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NOUNS

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NOUNS

A noun is
a person,

a place,

a thing,

or an idea.
COUNT AND NONCOUNT NOUNS
There are two kinds of nouns in English.

Count Nouns are nouns that you can count.

one chair two chairs

Noncount Nouns are nouns that you cannot count.

water money
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one bee two bees


For most nouns that end with a vowel, add s.
(Nouns that end in o are exceptions. See the next two
slides.)
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one piano two pianos


For most nouns that end in o, add s.
(See the next slide for exceptions.)
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one potato a lot of potatoes


For some nouns that end in o, add es. If you are not sure,
check a dictionary.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one first lady five first ladies


For nouns that end in a consonant and y, the y becomes
ies.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one monkey two monkeys


For nouns that end with a vowel and y, add s.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one knife three knives


For nouns that end in fe, change the fe to v and add s.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one dress three dresses


For nouns that end in sh, ch, x, s, z, add es.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

one sheep two sheep


Some plural forms are the same as the singular form.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?

glasses
scissors
shorts
Some words have no singular form.
To count these nouns, you need to use a pair of, two pairs
of, etc.
COUNT NOUNS
How do you make a singular count noun plural?
Some nouns have an irregular teeth
plural.

mouse tooth

feet

mice
foot
Write the plural noun.
PRACTICE

1. 2. 3.

toys babies kangaroos

4. 6.
5.

jeans men foxes


NONCOUNT NOUNS
There are a lot of different kinds of noncount nouns. Below are some
examples.
Types of Noncount Nouns Examples
No Distinct Parts milk coffee water
Parts That Are Small rice sugar grass
Categories mail furniture money
Abstractions love advice education
Sports/Recreation soccer chess baseball
Fields of Study grammar music law
Medical Conditions arthritis cancer flu

Note – Noncount nouns take singular verbs.


Grammar is useful.
SOMETIMES A COUNT NOUN AND
SOMETIMES A NONCOUNT NOUN
TIME

Do you have any How many times do you look


time today? at your watch every day?
INFINITIVES AS NOUNS
An infinitive can be the subject of a sentence or the
subject of a clause.

To skate in the Olympics was To err* is human.


*to make a mistake
his dream.
INFINITIVES AS NOUNS
An infinitive can be a direct object.

We want to order pizza She hopes to graduate in


tonight. two years.
INFINITIVES AS NOUNS
An infinitive can come after an object.

I expected them to give The facial massage helped


me chocolates. her to relax.
GERUNDS
A gerund is a noun that is the base form of a verb
plus – ing.

Smoking is not smart. I enjoyed learning about the


beluga whales at the
aquarium.