continuous profile. Extrusion produces items
such as pipe/tubing, weather stripping, fence,
deck railing, window frames, adhesive tape and
wire insulation.
6 Established in 1997 by Bill and Diane
Spencer, Plastic Extrusion Technologies, a
custom plastic extrusion manufacturer, has
seen extensive growth including three building
expansions as well as additional extrusion lines
to accommodate its growing customer base.
6 Raw plastic is fed into a heated extruder cavity or
cylinder. Typically, the raw plastic is in bead form
and may be mixed with colorants before the
extrusion process begins. In some plastic extrusion
processes, ultraviolet (UV) inhibitors may be added
to the raw plastic beads as well. Once inside the
plastic extrusion machine, the plastic beads, and
any accompanying material, move through an
opening in the extruder cavity towards a screw
mechanism. The screw rotates, forcing the plastic
material to advance through the extruder cavity.
6 (F  !"#$%

6 polyethylene, polypropylene, acetal, acrylic,
nylon(polyamides), polystyrene, acrylonitrile
butadiene styrene (ABS) and polycarbonate
Calendering is a process that usually uses
four heated rolls rotating at slightly different
speeds. Again the material is fed into the rolls,
heated and melted, and then shaped into sheet
or film. PVC is the most commonly calendered
Similar to extrusion but with much higher
Strengths- even used to make road bridges.
Glass or other fibres are incorporated into
the extrusion and so loadings of up to 60%
glass can be achieved with very good fibre
alignment. Materials are generally
thermosetting type materials such as epoxy.
6Foam Extrusion
6 During the chemical foam extrusion process
plastic resin and chemical foaming agents are
mixed and melted. The chemical foaming agent
decomposes liberating gas which is dispersed
in the polymer melt and expands upon exiting
the die. Typically foamed profile extrusions
require more intense cooling than solid profiles
due to the insulation properties of the foam
6Cast Film Extrusion
The cast film process differs from the blown film
process through the fast quench and virtual
unidirectional orientation capabilities. These
characteristics allow a cast film line to operate at
higher production rates while producing amazing
optics. Applications in food and retail packaging
take advantage of these strengths.
6Blown Film Extrusion
6 In film blowing a tubular cross-section is
extruded through an annular die (usually a
spiral die) and is drawn and inflated until the
frost line is reached. The extruded tubular
profile passes through one or two air rings to
cool the material.
6 The process of extruding two or more materials
through a single die with two or more orifices
arranged so that the extrudates merge and
weld together into a laminar structure before
6Pipe extrusion
6 Pipe extrusion is defined as a process of forcing
the polymer melt through a shaping die (in this
case: circular). The extrudate from the die is
sized, cooled and the formed pipe is pulled to
the winder or a cut off device with the aid of
haul off device.
6Profile Extrusion
6 Rubber Profile Extrusion is accomplished by
forcing uncured rubber through a die, under
heat and pressure, to form a part with a
uniform cross section. This uncured rubber is
then run through a heating unit to initiate the
chemical cross linking reaction that causes the
rubber to cure.
6Sheet extrusion
6 Sheet extrusion is a technique for making flat plastic
sheets from a variety of resins. The thinner gauges are
thermoformed into packaging applications such as drink
cups, deli containers, produce trays, baby wipe
containers and margarine tubs. Another market
segment uses thick sheet for industrial and recreational
applications like truck bed liners, pallets, automotive
dunnage, playground equipment and boats. The third
primary use for extruded sheet is in geomembranes,
where flat sheet is welded into large containment
systems for mining applications and municipal waste
6Extrusion coating
6 Extrusion coating is using a blown or cast film
process to coat an additional layer onto an existing
rollstock of paper, foil or film. For example, this
process can be used to improve the characteristics
of paper by coating it with polyethylene to make it
more resistant to water. The extruded layer can
also be used as an adhesive to bring two other
materials together. A famous product that uses
this technology is tetrapak.
6Tubing extrusion
6 Extruded tubing process, such as drinking
straws and medical tubing, is manufactured
the same as a regular extrusion process up
until thedie. Hollow sections are usually
extruded by placing a pin or mandrel inside of
the die, and in most cases positive pressure is
applied to the internal cavities through the pin.
6Overjacketing extrusion
6 In a wire coating process, bare wire (or bundles
of jacketed wires, filaments, etc.) is pulled
through the center of a die similar to a tubing
die. Many different materials are used for this
purpose depending on the application.
Essentially, an insulated wire is a thin walled
tube which has been formed around a bare
6 Plastics extrusion used to make pipes, hoses, drinking
straws, curtain tracks, rods, and fibres.
6 The machine used to extrude materials is very similar to an injection
moulding machine. A motor turns a screw which feeds granules of
plastic through a heater. The granules melt into a liquid which is
forced through a die, forming a long 'tube like' shape. The shape of
the die determines the shape of the tube. The extrusion is then
cooled and forms a solid shape. The tube may be printed upon, and
cut at equal intervals. The pieces may be rolled for storage or packed
6 Shapes that can result from extrusion include T-sections, U-sections,
square sections, I-sections, L-sections and circular sections.
6 One of most famous products of extrusion moulding is the fiber optic.
6 (