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NATIONAL ARTISTS

THEATER
DAISY H. AVELLANA
(January 26, 1917-May 12, 2013)
DAISY H. AVELLANA

 An actor, director and writer


 First lady of Philippine Theater
 Born in Roxas, Capiz
 Wife of National Artist, Lamberto Avellana
 co-founded the Barangay Theater Guild in
1939, which paved the way for the
popularization of theatre and dramatic arts
in the country
DAISY H. AVELLANA

 She elevated legitimate theater and dramatic


arts to a new level of excellence by
a. staging and performing in breakthrough
productions of classic Filipino and foreign plays
b. encouraging the establishment of
performing groups
c. professionalization of Filipino theater
DAISY H. AVELLANA

 She starred in plays like:


1. Othello (1953)
2. Macbeth in Black (1959)
3. Casa de Bernarda Alba (1967)
4. Tatarin
 best remembered for her portrayal of
Candida Marasigan in Nick Joaquin’s Portrait
of the Artist as Filipino
DAISY H. AVELLANA

Directorial Credits:
1. Diego Silang (1968)
2. Walang Sugat (1971)

Screenplays:
1. Sakay (1939)
2. Portrait of the Artist as Filipino
(1955)
ROLANDO S. TINIO
(March 5, 1937-July 7, 1997)
ROLANDO S. TINIO

 Playwright, thespian, poet, teacher, critic


and translator, marked his career with
prolific artistic productions.
 A stage director whose original insights
into the scripts he handled brought forth
productions notable for their visual impact
and intellectual cogency.
ROLANDO S. TINIO

 He revived traditional Filipino drama by re-


staging old theater forms like the sarswela
and opening a treasure-house of
contemporary Western drama.
ROLANDO S. TINIO

Poems:
Sitsit sa Kuliglig
Dunung-Dunungan
Kristal na Uniberso
A Trick of Mirrors
Film Scripts:
Now and Forever
Gamitin Mo Ako
Bayad Puri
Milagros
ROLANDO S. TINIO
Sarswela:
Ang Mestisa
Ako
Ang Kiri
Ana Maria
Comedy:
Orosman at Zafira
Musical:
Larawan
WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO
(January 22, 1910-April 28, 1995)
WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO
(January 22, 1910-April 28, 1995)
 A teacher and theater artist whose 35
years of devoted professorship has
produced the most sterling luminaries in
Philippine performing arts today.
 He was appointed as UP Dramatic Club
director and served for 16 years
 Founder and artistic director of the UP
Mobile Theater who pioneered the concept
WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO

 Guerrero made it possible for students and


audiences in general to experience the
basic grammar of staging and acting in
familiar and friendly ways through his
plays that humorously reflect the behavior
of the Filipino
WILFRIDO MA. GUERRERO
Plays:
Half an Hour in a Convent
Wanted: A Chaperon
Forever
Condemned
Perhaps
In Unity
Deep in My Heart
Three Rats
Our Strange Ways
The Forsaken House
Frustrations
HONORATA “Atang” DELA RAMA
(January 11, 1902-July 11, 1991)
HONORATA “Atang” DELA RAMA

 Known to be the Queen Of Kundiman in


1979, then already 74 years old singing the
same song (“Nabasag na Banga”) that she
sang as a 15 year old girl in the sarsuela
Dalagang Bukid.
 She became the very first actress in the
very first Tagalog Film when she essayed
the same role in the sarsuela’s film version.
HONORATA “Atang” DELA RAMA

 At age of seven, she was already being cast in


Spanish Zarzuelas such as Mascota, Sueño de
un Vals, and Marina.
 She firmly believes that the sarswela and the
kundiman expresses best the Filipino soul,
and has even performed kundiman and other
Filipino songs for the Aetas or Negritos of
Zambales and Sierra Madre, the Bagobos of
Davao and other Lumad od Mindanao.
HONORATA “Atang” DELA RAMA

 Her famous works includes the singing of:


Pakiusap
Ay Ay Kalisud
Kung Iibig ka
Madaling Araw
Mutya ng Pasig
She also wrote her own sarswelas:
Anak ni Eba
Aking Ina
Puri at Buhay
SALVADOR F. BERNAL
(January 7, 1945-October 26, 2011)
SALVADOR F. BERNAL

 Designed more than 300 productions


distinguished for their originality
 He harnessed the design potential of
inexpensive local materials, pioneering or
maximizing the use of bamboo, raw abaca,
and abaca fiber, hemp twine, rattan chain
links and gauze cacha
SALVADOR F. BERNAL

 Guru of contemporary Filipino theater


design
 He organize the PATDAT (Philippine
Association of Theatre Designers and
Technicians) in 1995 to promote and
professionalize theater design
 He introduced Philippine theater design to
the world.
SEVERINO MONTANO
(January 3, 1915-December 12, 1980)
SEVERINO MONTANO

 Playwright, director, actor, and theater


organizer
 Forerunner in institutionalizing “legitimate
theater” in the Philippines
 He organized the Arena Theater at the
Philippine Normal College
 He trained and directed the new generations
of dramatists including Rolando S. Tinio,
Emmanuel Borlaza, Jonee Gamboa, and Behn
Cervantes.
SEVERINO MONTANO

Awards and Recognitions:


Patnubay ng Kalinangan Award from the City
of Manila (1968)
Presidential Award for Merit in Drama and
Theater (1961)
Rockefeller Foundation Grant to travel to 98
cities abroad (1950, 1952, 1962, and 1963)
LAMBERTO V. AVELLANA
(February 12, 1915-April 25, 1991)
LAMBERTO V. AVELLANA

 Director for theater and film


 “The Boy Wonder of Philippine Movies” as
early as 1939
 He was the first to use the motion picture
camera to establish a point-of-view, a move
that revolutionized the techniques of film
narration.
 He formed the Barangay Theater Guild
together with future wife, Daisy Hontiveros
LAMBERTO V. AVELLANA

 Carlos P. Romulo (then President of the Phils.),


encouraged him to try directing films.
 Sakay – his first film, was declared the best
picture of 1939 by critics and journalists.

Awards:
Grand Prix at the Asian Film Festival in Hong
Kong (Anak Dalita, 1967)
Best Director of Asia award in Tokyo (Badjao)
LAMBERTO V. AVELLANA

 The first filmmaker to have his film


Kalenderong Pilak shown at the Cannes
International Film Festival.

Films he directed for worldwide release:


Sergeant Hassan (1967)
Destination Vietnam (1969)
The Evil Within (1970)