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Envi r on m e n t a l

Problems a n d T h e i r
Effects
Hea l t h 9 : L es s on 2
Environmental Problems in the Philippines
1)Deforestation 1)Coral Reef Degradation
2)Flash Flood 2)Illegal Mining
3)Soil Erosion 3)Climate Change
4)Oil Spill
 permanent removal of large areas of
Deforestation forest, usually transform the natural
ecosystem in the area to serve another
purpose
Logging is the primary contributor to
forest lost in the country.
Department of Environment and Natural
Resources (DENR) revealed that timber
https://www.livescience.com/27692-deforestation.html
harvesting increased by nearly 30% , which
significantly reduces the volume of
groundwater.
Flash Flood
 happens when the rain falls
so fast that underlying
ground cannot cope or drain it
away fast enough.

https://www.npr.org/2019/02/05/691585812/australian-residents-
return-home-after-flash-floods-amid-warnings-of-another-sto
Soil Erosion
 removal of soil, sediment, and
rock fragments from the
landscape.
 3 processes take place for
erosion to occur:
Detachment
Entrainment
http://large.stanford.edu/course
s/2015/ph240/verso2/ Transport
Oil Spill
 release of a liquid petroleum
to the environment, most often
the ocean.
 it maybe crude oil from
tankers, drilling of rigs and
wells, or spills of petroleum
products like gasoline, diesel, or
https://scroll.in/article/970823/mauritius-oil-spill-threatens-
to-destroy-its-marine-treasures-could-it-have-been-avoided
any oily refuse or waste oil.
Coral Reef
Degradation  Coral reefs grow vigorously only
in clean water.
 explosives while fishing destroys
the coral reefs completely
 Cyanide Poisoning is where the
divers pour poison on the reef,
which stuns the fish, kills the coral
polyps, and destroy the coral.
https://climatevulture.com/2017/02/18/the-important-
role-small-herbivores-play-on-degraded-coral-reefs/
Illegal Mining  has a serious health implications for
local communities.
 using of contaminated water or
working in polluted rice fields have
negative impacts like skin itching, and
rashes.
Cyanide Separation is used to extract
gold from ore that cause of decreasing
the nutrition level of families that
https://steelguru.com/mining/illegal-mining-
destroying-forests-in-brazilian-amazon/560656
cannot afford health services.
Climate Change  in the 21 century, climate change
st

is one of the greatest challenges for


humanity.
 the poor population in the
Philippines is the most vulnerable
since they do not have enough
resources to adapt to serious natural
calamities especially those enhanced
by climate change.
https://climate.nasa.gov/solutions/adaptation-mitigation/